841 B.C. was the port year of Chinese faith in history. From this year, China had faith in history, and the history had written records, and there was no interruption. At the same time, from this year, the Zhou Dynasty began 14 years of Republican politics, and then restored the original state of imperial politics.
The Zhou Dynasty was the first dynasty to believe in history in Chinese history. Mr. Baiyang wrote in the chronology of Chinese History: “in this century, the Zhou Dynasty’s Haojing (now Xi’an, Shaanxi) was captured by barbarians. After burning and looting, the capital had to be moved to Luoyang, and authority could not be restored.” Which was the barbarian nationality that led to the relocation of the capital of the most powerful and powerful Dynasty in China at that time?
Mr. Baiyang was obviously confused, and the famous historian huangrenzi expressed similar confusion in the great history of China: “the existing data can not enable us to determine the origin of the Zhou nationality. A short legend left by them, like the traditions of other primitive nationalities, is full of myths and fantasies, but this legend constantly mentions agriculture.” If it is said that the original people of Zhou Dynasty came from the Rong tribe on the Northwest Loess Plateau, this view is still somewhat vague and even is accused of being untenable, then the “barbarians” who exterminated the Western Zhou Dynasty were Rong (a race that is easy to be ignored by Chinese people) who galloped around Ningxia, Shaanxi and Gansu for 2000 years, but it has enough historical evidence.
“At that time, you were very young, and everyone said you were beautiful. Now, I’m here to tell you that for me, I think you are more beautiful than when you were young. At that time, you were a young woman. Compared with your face at that time, I love your face now devastated.” The opening remarks of Margaret Duras in the book lover are very suitable for people to think of Rong, an ancient ethnic group that was active in Liupan Mountain Area in Southern Ningxia 4000 years ago.
Around the 21st century BC, when the Xia Dynasty, the first slavery country in Chinese history, appeared, the clan organizations of the ancient residents living in the northwest also changed, the clan tribes linked by blood relations gradually disappeared, and the small country linked by geographical relations began to emerge. The Ji tribe living in the Jingshui River Basin in Southern Ningxia grew stronger and formed an alliance with the Jiang tribe, which happened to be in the transitional period from nomadic life to agricultural life.
In the 13th generation of the alliance tribe, Gu Gonghe, who was in power, had to move eastward and settled in Zhouyuan, south of Qishan mountain, Shaanxi Province, because he could not resist years of harassment from Rong Di, who lived in the north. They built city walls there, abandoned the military and di customs that seemed rude to them, and established the Fang state named after Zhou. Gu Gongyu’s father led his people to move eastward, achieving two major events: first, he established the last dynasty of slavery in Chinese history, and second, he completely ceded the territory of Ji Jiang alliance to Rong di (this concession sowed the seeds for the later destruction of the Western Zhou Dynasty).
The alliance formed by the Dirong ethnic group in the war to drive away the ancient Gongyu father soon broke up, and started a competition here, gradually forming a mixed farming and animal husbandry ethnic group in the north in the Yin and Zhou Dynasties (not a horse riding nomadic ethnic group like the later Xiongnu). Finally, the Rong people defeated the Di people with absolute superiority. Some Di people retreated to the north and occupied the northern Ningxia and Hetao area. The other Di people surrendered and mixed with the Rong people.
In the 2000 year history of dominating China, Rong divided into different ethnic groups, among which Yi qurong had a major impact on Chinese history. Like other Rong people, this small country was a barbaric and animal like people in the orthodox vision of the Xia, Shang and Wednesday dynasties. Therefore, from the oracle bone inscriptions period, the area where they lived was recorded as “ghost Fang”. In the historical records, they were also called “dog Rong”, a person as humble as a dog.
Although Rong played an important role in the rise of Zhou Dynasty and the process of seizing power from the Yin Dynasty, their bravery and aggression had always been the heart disease of the Western Zhou Dynasty. From King Mu to King Xuan, they had sent troops to attack the Yi Qu warlords for many times. The wartime and peace of both sides ran through the whole Zhou Dynasty. From the 39th year to the 40th year of King xuanwang of Zhou Dynasty, the war between the Zhou Dynasty and Yiqu zhurong ended in the failure of the Zhou Dynasty. The Zhou Dynasty settled the five Rong in Qingyang, Gansu, and Guyuan, Ningxia, while the Yiqu Rong among the five Rong mainly stayed in today’s Liupanshan, Ningxia.
In the Western Zhou Dynasty, Jiang Ziya, a famous counselor and important minister, knew that the Rong tribe was good at fighting, so he suggested that King Wen of the Zhou Dynasty make effective use of it and send Nangong Shi, a senior general, to the Rong tribe with countless beautiful women, exquisite bronzes, fine wines and specialties produced in the Zhou Dynasty. In fact, Nangong Shi’s trip was not simply to please Rong tribal leaders, but to exchange for the chariots made by Rong people.
The dense forests around Liupan Mountain contributed to the fact that Rong people were good at building houses and making cars with wood. In Chinese history, the emergence of bronze ware and chariots was a great leap, The famous historian xuzhuoyun wrote in the section “the dawn of Chinese culture” in the “wangujiang River – the turning point and development of Chinese history and culture”: “The use of bronze and cars has led to very significant and far-reaching changes in the Chinese cultural circle. Between the two, the emergence of bronze is more traceable; the exact time when China began to use cars has not yet been found in archaeology. However, the information of these two important inventions may have entered China at the same time, and may have been indirectly transmitted through the traffic routes on the grasslands of Central Asia and Inner Asia.”
From the historical fact that Jiang Ziya sent people to the Rong people for chariots, the Rong people made chariots earlier and more advanced than the Zhou people. Nangongshi was the first envoy from the Central Plains to the Rong tribal areas in the current written records. He introduced the chariot to the Zhou Dynasty, which played a positive role in the establishment of the Western Zhou regime and was also the beginning of the chariot’s move towards China’s military history.
The repair of both sides brought relatively stable development to the people of yiqurong and accelerated the establishment of the Western Zhou Dynasty. However, throughout the Zhou Dynasty, the people of yiqurong never gave up looking for opportunities for military expansion. They were like a war knife that had not rusted in twothousand years. They crossed the sky curtain in Northwest China at that time. The most dazzling stroke was to kill the king you of Zhou, who was famous in history for winning praise and laughter by “playing with princes in the war”, and take this as a sign to end the rule of the Western Zhou Dynasty.
According to the records of history, the beauty Baosi has never laughed since he entered the harem of the Zhou Dynasty. King Youwang of Zhou used various methods to no avail. In order to win the beauty’s smile, king you of Zhou ordered a reward. Who can make the queen laugh, a reward of onethousand. At last, a minister beside you Wang came up with an idea called “war fire plays Princes”.