A fierce man came out of Shandong

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The sword rusts in the box, and people are exiled in the Jianghu.

01 ????

The winter in the south is very wet and cold.

Two nearly half-a-hundred-year-old people are burning a fire in their hearts.

Warm the wine, raise your glass and drink.

When I was drunk, it was dark. Staring dimly at the dusty sword on the case, the two talked about the past. In the military camp, they ate beef and drank wine. The horn sounded and the soldiers were ordered on the battlefield.

The whole country has not seen such a scene of generosity for many years.

Drunk, the horses galloped, the bows and arrows left the strings, and a fierce battle began.

One word for you and one for me. When you get excited, clap your thighs in a row.

A cold wind wakes the drunk. The white hairs on each other’s heads were clearly visible before they knew that everything was just alcohol at work.

This scene took place in the winter of the 15th year of Chunxi in the Southern Song Dynasty (1188).

Xinqiji, 49, and Chenliang, 46 (Tongfu), will meet again after ten years. The marginal people of the two empires gathered together, but they were worried about how the country would recover the lost land in the Central Plains.

The previous year, Zhao Gou, the supreme emperor, the general representative of the Southern Song capitulationists, died.

Chen Liang, a cloth maniac who has always denounced the capitulationists and advocated being hard on the Jin State, believes that the anti Jin cause will usher in a good time. So he made arrangements to meet Xin Qiji, another representative of the main war faction, who was idle in the countryside of Shangrao, Jiangxi Province.

Where Xin Qiji lives, he has to cross a river.

It is said that Chen Liang’s horse did not dare to cross the river because the water was too cold. He urged him three times, but the horse still did not enter the water. Chen Liang jumped off the horse, drew his knife, and cut off the horse’s head.

Xin Qiji is waiting for Chen Liang upstairs and sees this scene from afar. The tough guy who once went in and out of the Jin Bing camp was like a man in a deserted place. He was also subdued by Chen Liang’s pride and shouted, “this is a big husband!”

Chen Liang and Xin Qiji originally invited Zhu Xi. But at this time, Zhu Xi’s attitude towards the northern expedition against Jin was quite negative. He said that he was an idle man of nearly 60 years old and only wanted to stay in the mountains and bite the roots of vegetables.

If you look at the whole country, there are not many people in the main war faction.

Xin Qiji and Chen Liang are more sympathetic to each other.

They ate and slept together, toured the e-Lake, and discussed the great cause of anti gold together. By drinking, sometimes blood is surging, sometimes sober and painful.

Chen Liang stayed for ten days, then left on horseback.

After Chen Liang left, Xin Qiji felt lost. I was really reluctant to part with it, so I drove my horse to catch up with Chen Liang. Because of the cold weather, I finally failed to catch up, leaving endless regret in my heart.

After returning home, the two sang and exchanged words of friendship and passion.

When I was drunk, I looked at the sword with a lamp, and dreamed of blowing the horn. Eight hundred Li points under the command, fifty strings turn over the sound outside the Great Wall, and the battlefield will be ordered in autumn.

The horse made Lu flies fast, and the bow is like a thunderbolt. The emperor’s world affairs were eliminated, and he won the posthumous title. Poor white happened.

——Xin Qiji’s “breaking the battle period: writing strong words for chentongfu”

The reality is too cruel. A “poor thing happened in vain” makes the cause of fame an imagination that can’t wait.

Heroes are old.



? the portrait of Xin Qiji in the Xin Jiaxuan Memorial temple in Jinan. Image source / image worm creativity

02 ?????

Heroes are old.

At the age of 23, Xin Qiji completed the most brilliant deeds of his life.

It’s not because he became famous early. In this life, he can lie on the credit book and show off. But because, for the rest of his life, he never got the chance to go to the front line of anti gold.

Melancholy, depression, and heartache.

He can only recall the feats of his youth time and time again.

In 1140, the year Xin Qiji was born, there was a fierce battle between the song and Jin Dynasties. However, Yue Fei, a famous general of the Southern Song Dynasty, received successive imperial edicts from the imperial court to return to the Hui Dynasty. He had to reluctantly give up the Henan provinces recovered by the Northern Expedition and withdraw all the way south.

Xin Qiji was born in Shandong occupied by the Jin people, but since he was a child, his grandfather Xin Zan has always stressed to him that his hometown is now occupied by the Japanese, and the Southern Song Dynasty is our motherland.

When the Jingkang uprising took place, Xin Zan was forced to accept a false position in the Jin Dynasty because of family difficulties. He often blamed himself for this and always sought opportunities to contribute to his country.

Xin Zan therefore places his long cherished wish on his grandson.

When Xin Qiji was two years old, Yue Fei was wrongly killed. No one would have thought that he would probably become a battlefield hero like Yue Fei in the future, but it was a pity that he was finally wasted by politics.

Xin Qiji learned both civil and military skills since childhood. He not only read classics, but also became familiar with military books.

His growth environment and training determine that he will not be a scholar in the traditional sense when he grows up, but a strong man with sharp eyes.

According to Xin Qiji’s later recollection, in the Jin State, Han people were second-class citizens:

If the people have grievances, they will be sued by the officials, and the Hu people will prevail, while the Chinese people will drink their Qi and bend their grievances; The fields are adjacent, but the Hu people are strong and seize them; Breeding animals are mixed, while Hu people steal them.

Want fairness? No, The excessive collection of money has occurred every year and every day.

The anti gold uprising was turbulent.

At the age of 22, Xin Qiji had already set up a 2000 member anti gold team in Shandong. Later, he led the crowd to Geng Jing, the largest leader of the Jinan rebel army.

Geng Jing was very fond of Xin Qiji and was directly appointed secretary in charge.

At that time, a monk named yiduan also led a team of more than a thousand people to fight against gold. Xin Qiji urged yiduan to take refuge in Geng Jing.

Unexpectedly, yiduan was a speculator who stole the military seal in charge of Xin Qiji and absconded.

According to the history of Song Dynasty, Geng Jing was furious and threatened to kill Xin Qiji. Xin Qiji did not panic. He made a military order on the spot and said that it was not too late for me to die again if I could not catch yiduan in three days.

Xin Qiji concluded that yiduan wanted to flee to the Jinbing military camp and offered rewards with secrets and military seals. So he followed the direction of the Jin camp and caught up with yiduan.

Yiduan was very surprised, so he had to beg for mercy and said, I know you were a green rhino in your previous life, and you are powerful enough to kill people. I hope you don’t kill me.

Without saying anything, Xin Qiji cut off the head of yiduan and took back the military seal.

As Jin Shizong ascended the throne, he adopted the offensive and disintegrating strategy of “those who are on the mountain are thieves, and those who are down the mountain are good people”. As a result, the people of the anti Jin rebel army in various places were scattered, and they were demobilized and returned to the field one after another.

Xin Qiji immediately offered advice to Geng Jing. Instead of waiting to die, he would rather lead his troops to the Southern Song Dynasty.

Geng Jing readily accepted, so he appointed 11 representatives including Xin Qiji to contact the imperial court in the Southern Song Dynasty.

Xin Qiji and others went to Jiankang (now Nanjing) and were received by Zhaogou, Emperor Gaozong of the Song Dynasty, and accepted the appointment of the imperial court. When they hurried back to bring good news to Geng Jing, bad news came along the way:

Their commander Geng Jing was killed by Zhang Anguo!

Zhang Anguo killed the Lord for glory and surrendered to the Jin people.

Xin Qiji, a 23-year-old man, was shocked to learn about the incident and quickly formulated countermeasures. According to historical records, he told people that I was entrusted by commander Geng Jing to the Southern Song Dynasty. Who knows what happened? How can I recover my life? Therefore, the covenant ruled wangshilong and Ma Quanfu, a loyal and righteous man, to “go to the Jin camp” to arrest Zhang Anguo.

Today, there are only sporadic historical records of Xin Qiji’s famous feat, so it is difficult for us to restore the specific deployment at that time.

It is only known that Xin Qiji and others, with a scale of 50 people, sneaked into the Golden Army camp with 50000 people. At that time, Zhang Anguo was having a drink with general Jin Bing. Xin Qi suddenly appeared in front of the banquet, tied Zhang Anguo up, like carrying a rabbit, carrying a horse, and then ran out of the camp. The cavalry of the same line met outside and went away together.

Xin Qiji tied a horse with a medal in his mouth and kept working day and night until he crossed the Huaihe River, sent Zhang Anguo to Jiankang and handed him over to the Southern Song Dynasty.

This daring and resourceful feat made the 23-year-old Xin Qiji known overnight. His good friend Hong Mai said:

The emperor sighed three times at the sight of a brave voice and a coward.

It means that cowards all over the world are eager to try and learn from Xin Qiji’s heroic acts. Even the emperor appreciates Xin Qiji when he meets him.

But who knows, people’s fate depends on sadness and happiness, and heroes are unpredictable in times of adversity.



? Yuewang temple in Hangzhou. It’s a pity that Xin Qiji didn’t have the chance to become Yuefei. Image source / photographing network

03 ???????

The fate of heroes is always coerced by the process of history.

Yue Fei died in the song and Jin Heyi, and Xin Qiji was also buried in the song and Jin Heyi.

To be fair, Xin Qiji was valued by the imperial court when he returned to the south.

Xiaozong of Song Dynasty just succeeded to the throne. He was vigorous and vigorous. He used veteran Zhang Jun to launch the northern expedition, aiming to recover the Central Plains.

As a “reformed man” with no fame, Xin Qiji was personally received by song Xiaozong because of the explosive news of the capture of Zhang Anguo alive.

The emperor listened to him talk about the situation in the north and south.

But after summoning him, Emperor Gaozong of song gave him a position as the chief clerk of the Si Nong temple, in charge of grain. This is a far cry from Xin Qiji’s expectation of leading the army against Jin.

The reason given in the history books is that Xin Qiji “holds his theory straight and does not cater to it”. Maybe he was too straightforward to cater to Shangyi. Songxiaozong thought it was boring.

At this time, Zhang Jun lost the northern expedition, and the theory of “the Northern Expedition harmed the country” prevailed in the imperial court. Song Xiaozong was completely coerced. He not only issued an imperial edict to depose Zhang Jun, but also used the compromise faction to send envoys to negotiate peace with the Jin Dynasty. This is the famous “Longxing peace debate” in history.

The Longxing peace negotiation maintained the peace between song and Jin for 40 years, and brought a high degree of material and cultural prosperity to the Southern Song Dynasty.

Behind this, however, are the 40 years of hot blood boiling, gradually becoming cold, suffering and bumping everywhere of the main combatants such as Xin Qiji, Luyou and Chen Liang.

People with ideals are miserable. People whose ideals are incompatible with reality suffer even more. For those who don’t change their original intention and whose ideals are incompatible with reality, perhaps only Xin Qiji knows what it is like.

Shortly after the summon of emperor Xiaozong of Song Dynasty, on the night of the Lantern Festival, the depressed Xin Qiji wrote a poem:

A thousand trees blossom at night in the east wind. The stars are falling like rain. BMW carved cars are all over the road. The sound of the Phoenix flute moves, the light of the jade pot turns, and the fish and dragon dance all night.

Moth snow willow golden thread. The laughter is full and the fragrance is gone. But in the crowd once and again, I look for her in vain. Suddenly I turn my back, she gleams in sparse and obscure lights.

——Xin Qiji’s jade case: New Year’s Eve

In such a lively and beautiful scene, the beauty hid alone in a place with dim lights. A beauty without knowing is like a hero without a place to play.

To be honest, only after deeply understanding Xin Qiji’s life experience can we understand this que CI: what a lonely soul is hidden behind a bright color!

In Xin Qiji’s good years, throughout the Southern Song Dynasty, harmony was the mainstream and warfare was the non mainstream. No wonder he can only sigh in his words, “those who know me, two or three sons”. No wonder he wants to go after Chen Liang on horseback. There are so few bosom friends.

The most difficult thing is that Xin Qiji is not an ordinary indignant youth or mouth cannon. He is really recognized as a handsome talent.

At the same time, people either said that he was a “hero in the history of the Qing Dynasty” (Luyou language), or that he was a “brilliant talent” (Zhuxi language). Even the emperor said that he was a “talent for the preparation of literature and martial arts”.

In the minds of later generations of Liu Zai, Xin Qiji was even more like “embracing the spirit of the world, like a child’s house; the policy of giving aid to the time, like Zhuge in Longzhong”. It means that Xin Qiji’s talent is comparable to that of Zhang Liang and Zhugeliang.

Hong Mai, a friend, once lamented that if he had the opportunity, Xin Qiji could have established such meritorious deeds as Zhou Yu of the Three Kingdoms and Xie an of the Eastern Jin Dynasty.

Unfortunately, a generation of heroes, throughout their lives, can not wait for the opportunity to be reused.

Xin Qiji once submitted the ten theories on celery to the emperor, and several years later submitted the nine suggestions to the Prime Minister Yu Yunwen. In these two brilliant and broad-minded main battle political theories, he put forward many far sighted strategies and concrete and feasible tactics.

For example, he advocated that the Southern Song Dynasty should make a bluff, vigorously publicize the importance of recapturing Guanzhong, Luoyang and Bianjing, and induce the Jin people to pay more attention to defense. In fact, he set the main attack direction in Shandong, where the military strength was weak.

These suggestions are eye-catching and show that Xin Qiji is a strategist.

But his memorial fell to the sea.

Peace was the main theme of that era, and the main battle was to undermine social stability. Even though Xin Qiji had great talent, he was only sent to suppress civil strife. He tried his ox’s knife a few times. That’s all.

As a “returnee”, he lived in the Southern Song Dynasty for more than 40 years. During this period, he had more than 20 years of experience as an official, and had been frequently transferred among local governments for more than 30 times; In the other 20 years, he was idle and lived in seclusion in Qianshan village, Shangrao, Jiangxi Province.

When the country was in trouble, he was appointed for a few days. The imperial court slandered him and immediately abandoned him. This is Xin Qiji’s normal life.

Yue Fei is a tragic hero. In contrast, Xin Qiji is even more tragic. At least Yue Fei once dominated the battlefield. He was full of blood and became an iron horse; Xin Qiji, however, was born at an untimely time. He could only dream about it.

Times, it is doomed that Xin Qiji can only be a tragedy among tragic heroes.



? in yugutai, Ganzhou, Jiangxi Province, Xin Qiji wrote here that “the green mountains cannot be covered, after all, they flow to the East”. Image source / photographing network

04 ????

Once, entering the enemy’s camp was like entering a no man’s land; Now, in the rear of peace, there are many obstacles.

The end of a hero is lonely and desolate.

There are some heroes in history who have gradually lost their fighting spirit and become decadent and sad in the helpless situation. There was a fire in their hearts, but it slowly went out.

Xin Qiji is a stubborn alien. No matter how difficult the situation is, he can resist the erosion of negative emotions with firm willpower.

Some people say that although Xin Qiji failed to return to the battlefield after returning to the south, he was still fighting, but it was a battle of heart, a battle of will and emotion.

Unable to serve the country and kill the enemy, he still shows his true colors as a hero.

We now know more about Xin Qiji from the perspective of literature. He has left countless classic poems. He is a great master of the bold and unconstrained School of Song Ci and shares the same score with Su Shi.

But when Su Shi wrote bold and unconstrained Ci, he devoted himself to the artistic conception, while Xin Qiji devoted himself to the state of mind. When Su Shi writes about heroes, he is writing about history. When Xin Qiji writes about heroes, he is writing about reality and life.

When the hero was wild, he wrote:

Sigh the youth’s mind, the great hero. The yellow and red calyx are very similar. Unless you wear a golden seal on your waist, you will have a lovely pink face in your seat. At this time, Fang called his feelings and tried his best to drink for a thousand minutes.

——Xin Qiji’s golden chrysanthemum vs. Hibiscus Double Ninth Festival

Frustrated, the hero wrote:

After looking at Wu Gou and taking photos of the railings, no one will be there. It’s my intention… Who calls Qian? Red scarves and green sleeves, looking for heroic tears?

——Xin Qiji’s “water dragon singing – climbing Jiankang heart appreciation Pavilion”

When the hero is old, he writes:

Tired guests are new and abundant. Mink fur is worn and the dust is everywhere. Play the short clip and the green snake three feet. Who can continue the mighty song. Do not think of the hero Jiang Zuo Lao, but use it to respect China.

——Xin Qiji’s the Red River, the new abundance of weary guests

As Xin Qiji’s disciple fan Kai said:

The public (referring to Xin Qiji) is a world-class hero. He is proud of his integrity and his achievements. Fang will collect it and use it to clear things. What does it mean to the lyrics? Straight pottery with ears.

It means that killing the enemy should be Xin Qiji’s main business. Writing words is only his sideline and a tool to dispel sadness when he feels sad.

Ge Xiaoyin, a scholar, commented on Xin Qiji’s Ci poems. He said it very well:

Xin Qiji’s heroic temperament and fighting spirit permeated the creation of Ci poetry. His legendary life experience enriched the subject matter of Ci and directly reflected in his ci creation. Therefore, Xin CI is full of the sound of gold and stone and masculine spirit, which is an important reason why Xin CI is called “the word of hero”.

Obviously, he is the great Xia of the country, but he has become the “dragon in words”.

Alas, how to say? This is a great blessing in the history of Chinese literature, but it is Xin Qiji’s personal great misfortune.

In the history of Chinese literature, apart from Xin Qiji, there is really no other person who can write his “heroic words”. You can see that he can write his farewell words, which are the most sentimental and traditional situations that embody the sorrow of parting.

Seeing off Zhang Jian to be the prefect, he wrote:

Hanzhong started its business in Hanzhong, asking whether this place is Yefei. If you want to point at the three Qin Dynasties, the king will be proud and return to the East in the first battle. After the death, I can’t see it now, but the mountains and rivers are full of tears. The setting sun is still gathering dust, and the west wind is filling the horse with fat.

——Xin Qiji’s Magnolia flower slow: send Zhang Zhonggu to Xingyuan at the banquet

Seeing off his cousin, he wrote:

The general fought a hundred battles and his name was split. He went to the river and turned back thousands of miles. His old friend was long gone. The water is rustling and the west wind is cold. The house is covered with snow. A heroic man and a sad song have not yet been heard. The crying birds know how much they hate. They don’t expect to cry with clear tears and long cry with blood. Who is with me, drunk moon.

——Xin Qiji’s congratulation to the bridegroom, biemaojia’s twelve younger brothers

Seeing off Chen Liang, he wrote:

After all, how many times does China break up? No one cares about the sweat and salt cart, and the bones of the steed are collected in the air for thousands of miles. The river and the road are cut off. I most pity you for the mid night dance. The Taoist man is as determined as iron. Try your hand and mend the sky.

——Xin Qiji’s greeting the bridegroom: meeting with the father and answering with rhyme

Xin Qiji highly praised TaoYuanming, but his understanding of TaoYuanming was quite unique.

He said: “look at Yuan Ming, the romantic style is very similar to Wolong Zhuge.” In his eyes, TaoYuanming, who lives in seclusion in the countryside, and Zhugeliang, who has made great achievements, are the same romantic figures, but their life circumstances are different.

This is the self-condition of Xin Qiji, who has been idle in the countryside for many years. Take advantage of other people’s circumstances to pour a barricade in your heart.

From the time he was impeached and dismissed at the age of 42 in the winter of 1181 to the time he died, except that he was occasionally used as a pacifier in Fujian, eastern Zhejiang and other places for twoorthree years, he basically lived in his home near the lake in Shangrao, Jiangxi Province.

He named this home for the rest of his life “Jiaxuan”.

You pick up his collection of words and look at the works of this period. They all have such artistic conception: sorrow, wine, sword, white hair

His words condensed his grief, resentment and sadness, such as these words:

“If you want to go to the high building to avoid worry, worry will follow me to the high building.”

“Now that I know all the sorrow, I want to say it’s time to stop. I want to say it’s time to stop. But I say it’s a cool autumn.”

He was so addicted to alcohol that he drank almost every day. Drunkenness became his daily life, which embodied his mood:

“Everything is empty in the wine cup. There are three or five heroes in ancient times. Where is the wind and rain, the Han Palace and the Qin palace.”

“I’ve been drunk all my life, mostly 36000 times. Don’t think about how many things you’ve done in ancient times.”

Drunk, he could see that the young man who once had a combination of books and swords and a good command of both literature and martial arts did not seem to be far away, so he could keep his blood and passion in his heart. So his words have a heart of courage:

“Look up at the clouds in the northwest, lean against the sky for thousands of miles, and have a long sword.”

“Call up the bright moon one day. I am full of ice and snow, and the vast rivers flow. The whale has not swallowed the sea, and the sword has gone into autumn.”

Only after the alcohol subsided and I saw the white hair of the man in the mirror, did I suddenly realize that the hero was old. Like his own words:

“In the mirror, I feel that the stars are wrong, and people live up to Chunchun’s conceit. In my dream, people are far from worried, only in the rain and wind in pear blossom.”

“When I talk about swords and poems, I feel very sad about my drunken dancing and singing. I would rather have my white hair planted one by one when I wake up.”

See, every sentence of Xin Qiji’s poetic mood corresponds to an old hero’s hopeless life: Reality (sorrow) – hallucinogen (wine) – past / dream (sword) – reality (white hair).

The only consolation is that Xin Qiji has a strong sense of humor, otherwise he would have been drowned in the bitter waters of politics. This is also a sign of his inner strength.

Songbian got drunk last night. Ask songbian how drunk I am. If you are loose, you should help me. Push loose with your hands.

——Xin Qiji’s the moon on the West River

Before you come, I will check my body. I have been thirsty for a long time. I swallow like a scorched kettle. Now I like to sleep. My breath is like running thunder. You said Liu Ling, who has reached the ancient and modern times, why not bury him when he is drunk. Hun is like this. Sigh that you are so kind to your bosom friend.

——Xin Qiji’s Qinyuan spring: stop drinking, stop drinking and keep away

With white hair hanging threethousand feet in the air, I smiled at everything in the world. What can make the public happy? I saw how charming the castle peak was. I expected the Castle Peak to see me like this… I don’t hate the ancients. I don’t see the ancients. I hate the ancients. I don’t see my crazy ears. He who knows me, two or three sons.

——Xin Qiji’s congratulations to the groom



? the statue of Xin Qiji in the Xin Jiaxuan Memorial temple in Jinan. Image source / image worm creativity

05 ?????

The times call for heroes. Heroes are old.

After 40 years of returning to the south, Xin Qiji finally got the chance to go to the front.

At this time, Han Yuzhou, a powerful figure in the Southern Song Dynasty, used a large number of war advocates to try to launch the northern expedition against the Jin State.

In 1203, Han Yuzhou recruited Xin Qiji, 64, to be the pacifying envoy of eastern Zhejiang.

Xin Qiji did not refuse because of his old age. Instead, he went to his post with regret and was willing to serve his family and country with his hero in his twilight years.

Although he is old and dormant for half his life, Xin Qiji is still the most sober and sober advocate of war in the whole country.

He was not dazzled by the atmosphere surrounding the northern expedition. Instead, he made some suggestions. The Northern Expedition should be carefully prepared. From the training of soldiers, the supply of food and grass to the selection of officers, we should strive to improve it. We should not be hasty, otherwise we will fall short of success.

In the first year of the new year (1205), Xin Qiji, 66, became the prefect of Zhenjiang and guarded Jingkou, the fortress of the Yangtze River. In the anti gold front, he actively prepared for the war, customized military uniforms, recruited strong men and trained soldiers. He dared not slack off for a moment.

During this period, he boarded the Beigu Pavilion and wrote the famous “forever meet Music – Beigu Pavilion in Jingkou remembers the past”:

Through the ages, no hero can find sunzhongmou. Dancing on the pavilion and singing platform, the wind and rain always blow away the wind and rain. The grass and trees in the setting sun are common alleys, where people used to live as slaves. Back in those days, the Golden Army and iron horse swallowed thousands of miles like a tiger.

Yuanjia hastily closed the wolf house and won the panic of Beigu. Forty three years ago, I still remember the beacon fire on Yangzhou road. But looking back, there was a god crow Club drum under the Buddha and fox temple. Who can ask: I am old enough to be honest. Can I still eat?

Xin Qiji showed deep tangles in this que CI: on the one hand, he said that although he was old, he still had the ambition to make contributions; On the other hand, he reminded Han Yuzhou not to send troops hastily, as in the previous Northern Expedition, so as to suffer heavy losses.

In any age, there is no shortage of people who take credit for themselves. What is lacking is people who are sober and self-conscious. During the years when the main war faction was in power, Xin Qiji was still impeached.

The Kaixi Northern Expedition went on as scheduled, but Xin Qiji resigned and stayed at home.

The result of the war was unfortunately predicted by Xin Qiji. The Southern Song Dynasty won first and then lost because of the serious lack of military preparation.

Han Yuzhou wanted to invite Xin Qiji out again as a banner against gold. This time, Xin Qiji was granted a very important military position under the decree of the Privy Council.

When the imperial edict arrived in the countryside of Jiangxi Province, Xin Qiji was seriously ill.

He didn’t go to his post.

He knew that he was just a symbol.

In 1207, the third year of Kaixi, Xin Qiji, 68, died of illness. On his deathbed, he was still shouting to kill the thief!

In the same year, Han Yuzhou, the prime minister in power, was murdered in the imperial court, and the Kaixi northern expedition was a complete failure.

Poor Xin Qiji. A generation of heroes died. His hometown is still under the rule of the Jin people and is still occupied by the enemy. To recover the Central Plains, I am haunted by dreams and have no hope.

The more he did not accept his fate, the more tragic his life became.

We can sympathize with people who are powerless; But the hero is powerless, how should we treat it?

An era that needs heroes most is also the most cruel era to kill heroes.

Looking forward to a thousand years of tears, depression is different from generation to generation.

Only a deep sigh, anxious for all souls!


[yuan] Tuotuo et al. History of Song Dynasty, Zhonghua Book Company, 1985

[song] Xin Qiji: Notes on the annals of Jiaxuan CI (Revised Edition), Shanghai Ancient Books Publishing House, 1993

Dengguangming: biography of Xin Qiji · chronicle of Xin Jiaxuan, Sanlian bookstore of life, reading and new knowledge, 2007

Gongbendong: commentary on Xin Qiji, Nanjing University Press, 2002

Dengguangming: ten lectures on Song History, Zhonghua Book Company, 2008

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