Cao Cao is the master of life and death: women around Emperor Xian of Han Dynasty

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In the feudal era, the emperor was the “Ninth to fifth emperor”, while the empress wanted to “mother the world”, which could be called the world’s first-class noble men and women.

However, it was a time of governance and prosperity. At the end of the dynasty, the higher the status, the more inescapable it is under the tide of dynasty change. It can only bear the axe and knife of fate.

For example, Han Xiandi, the last emperor of the Eastern Han Dynasty, although he was born and died in the same year as Zhugeliang, he was not without talent, but under the general trend, he could only be controlled and manipulated by one ambitious and schemer after another. Finally, under Cao Pi’s coercion, he staged a farce of “abdication”, and himself became a synonym for incompetence and puppet in later generations.

In 189 A.D., when the ten constant attendants revolted, Liu Bian, the young emperor, and Liu Xie, the king of Chen Liu (that is, Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty) were abducted by eunuchs into the wild and met DongZhuo, who led the troops. DongZhuo asked Shaodi about the incident. Shaodi stammered and couldn’t say anything clearly. Ask King Chen Liu again. Although he is several years younger than the young emperor, he can make it clear from beginning to end. DongZhuo was overjoyed and thought that Liu Xie was more talented, so he abolished the Shao emperor and made Liu Xie emperor instead.

In the first year of Xingping (194 AD), there was a famine in Guanzhong. Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty, who was only 14 years old, ordered that the grain in the warehouse be used to cook porridge to relieve the victims, but many people still starved to death. Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty suspected that the people in charge of relief were engaged in fraud and corruption. He himself took a fixed amount of five liters of rice and five liters of beans to cook porridge. As a result, he boiled two pots of porridge. Comparing the grain received from the warehouse with the porridge distributed to the victims, the loopholes were immediately exposed. Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty severely punished the relevant officials, and no one dared to tamper with the food for disaster relief.

Therefore, Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty, who was gifted and intelligent, actually had the ability to be a Ming emperor. Unfortunately, in the end of the world, he could do nothing but cry.

Similarly, the fate of those concubines around Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty was even more tragic. Although Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty was a puppet, he was still an emperor. In addition to DongZhuo, a reckless butcher, few people dare to kill by themselves. Relatively speaking, although the empress is also the “mother of the country”, it is much easier to start.

There are two dignitaries who often accompany Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty. One is empress Fu and the other is concubine Dong.

Empress Fu, whose name is Fu Shou, is a fellow countryman of Zhugeliang. Her eight generation ancestor, Fu Zhan, used to be a big situ. He is also a famous family. The father of empress Fu is called Fu Wan, and the mother is princess Yang’an, the daughter of emperor Huan of Han Dynasty. In terms of seniority, Emperor Huan of the Han Dynasty was the great uncle of Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty, Fu Wan was the cousin of Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty, and empress Fu and Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty were also indirect cousins.

Empress Fu entered the palace in the first year of Chuping (AD 190). That year, it happened that the Guandong princes attacked DongZhuo. DongZhuo burned Luoyang and moved its capital to Chang’an. When the war was in turmoil, Miss Fushou entered the court. After all, she is the daughter of a famous family and the emperor’s cousin. She can’t be a palace maid. Once she entered the palace, she was a noble person. From then on, she began to live with Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty for more than 20 years. Later, Wang Yun and Lv Bu killed DongZhuo, Li Zhen and Guo Si captured Chang’an, killed Wang Yun and bombed Lv Bu away. In this series of disturbances, she always accompanied the emperor’s husband and endured this wave after wave of turbulence.

In the second year of Xingping (195 A.D.), the warlord Li Wei and Guo Si, who were in charge of the imperial government, had internal strife and fought in Chang’an. Fugui people, together with the emperor, were abducted to the barracks by Li Zhe. During the day, the cries of fighting between the two armies resounded outside the tent, and sometimes oneortwo arrows were shot at the door. At night, the emperor’s tent was surrounded by soldiers’ Xiliang accent, mixed with the language of Qiang and Hu. The material supply was also very scarce. Even the servants around the emperor did not have enough food to eat.

In such a dangerous and embarrassing situation, in April, in Li Zhe’s military camp, Fugui was listed as the queen. This is probably the most humble empress ceremony in the Han Dynasty for hundreds of years. Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty chose to be canonized at such a time, which can only be described as “having fun in bitterness”.

In June, Li Guosi temporarily suspended his troops. The emperor and empress were also released and joined the ministers who had escaped from Guosi camp. But after the summer, Li Xi and Guo Si joined forces to kill them. This time they did not want to rob the emperor, but to rebel and kill the emperor! Although they were protected by Yang Feng, Dong Cheng and others, the emperor and empress were still running around in great confusion. In December, the army protecting the emperor was defeated by the rebels twice, resulting in numerous deaths and injuries. Most civil and military officials and palace maidens and eunuchs were killed by the rebels. Empress Fu, supported by her brother Fu De, limped in the defeated procession. It was easy to find a boat, wrapped the emperor’s body in silk, and slowly fell off the boat. Fude jumped off the boat with the queen on his back. Only then did we cross the border of civil and military officials. Some people couldn’t wait to jump into the water and climb the side of the boat to cross the boat. The people on the boat cut their hands with swords. The cut fingers were piled on the inside of the side of the boat, full of flesh and blood.

After crossing the river, we found an ox cart for the emperor and empress, and then set up a temporary court in the thatched house. We couldn’t even close the doors and windows. When the emperor and his ministers held a meeting, the soldiers would lie on the fence and watch. They also played tricks on each other. The generals who escorted them recommended many of their partners to be senior officials, so they made seals out of stones and drew a few strokes with awls. The most serious thing is that there is no food. The emperor and empress Fu only have coarse food to eat. It is a great blessing for officials and maids to find wild vegetables and fruits to fill their stomachs!

This is the beginning of Comrade Fu Shou’s career as Queen. This alone shows what kind of torture she, the queen, will suffer in the last years of the Eastern Han Dynasty.

It was not until the following year that Cao Cao sent troops to move the capital to Xucheng that the emperor and his party had a temporary place to live, at least food and clothing.

After settling down for a while, the emperor appointed his father-in-law, Fu Wan, to be the general of the auxiliary country and take power. But Fu Wan is a deep and steady man. He knew that Cao Cao was now the real power figure, and he did not have the strength and ability to compete with it. Being in a high position would bring disaster. Therefore, he resigned his post and became doctor zhongsan.

Another Dong Guifei, whose name is not recorded in historical books.

Miss Dong’s father was Dong Cheng, the nephew of Empress Dowager Dong, the grandmother of Emperor Xian of Han Dynasty. Therefore, Dong Cheng is the cousin of Emperor Xian of Han Dynasty, and Miss Dong is also another cousin of Emperor Xian of Han Dynasty. In the romance of the Three Kingdoms, Luo Guanzhong mistakenly wrote that Dong Guifei was Dong Cheng’s sister. According to historical books, it was written that “Dong Cheng was the uncle of Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty”, and this “Uncle” was understood as brother-in-law. In fact, “Uncle” here means father-in-law.

Dong Cheng’s first appearance in the romance of the Three Kingdoms was in the middle of Emperor Xian’s escape from Li Xi and Guo Si’s control. Guo Si led troops to chase him. Yang Feng, who was escorting him at that time, was outnumbered, Seeing that the situation was in danger: “suddenly there was a loud cry in the southeast, and a general led his army to kill him. The thieves ran away. Xu Huang took advantage of the situation to attack and defeated Si army. The man came to see the son of heaven. It was Dong Chengye, a national relative. The emperor wept about the past. Cheng said:” Your Majesty, don’t worry. I and General Yang swore to kill the two thieves to pacify the world. “

History is basically the same. After that, Dong Cheng, together with Yang Feng, Han Siam and others, led his troops and horses to protect Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty and returned to Luoyang. On the way, he fought several wars with the chaotic army, killing a river of blood. This courage is real. Therefore, in the romance of the Three Kingdoms, Dong Cheng is described as a loyal minister of the Han Dynasty.

But Dong Cheng’s identity is not so simple. While playing a “loyal official of the Han Dynasty”, he was also an important cadre of the notorious traitor DongZhuo group.

It turned out that just after the death of Emperor Ling of the Han Dynasty, the court was fighting inside. Empress dowager He Jin and Empress Dowager he killed empress dowager Dong; Later, he Jin was killed by eunuchs. DongZhuo went to Beijing, abolished the Shao emperor Liu Bian, established the Han Emperor Liu Xie, and killed empress dowager he, who was in power. Dongcheng was a general under Niu Fu, DongZhuo’s son-in-law. He and DongZhuo may be some indirect relatives, or they may have recognized the same family. After all, Dong Cheng and Dong Zhuo have a common interest in opposing Ho’s party and avenging empress dowager Dong. DongZhuo, as the overlord of Xiliang soil, also valued the fact that he had the same family name.

Joining the DongZhuo group is not all heinous. Caiyong, caiwenji’s father, was also

DongZhuo was reused after coercion and inducement. Even before the coup to kill DongZhuo, situ Wangyun publicized it to the public as DongZhuo’s confidant. Therefore, although Dong Cheng has countless connections with Dong Zhuo, it does not prevent him from having his own position and conscience as a minister of the Han family. After that, his standing up during the Li Guo rebellion may be the embodiment of this kind of loyalty. Of course, it can also be understood as a kind of political speculation. Even so, Dong Cheng has devoted his life to this speculation, which is worthy of the name of a loyal minister.

After Cao Cao moved his capital to Xucheng, Dong Cheng’s daughter married Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty. As a reward for his cousin and father-in-law, Dongcheng himself was appointed by the emperor as a cavalry general in the third year of Jian’an (AD 198).

Because of this dual kinship with the emperor and his high position in the warlord group of DongZhuo and Li Pei, Dongcheng and Fu WAN are completely different people. He is not willing to pretend to be a grandson. He should also support his own forces and achieve his own achievements.

This is the foreshadowing of the contradiction between Dong Cheng and Cao Cao.

Since Cao Cao moved to Xudu, he has taken the emperor as his puppet and controlled all state affairs by himself. Even the ministers around Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty were good at killing and demoting. For Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty, he was kidnapped by DongZhuo when he was a child, and then bullied by Li Xi and Guo Si. Cao Cao, who came here now, thought he was a loyal and good minister. Who knows that his means are more ruthless than those of the previous few.

At this moment, Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty is getting older and more dissatisfied with Cao Cao’s tyranny. He wanted to find other loyal officials to contain and eliminate Cao Cao. Looking around, Dong Cheng, my uncle and father-in-law, became the best candidate.

So Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty bit his finger, wrote a secret imperial edict on a belt, and secretly gave it to Dong Cheng to contact his comrades and kill the “national thief” Cao Cao. After receiving the imperial edict, Dong contacted Wu Lan, zizifu, Liu Bei, and others to form an alliance and swear to kill the “Cao thief”.

However, their scheming was far worse than that of Cao Cao, and their luck was not very good. In the fifth year of Jian’an (AD 200), Dong Cheng and others were completely killed by Cao Cao, ending his active history on the political stage of the Eastern Han Dynasty.

Cao Cao killed Dong Cheng, and he must root out Dong Cheng’s daughter. So he led his troops to the court. Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty has issued a secret edict to kill Cao Cao. Brother Cao will not be polite. The romance of the Three Kingdoms describes this thrilling scene as follows:

After Cao Cao killed Dong Cheng and other people, he was still angry, so he took his sword into the palace to kill Dong Guifei. The imperial concubine… Has been pregnant for five months. On that day, the emperor was in the harem and was discussing Dong Cheng with empress Fu privately. So far, there has been no sound loss. Suddenly Cao Cao came into the palace with his sword, and his face was angry. The emperor was shocked. Cao said, “Your Majesty, do you know Dong Chengmou’s rebellion?” The emperor said, “Dong Zhuo has been killed.” Cao shouted, “it’s not DongZhuo! It’s Dongcheng!” The emperor shuddered and said, “I really don’t know.” Cao said, “forgot to break the finger and repair the imperial edict?” The emperor cannot answer. Scold the warrior to capture concubine Dong. The emperor said, “Madam Dong is pregnant in May. I hope you will meet me and feel sorry.” Cao said, “if it weren’t for the defeat of heaven, I would have been killed. How could I keep this girl again? It would be my future trouble!” The empress Fu said, “I will be demoted to the cold palace until I give birth. It is not too late to kill.” Cao said, “do you want to keep this rebellious species to avenge your mother?” Dong Fei sobbed and said, “beg for the whole body to die. Don’t make Zhanglu.” Take the white exercise order and practice it in front of you. The emperor sobbed and said to the imperial concubine, “don’t blame me for bowing when you are under the nine springs!” Words end, tears fall like rain. I cried after I fell down. Cao Nu said, “I am still a child!” The chivalrous warrior led him out and strangled him outside the palace gate. A later poem lamented that concubine Dong said, “it is useless to accept the kindness of the spring palace. The Dragon seed was injured and donated at the same time. It is difficult for the emperor to save her. The disciples who hide their faces look at the spring of tears.”

<!&# 8211; start–& gt; In fact, during the 20-year confrontation between Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty and Cao Cao, it was empress Fu who often gave him intimate advice, and concubine Dong did not participate much. However, for Cao Cao, since Dong Cheng has become his sworn enemy, of course, he can no longer allow a close relative of Dong Cheng to be around the emperor. As a result, because of Dong Cheng’s mistake, a noble imperial concubine died at the hands of the powerful officials. Not only is it useless to be pregnant in the womb, but even the emperor and Empress’ personal intercession has no effect. It can be said that it is extremely miserable. Even the crying farewells between husband and wife were scolded by Cao Cao as “childish” and severely insulted.

The demise of Dong was a sign that Cao Cao and Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty had completely turned over. Before that, although Cao Cao had dismissed Yang Biao and killed Zhao Yan and other ministers, his actions had deceived the monarch, but he had not broken away from the frame of power ministers, and Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty also maintained a superficial courtesy and respect for him. Now, the blood script and the imperial edict have been exposed, and the imperial concubines around the emperor have also been dragged out to kill. This fierce conflict even exceeded the era of DongZhuo (although DongZhuo also killed empress dowager he and the little emperor, it was all carried out after depriving them of their identity, and was not explicitly opposed by Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty), marking that the monarchs and ministers have completely entered a life and death period. The reason why Cao Cao did not immediately depose Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty was just to keep a fig leaf.

The title of this episode of the romance of the Three Kingdoms is called the murder of imperial concubines by national thieves, which can be regarded as a firm statement. The poor Dong Guifei made a blood sacrifice during the break.

In fact, as for the relationship between Dong Guifei and empress Fu, it would be a little jealous if two women were married. Dong and Fu are both national relatives. Fundamentally speaking, they also have the basis of competing for power and profit. Besides, Dong Cheng is a nephew of Empress Dowager Dong. He once served in dongzhuojun, and he has a ruthless temperament.

When Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty fled from the Li Guo rebellion, the two families also clashed. At that time, Li Guo was chased by random soldiers, and Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty fled on foot with officials and the harem. Empress Fu had several silks in her hands. Dongcheng even ordered his men to rob with knives. For this reason, he also killed empress Fu’s servants. The blood splashed on empress Fu’s clothes. Dong Chengtang, the supreme member of the Tang clan, actually killed people for robbing some cloth, which also shows the extent of the chaos at that time.

However, after the capital city was established, life gradually settled down. Although Dong Cheng was a courtier unwilling to be lonely, he was modest and prudent. More importantly, Cao Cao became the de facto ruler of the imperial government, constantly invading the authority of the emperor. In this case, Dong and Fu became comrades in arms in the trenches. Therefore, in the romance of the Three Kingdoms, it was empress Fu who suggested to Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty that Dong Cheng should come to kill Cao Cao. When Cao Cao wanted to kill Dong Guifei, empress Fu also tried to intercede for her. Of course, pleading is useless.

After the death of Dong Guifei, empress Fu must not feel that there is no “competitor” so relaxed, but a kind of sad state of mind. Cao Cao can kill Dong Guifei today. Why can’t he kill the queen tomorrow? What’s more, the imperial edict of Emperor Xian of Han Dynasty has been exposed. That is to say, as long as there is an idea, Cao Cao may depose or even kill the emperor at any time!

If among the national relatives, Dong Cheng was much more active than Fu Wan, then in the harem, empress Fu was much more active than concubine Dong. The two father and daughter seemed to concentrate on one of them. Since the death of dongchengzhi in the fifth year of Jian’an, empress Fu has been looking for an opportunity to get rid of the arrogant and bloodthirsty traitor Cao Cao.

As an unparalleled traitor, how could Cao Cao not know the thoughts of the men and women deep in the Han Palace? He is also on guard to protect himself from threats, while trying to control the situation to the extent that he can maintain his face.

In the 19th year of Jian’an (A.D. 214), a general outbreak of this situation occurred. The 66th chapter of the romance of the Three Kingdoms, empress Fu died for her country, describes it in detail.

Cao Cao was in his sixties and worried about the separatism of Liu Bei and Sun Quan. He became more and more angry and could not help showing his face to Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty. When Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty heard that Cao Cao wanted to call himself king of Wei, he would usurp the throne sooner or later. He was also worried and often cried with empress Fu.

Empress Fu volunteered to write a secret letter to her father Fu Wan, asking him to try to eliminate Cao Cao. Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty was worried about the outcome of Dong Cheng again. Empress Fu said with indignation, “it’s better to die early than to be on pins and needles all day long.” This strengthened the determination of Emperor Xian of Han Dynasty.

After the Dongcheng incident, Cao Cao strengthened his surveillance of Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty. It was very difficult for the relatives and ministers to see the emperor. Therefore, empress Fu found a loyal eunuch Mu Shun and asked him to secretly take his secret letter out of the Forbidden Palace and send it to Fu Wan’s house.

After reading empress Fu’s letter, Fu Wan came up with a plan: Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty issued a secret imperial edict, ordering Sun Quan in Jiangdong and Liu Bei in Xichuan to attack Cao Cao at the same time, making Cao Cao tired of running and going out to meet the enemy. Fu Wan then contacted the loyal officials in the court to start an attack, both inside and outside.

After coming up with a plan, Fu Wan wrote back and asked Mu Shun to take it back to the palace.

Objectively speaking, it was a good plan to subdue Cao. Compared with dongchengji’s desperate attempt to assassinate him, Sun Quan and Liu Bei just hit Cao Cao’s weakness. However, it’s too pedantic to discuss such a big event in the imperial city and write frequently.

When Mu Shun left the palace, Cao Cao’s spies found him. When Mu Shun returned, Cao Cao himself waited outside the palace gate to search Mu Shun. Although Mu Shun is loyal, he has not received professional spy training after all. His secret letter was hidden in his hair. It was hard to avoid being cautious about his hat. As a result, Cao Cao saw through it and found the whole letter.

<!&# 8211; start–& gt; At this moment, the schemes of the Fu family and their daughter were completely exposed.

Cao Cao was furious: unexpectedly, you will follow Dong’s example! He called up 3000 soldiers overnight, took down all the people in the Fuwan family, and found the autographed book written by Empress Fu

Letter. The next day, he ordered general Yulin to lead his troops into the palace and collect the seal ribbon of the empress Fu. Next, a farce worse than the killing of Dong Guifei was staged again:

On that day, when the emperor was in the outer hall, he saw Chi Xie leading threehundred soldiers straight in. The emperor asked, “what’s the matter?” Worry said, “I received the Queen’s seal as ordered by the Duke of Wei.” The emperor’s conscience is broken because he has let things out. When you reach the harem, you will rise behind you. Then he called the people in charge of the seal to ask for the jade seal. It is convenient to hide in the walls of the pepper room behind the hall. Shaoqing, the minister ordered Hua Xin to bring 500 soldiers into the back hall and asked the palace people: where is the empress Fu? No one in the palace knows. Xin teaches a soldier to open Zhu Hu and find him; The material was in the wall, so he drank the warriors to break through the wall and search. Xin Qin automatically pulls out the back bun by hand. Later he said, “please save my life!” Xin chided and said, “you have seen the prosecution of Wei!” With his hair and feet bared behind him, the second class soldiers pushed out.

And said that Hua Xin would embrace the outer hall. When the emperor saw it, he went down to the temple and wept. Xin said: “Wei Gongming, you can go quickly!” Later, the emperor cried and said, “can’t you come back to life?” The emperor said, “I don’t know when I will die!” The emperor beat his chest and mourned. Seeing Chi worry at his side, the emperor said, “Chi Gong! It’s better to have something in the world!” Cry to the ground. Xi Lei ordered him to help the emperor into the palace. Hua Xin will see Cao after he is subdued. Cao scolded, “I treat you sincerely. You want to harm me! If I don’t kill you, you will kill me!” Drink left and right and beat them to death. Then he entered the palace and killed the two sons born to empress Fu with poison. That night, more than 200 clans including Fu Wan and mushun were killed in the city. The people of the government and the people of the people are all appalled. In November of the 19th year of Jian’an. Later generations wrote a poem that said, “Cao concealed the cruelty that is not found in the world. What do you want to do after subduing loyalty and righteousness? The poor separation between the emperor and Empress is not as good as a folk woman and husband!”

According to the ethics of feudal society, monarchs and subjects are like father and son, and the queen is the mother of a country. Now he was dragged out by his hair from the interlayer of the wall and begged the Minister for mercy, but he was also rejected. Such a disgrace is worse than death. This story is also the peak of the confrontation between Han and Wei in the romance of the Three Kingdoms. Cao Cao’s cruel killing of the empress Fu is not only a courtesy of no ministers, but also has reached a heinous level. Hua Xin, who was directly involved in this incident, even though he had made great achievements as an official, became the object of everyone’s spitting. Even Zhou Dahuang’s “anti romance of the Three Kingdoms” had to give him a very tragic end.

The fate of Hua Xin

Hua Xin, who was praised as a famous official in the annals of the Three Kingdoms, was denounced by later generations for his participation in the killing of empress Fu and his extremely impolite and domineering behavior. In the romance of the Three Kingdoms, Zhou Dahuang specially designed a very cruel death method for him: he was caught by Ma Chao, sliced meat from his legs, and baked it alive with dipping sauce.

However, the narration of this story in the romance of the Three Kingdoms is still a mixture of true and false.

Fake is the plot of the previous design.

As a matter of fact, Fu Wan, the father of empress Fu, is different from Dong Cheng, the father of imperial concubine Dong. He has always been cautious and used to forbearance. He will not take the lead to fight for power and profit, nor will he take the lead to destroy the traitors. As long as he honestly keeps his family and life.

In history, it is true that empress Fu wrote a letter to her father to kill Cao Cao. But this happened not in the 19th year of Jian’an, but in the 5th year of Jian’an. Most of the time, Cao Cao broke into the queen and killed lady Dong. The ministers outside couldn’t see all kinds of ferocious gestures. Empress Fu witnessed all this around Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty. She was very sad and angry. She immediately wrote to her father Fu wan to tell him about it, hoping that his father would devise a plan to get rid of Cao Cao.

However, Fu Wan is an honest man. He thought, even Dong Cheng has been killed by Cao Cao. Where am I a lie’s opponent? Therefore, after receiving the letter, Fu finished reading it and never dared to take action. This is understandable. From the standpoint of “anti Cao party”, Liu Bei started his army in Xuzhou at the beginning of the fifth year of Jian’an and Yuan Shao went south from Hebei, which was the most dangerous time in Cao Cao’s life and a great opportunity for action. Less than a year later, Cao Cao defeated Yuan Shao in the battle of Guandu and became the most powerful warlord in the world. At that time, if he came out against Cao Cao again, his chances of winning were slim. Fu Wan couldn’t see the truth, so he put his daughter’s letter aside.

In this way, it took nine years from the fifth year of Jian’an to the fourteenth year of Jian’an, when the empress Fu wrote a letter. Until he died of illness, the uncle of the state stood still like a shrinking turtle, but he also saved the year of heaven.

However, after the death of Fu Wan, five years later, in the 19th year of Jian’an, the plot of the first empress Fu was leaked!

It is said that it has been more than ten years since the queen wrote a letter. Even if there are witnesses, there is no need to deliberately turn over old accounts. Well, it is very likely that Fu Wan neither took action nor destroyed his daughter’s handwritten letter. As a result, the letter fell into Cao Cao’s hands because of accidental coincidence such as cleaning up documents and selling furniture years later!

It seems that Fu Wan is not only cautious and slow, but also quite careless. Such a deadly thing is still kept as a treasure. I wonder if we are going to show our descendants that we should honor our ancestors?

<!&# 8211; start–& gt; The following plot is similar to the narration in the romance of the Three Kingdoms. When Cao Cao learned of this, he became furious, deposed empress Fu, killed her, and beheaded more than 100 people of the Fu family. Hua Xin dragged the empress Fu out of the interlayer of the wall when he entered the palace, and the mourning of Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty are basically true portraits. Of course, after he had been dead for several years, it was too late for Cao Cao to cut off his head.

Concubine Dong and empress Fu were killed by Cao Cao. Together with the three children they were pregnant with and gave birth to, they were also buried. The couples in the late imperial family may not catch up with the folk couples.

The imperial concubine died and the queen died. Isn’t Emperor Xian of Han Dynasty alone? Don’t worry, a woman will come to your door.

It is Cao Cao who does this good.

It turned out that in the 18th year of Jian’an (A.D. 213), brother Cao, who was lusty, wanted to subdue the queen. He was already in his thirties. I was afraid that he was old and lusty. For the happiness of the emperor, he married his daughter to the palace. Brother Cao has the style of an outsider. There are three when he marries: his eldest daughter Caoxian, his second daughter Caojie, and his youngest daughter CaoHua.

After all, they were the daughters of the prime minister. As soon as the three beauties entered the palace, they were called “madam”. The next year, he was honored as a “noble man”. Soon, empress Fu was killed by Cao Cao, and there must be no mother in the country. So, two months later, in January of the 20th year of Jian’an, Cao Cao’s daughter was made the new queen.

Generally speaking, if several sisters marry the same husband, it should be that the elder sister is positive and the younger sister is biased. However, among the three sisters of the Cao family, the queen was not the eldest sister Cao Xian, but the second sister Cao Jie.

This was probably the idea of Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty.

The blind can see the purpose of Cao Cao’s marrying his three daughters into the palace. Now that empress Fu has been killed, the new queen of course has to choose from them. However, it is inevitable to establish Cao as the empress. Do I always have the right to choose which Cao to set up?

So Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty determined the Cao Festival. The reason is not that Cao Jie is more beautiful, but that Cao Jie is more congenial to him.

As the saying goes, “girls are extroverts”, the married daughter is from another family after all. Although this is the product of the patriarchal custom in the feudal era, it is often quite practical. As the daughter of Cao Cao, Cao Jie inherited from her father a resolute, decisive, and aggressive temperament. After she married a woman, she poured sympathy and warmth into the wise, but constrained by potential, and frustrated Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty in the deep palace.

As a daughter, she is faced with the situation that her father is dictatorial and bullying her husband. It is certainly impossible for her to reconcile the two contradictions. She could only comfort her husband in the deep palace and share the unpredictable and difficult destiny with him.

Therefore, it is not surprising that Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty chose her as the new queen.

In the 25th year of Jian’an (AD 220), Cao Cao died of illness, and his son Cao Pi was finally ready to usurp the Han Dynasty and stand on his own feet.

At this time, among the civil and military forces of the Manchu Dynasty, those loyal to the Han Dynasty had been wiped out, and the rest were all Cao’s party. Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty was completely a fish in the middle of the river, helpless and helpless. Facing the pressure of Cao Pi, Emperor Xian of Han Dynasty could only tremble.

Only empress Cao Jie stood up and defended her husband and the last dignity of the Eastern Han Dynasty with her delicate body in the face of her brother’s pressing step by step.

The romance of the Three Kingdoms describes that the emperor was afraid to go out. Empress Cao said, “all officials asked your majesty to set up a court. Why did your majesty push back?” The emperor sobbed and said, “your brother wants to usurp the throne, so I can’t force all the officials to do so.” Empress Cao was very angry and said, “my brother, why did you go against this?” Before he could speak, Cao Hong and Cao Xiu came in with swords and asked the emperor to leave the hall. Empress Cao cursed and said, “you are all bandits who want to be rich and noble. They have conspired against each other! My father’s skill covers the whole region and is powerful all over the world. However, he does not dare to steal artifacts. Now my brother has only a few successors. He often wants to usurp the Han Dynasty. The emperor will not leave you!” After that, he wept bitterly into the palace. The waiters on the left and right all shed tears.

In the world, Cao Jie was the only one who could scold Cao Pi like this on the land of the state of Wei. According to the book of the later Han Dynasty, Cao Pi sent people to ask Cao Jie for the seal ribbon, but Cao Jie resolutely refused to give it at first. Later, when he was pressed, an emissary came to him. He first scolded Cao Pi and others, and then threw the jade seal on the steps. “You can’t look up to either side.”.

After the establishment of the state of Wei, the Eastern Han Dynasty became history. Emperor Xian of Han, Liu Xie, retired from the political puppet stage and was granted the title of “Lord Shanyang” by Cao Pi. He enjoyed his own desolation in prosperity. Cao Jie also accompanied his husband in the name of “Lady Shanyang”.

In 234 ad, Liu Xie died. Cao Jie saw off his husband who had been with him for more than 20 years and continued his more lonely life until the first year of Jingyuan (AD 260), when he died at an old age. At this time, it was the end of the Three Kingdoms period. Cao Huan, the last emperor of Cao Wei, was in power. His regime had already fallen into Sima’s hands.

<!&# 8211; start–& gt; For more than 40 years after his abdication, Cao Jie’s chariots, horses, clothes and etiquette adhered to the system of the Han Dynasty and refused to recognize the Cao Wei regime established by her brother. This is quite similar to the Empress Dowager Wang Zhengjun when the Western Han dynasty fell. After her death, she was posthumously titled “empress Xian Mu”. His posthumous title is Fayun: Bude holds righteousness and is called mu. Cao Jie really deserves it.

Wangzhengjun (71 B.C. – 13 A.D.) was the queen of the Yuan emperor of the Western Han Dynasty and the mother of emperor Cheng. She presided over the imperial palace of the Western Han Dynasty for decades. Because she was old and confused, her nephew Wang Mang usurped the territory of the Han Dynasty and established a new dynasty. Wang Mang has always been very considerate and filial to his aunt wangzhengjun, but wangzhengjun doesn’t buy his account. When Wang Mang sent for the seal, Wang Zhengjun smashed the seal on the ground and broke a corner. Later, Wang Mang became emperor. Wangzhengjun, on the other hand, led his servants to live in the palace where he lived. He still lived according to the calendar and etiquette of the Han Dynasty, guarding a little faith in her heart.

The depth of Cao Jie’s relationship with Emperor Xian of Han Dynasty can not be seen from the few historical records. However, when the whole court fell to the Wei Dynasty, only she stood up and never humiliated the prestige of “mother Yi world”. Of course, this kind of boldness is closely related to her being the daughter of Cao Cao and not being trusted by Cao Wei. Besides, she didn’t try her best to get rid of the important people in the Wei dynasty like empress Fu. She just stood up and scolded a few words, being honest and upright.

Thanks to Cao Jie’s last reserve and integrity, Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty did not lose face in abdication.

If among Cao Cao’s sons and daughters, Cao Pi inherited his ambition and ruthlessness, Cao Zhang inherited his military service, Cao Zhi inherited his romance, and Cao Chong inherited his wisdom, Cao Jie inherited his blood and loyalty in his youth.

Cao Jie, the empress of the Han Dynasty, is the daughter of Cao Cao, the general of the Han expedition to the West. Although this kind of well deserved, it can only add a bit of sadness and pride to the curtain of the Eastern Han Dynasty.

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