For example, TaoYuanming praised Jing Ke for his chivalry and bravery, while Liuzongyuan criticized him for his ignorance. The same is “chanting Jingke”. They chanted two different meanings. TaoYuanming’s “chanting Jingke” can become a masterpiece through the ages. It won not only by poetic art, passion, but also by historical view.
?? “YAN Dan is good at cultivating scholars. He aims to win a strong battle. He has gathered hundreds of people and won Jingqing at the end of the year. The gentleman died and his friend came out of Yanjing. Su Ji called Guangmo and generously sent us away. Xiong pointed out that his crown was in danger and rushed into the long tassel. He drank the preserves and changed the water. There were four rows of heroes. He gradually left the building of sorrow and sang loudly in the Song Dynasty. He mourned the passing of the wind, and a faint cold wave was born. The business voice was more flowing, and the feather played a hero. He knew that he would not return and that he would be famous in later generations. When did he get on the bus? He flew into the Qin court. Across thousands of miles and thousands of cities. The rich master is in a panic camp. Alas, my swordsmanship is poor, so I failed to achieve my wonderful skills. Although the man is gone, there is a thousand lingering feelings! “
It is a ready-made example to ask what ancient poems can make people feel refreshed after reading them. It’s not surprising that TaoYuanming, who has always been recognized as having a sense of novelty and ease, also has a sense of ups and downs in his mind? He praised Jing Ke’s great feat of assassinating the king of Qin, and sympathized with Jing Ke’s fate of dying and being killed. His view of history is clear: the righteous men who resisted the tyrant are always memorable. Don’t be too blunt, that’s enough.
Liu Zongyuan, a writer in the Tang Dynasty, showed no sympathy for Jing Ke’s death. “What is the sharpness of the cause? What is the hesitation of the present? Changhong spits out the sun and is hastily punished.” This is tantamount to blaming Jing Ke for having a good beginning, but no wonderful ending, and simply talking about heroes based on success or failure; Then, his criticism escalated even more. “At the beginning of the crisis, the death of the disaster pivot”, which is tantamount to accusing Jing Ke of being the culprit of the destruction of the state of Yan. But after a little analysis, it is totally untenable in principle. The five states of Han, Wei, Zhao, Chu and Qi were all obedient. They did not send assassins to assassinate the king of Qin. Did they all perish one after another? The fall of the state of Yan (222 BC) was only one year earlier than that of the state of Qi (221 BC), the last of the six states to fall. It can be seen that there was no inevitable causal relationship between the king of Jingke and the fall of the state of Yan. The state of Yan could not survive the death of the Qin Dynasty.
Liu Zongyuan didn’t think Jing Ke would kill the king of Qin at the first time, but wanted to capture him alive. “The emperor of Qin was originally deceiving, but it was different from Duke Huan. However, it was brave and foolish to follow Cao Mo’s story of abducting Duke Huan of Qi. Jing Ke really wanted to follow Cao Mo’s example, abducting King Ying Zheng of Qin and forcing him to sign a contract to return the territory of the princes. This idea is a bit naive indeed.
When it comes to “being brave and foolish”, many ministers in the five kingdoms of Han, Wei, Zhao, Chu and Qi are “timid and wise”. What great achievements have they made? Later, in the Jin Dynasty, there were a large number of “timid and intelligent” talkers. Isn’t the future and destiny of the country yellow at first sight? Zhang Liang, the first strategist of the Western Han Dynasty, could not simply fall into the ranks of courage and folly when he was able to take command of strategies and win a decisive victory thousands of miles away? However, when he was young, he also took the warrior and big iron vertebra to assassinate Qinshihuang in bolangsha. Unfortunately, he only hit the auxiliary car and fell short. Fortunately, he escaped from his life. Most of the heroes are warriors like Jing Ke and Zhang Liang. They know they can’t do it, they know they can’t win, and they know they can’t live. If we apply Mr. Lu Xun’s language, such a tough fool is the hero and the backbone of the nation.
Jing Ke died and the state of Yan perished, but the hatred of the world’s righteous men for the tyrant Ying Zheng was not written off. Gao Jianli, Jing Ke’s good friend, changed his name for a time and worked hard for others. Later, he could not help but itch and returned to the Jianghu. He was appreciated and pardoned by the first emperor of Qin for his attack on the building (at the cost of blinding him with horse dung). With the distance between him and the first emperor of Qin getting closer and closer, Gao Qili was more and more eager to avenge his old friend Jing Ke. He poured lead water into his musical instrument and found a close chance to attack the first emperor of Qin. Because his vision was not sensitive enough, he failed. In his anger, Emperor Qinshihuang killed Gao Jianli and never dared to approach the people of the six kingdoms again.