Communists and communists!

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Source: trendy Meditations (id:xinchaochensi)

Author: liumenglong

Today is July 1st, and it is also the day when many new party members join the party. No matter what the motivation of joining the party is, you should know how to be a communist when you enter the party.

Communists and communists are not exactly the same concept. The former is more an advocate of theory and social propositions, while the latter emphasizes being a member of a party group organization. Generally speaking, the latter claims to be the former, so let’s talk about what a Communist is first.

It is not easy to be a real communist. He is essentially an outstanding scholar and revolutionary, with great power in both thought and action. The pioneers of socialist theory such as marnlesmao established a complete set of theoretical propositions, which included our familiar values, world outlook and outlook on life under the marnlesmao system. They had their own complete political, economic and social ideas and advocated putting them into practice. However, Lenin’s personal anthology alone has more than 20 million words. It is difficult to understand such an all inclusive theoretical system without scholarly research. Communist leaders in the last century generally have a strong academic temperament. Even if ordinary people tend to be as tough as steel, Stalin also won the victory of the inner-party debate, and Mao Zedong has always shown himself as the king of philosophy.


Whether it is the Communist Party of the Soviet Union or the Communist Party of China, in the early stage, it often used the form of inner-party debate to solve the theoretical line differences, which is the product of this legacy. But it is not enough to just advocate, social practice is a more important link. Lenin founded a Leninist socialist party and perfected it through the socialist leaders of various countries in the 20th century, so that socialism in the primary stage of communism has become an important line of national development practice from a simple theoretical proposition. This has realized the transformation from Sharon revolutionaries to national construction and managers, and the concept of Communists has really emerged.

But of course, it has problems, especially in the relatively backward countries with relatively weak state machinery where the socialist revolution was generally successful in the 20th century. This brings about a problem. The salon revolutionary scholar elite party in the late 19th century is doomed to have insufficient ability to manage such a huge country. We should admit this. It is impossible for everyone to be a manes Mao. In those countries where the literacy rate is very limited, such elite party members can be met but not sought.

In the process of the practice of the socialist revolution, the class differences of Party theorists, elite bureaucrats and ordinary Party members naturally formed. So what are ordinary Party members? Based on the reality of social development, ordinary Party members are more the recipients of conclusions. This conclusion is a set of socialist theoretical system that has been summarized and simplified by Party theorists, and is often localized and easy to understand. But even ordinary Party members can also be Communists. He still agrees with this set of theories through his own thinking and practice, agrees with the social practice of this set of theories, and is ready to put it into practice.

It should be admitted that most party members cannot have the same profound understanding of party theory as theorists. However, with the popularization of contemporary education, a primary communist or an advocate has at least Communist values, world outlook and outlook on life, has his own political and economic propositions, understands the history and development of communism, has a minimum understanding of the theory of communism, and absorbs its nutrition through continuous in-depth study.

For example, even if you are not familiar with the Feuerbach programme and anti dullIn theory, you can at least retell the symbolic documents such as the Communist Manifesto more completely, understand the basic views of materialism and use them skillfully. Similarly, a communist with basic qualities at least has a minimum understanding of the different theoretical factions emerging in the development of socialism, advocates a general understanding of Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought and other mainstream factions, and will not make a fuss about hochaism, Social Democrats, Trotskyism and others.


A communist emphasized here, if we say that a good man, no matter how much he loves his job, selfless dedication, is willing to help others, and how many outstanding moral or disciplinary performances, we can not say that he is a communist. Fundamentally speaking, a Communist is a political and economic proposition. He is a person who has his own theoretical proposition, arms his mind with communist thought, keeps learning deeply, and puts it into practice. All his actions are with strong initiative.

A Communist Party member, to a large extent, is an organizational identity, and his behavior emphasizes the constraints of discipline and program, which is more or less passive. As we said before, when the early socialist parties seized power, they inevitably faced the problem of governance. In this practice, socialist political parties generally play a vanguard and core role, and its members are communists.

A Leninist Party is different from the loose parliamentary party in the West. Its starting point is a strong motivation to seize power. It is both a political power with strong organizational discipline. Every individual is strongly constrained, has its own complete organizational structure and strict upper and lower systems, and can effectively operate and expand itself. But almost all socialist political parties are faced with such problems. In the process of seizing and defending political power, simple socialist ideas have to be combined with nationalism, patriotism and other ideas. Therefore, on the day of its victory, its interior was already full of a large number of elites and followers of the old system and even speculators with different ideas. By this time, it has simply developed from a theoretical faction with similar aspirations to a political identity, which in turn means political power.

In order to deal with this situation, every socialist party that has mastered the political power instinctively attempts to realize the reunification of ideas, and complete the transformation through re education and re training within the party. However, in objective practice, this process is generally not smooth. As Lenin said, we drove the bureaucrats out of the door, and they climbed in through the window. For those participants with different motives, the socialist parties as the ruling party generally lack the power of rejection, and their transformation ability is relatively limited. This seems to be a dilution process, and dilution to a certain extent means deterioration.


In this case, Party members, as a kind of political identity, are more essentially the secondary screening of the ruling class. In this process, political propositions are a part, but with the development of time, the continuous expansion of the ruling machine is not the most important part. The key is to use a more reliable and concise set of horses as the node of a larger ruling machine through secondary screening. This is a kind of dual control, forming a ruling mechanism with universality, relative independence and flexibility, which is easy to turn at any time outside the inherent rules. And becoming a party member is only preliminary. Only through work and practice, with the improvement of Party members’ status in the party, and through continuous education and heavy assessment, can we finally become recognized as a communist and a member of the party elite.

Of course, this mechanism is not once and for all. It also faces hidden dangers. That is, with the close integration of the party organization and the administrative machinery, it is inevitable to face bureaucracy and corruption. Although through the dual constraints of family law and national law, every Socialist Party strives to fight this trend through the self purification movement. But in the long run, this kind of self-cleaning is very difficult. Especially with the growth of the ruling time, the whole national machine is inevitably becoming increasingly bureaucratic, and the team of the ruling party is inevitably bloated. After all, this itself is a system that can only enter and leave. Although there is a self withdrawal mechanism in theory, this mechanism is unrealistic under the ruling system, and passive withdrawal can cure corruption, but it can not effectively cure mediocrity and ideological alienation.

Because of this accumulation over time, regular strong rectification and self-cleaning are often inevitable. This kind of sports approach is not only a last resort, but also has advantages and disadvantages. So far, it is still controversial.

Of course, these two identities are not contradictory, especially in socialist countries, the two are often organically unified. But if we can’t realize that the two are not the same concept, we will inevitably have the problem of drifting with the tide and confusion of consciousness. Especially in such an era, it is undeniable that since the 1980s, the tide of world communism has reached a low point. Great figures with both theory and practice, such as Lenin and Luxembourg, are no longer emerging. Socialist countries such as the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe have changed their colors. Capitalist powers are unprecedentedly strong. Communist theory has fallen into an untimely stagnation and has encountered challenges in the face of the new development of the times.


However, with the development of time, it has been proved that this is only a short trough. The worldwide economic problems have not disappeared with the elimination of the Soviet Union, and the huge economic crisis has only been postponed. As a wandering ghost, the ideological trend of communism in the majority of developed countries is far from being eliminated, although it no longer appears as a complete system and a Leninist revolutionary party.

With the intensification of global contradictions, some countries inevitably turn to the right and try to deal with the crisis through nationalism and extremism. However, like the two world wars, every major capitalist social crisis is a hotbed of communism. We have every reason to believe that after Lenin, Stalin, Mao Zedong and others, a new round of theoretical breakthroughs and theoretical practice will emerge in the near future, and human progress will not stop there.

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