Five tiger general Guan Yu was originally Feng?

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Portrait of Guan Yu

Mao Zedong said that Guan Yu’s original surname was Feng, meaning “Guan” as his surname. A cultural researcher surnamed Feng and related books are also known as Guan Yu, whose original name was Feng Xian.

The reporter inquired about the official history and did not find the specific origin of Guan Yu.

However, cultural researchers of the surname Guan quoted inscriptions and other words, saying that Guan Yu was originally surnamed Guan and his father was Guan Yi. The civil dispute over Guan Yu’s surname is the recognition of Guan Yu’s cultural symbols.

Henan Business Daily reporter zhangjunrui

Refers to Guan as the surname

Guan Yu’s real name is Feng Xian?

Mao Zedong believed that Guan Yu did not actually have a surname of Guan. Guan Yu meant Guan as his surname. His original surname was Feng and his name was Xian.

In 1954, Mao Zedong strolled through Jiuxi and Shiba streams in Hangzhou and told Wang Fang, the director of Zhejiang Provincial Public Security Bureau, the story of Guan Yu who was not surnamed Guan.

Guan Yu was chivalrous and courageous since he was young. He once defended his friend against injustice and killed someone in his hometown. Knowing that the murder was to be prosecuted, he immediately escaped and planned to leave Tongguan to get rid of the government’s pursuit. When he came to Tongguan, it was less than five o’clock, and the door was closed. When it was time to switch on and off, he was worried again. At that time, the government had a rule that all those who passed the customs must register.

What about this? If you give out your real name, you’ll have to show your feet. That’s amazing. Seeing that it was his turn, he looked anxiously at Gao Dasen’s strict door closing, and suddenly had an inspiration: why don’t you just say your last name is Guan before closing the door. This is the origin of Guan as the surname.

Mao Zedong told this story not only to Wang Fang, but also to the famous historian zhougucheng.

Therefore, hushangyuan said in his book “figures of the Three Kingdoms in Mao Zedong’s eyes (Part 2)” “Mao Zedong has made a very in-depth study of Guan Yu. Even some experts and scholars have not noticed the story he told about Guan Yu, who is not surnamed Guan.”

Statement basis

Guan Yu’s surname was Feng. The expert found the evidence

Fengrenhong, a cultural researcher surnamed Feng, enriched the origin of Guan Yu’s name in his book the origin of the Chinese Feng family. When Guan Yu fled to Tongguan, he broke his nose, smeared blood on his face and pretended to be crazy. When the guard interrogated him, he was quick witted and referred to “Guan” as his surname. Looking up at the birds in the air, there were feathers falling, so it was named “feather”.

This statement that “Guan Yu’s original name is Fengxian, referring to Guan as his surname” is also recorded in the Chinese history of Feng by Feng bang.

Not only that, the reporter of Henan business daily visited a cultural researcher surnamed Feng, and many people put forward this idea. Fenghaijun, chairman of the Feng surname Committee of the Henan Surname Culture Research Association, also specially ordered: “Guan Yu was originally surnamed Feng, and this is recorded.” What book is it recorded in?

The reporter of Henan Business Daily found that according to the notes on returning to the field written by Liang Zhangju, a scholar in the Qing Dynasty, Guan Yu didn’t originally have the surname Guan. When he came to Tongguan, he referred to Guan as his surname, and then began to take the surname Guan. In the Qing Dynasty opera anthology Qingyin Xiaoji, it is said that Guan Yu’s surname is Feng Mingxian, and the word Shou Chang. In the textual research of ancient Chinese historical novels, there are also relevant records of “Guan Yu’s original surname is Feng”.

Search Baidu for “what is Guan Yu’s surname?” the reporter of Henan Business Daily found that most of the search results were “Guan Yu’s original surname is Feng”.

Cultural symbols

Descendants of Guan Yu: Guan Yu surname Guan Bu surname Feng

The earlier historical materials cited by the researchers of Guan Gong culture inquired by the reporter of Henan business daily are family tombstones unearthed during the Kangxi period of the Qing Dynasty.

According to the record of the tombstone of the Marquis of guanhou, the Taoist priest (Yu Zu Guan Shen) had a good attitude towards Mu and often taught his son in the book of changes and the spring and Autumn Annals There are also a large number of articles quoting the epitaph of sacrificing Tian and the tombstone of former general Guan Zhuang and Marquis mu, saying that Guan Yu’s father was Guan Yi, the son of Guan Shen.

According to the researchers of the Guangong Culture Research Association of Shanxi Province, Guan Yu was taught to read the spring and Autumn Annals by his father Guan Yi, who was not surnamed Feng.

Guanzhijie, who participated in the establishment of several Guangong culture websites, said that according to the genealogical data, he was a descendant of Guan Yu. He also believed that Guan Yu’s surname was Guan, not Feng.

In fact, it is not only that, because Guan Yu’s family background is not stated in the official history, various versions of analysis have appeared in folklore, drama and unofficial history. In Beijing opera, it is also said that “Guan Yu’s original surname is Hu”.

Guandi was a god worshipped by Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism and even folk customs. Guanzhijie said that the uncertainty of historical data triggered various conjectures, but it was more about the recognition of Guanyu’s cultural symbols.

Other sources

Sima changed his surname and Xianbei followed Feng

“The line does not change its name and the seat does not change its surname”, but in history, it is not uncommon for people to change their surnames.

In addition to the descendants of Feng Yi, Feng Jianzi, Feng Changqing and Feng’s County Hall, other families changed their surnames because of changing dynasties, avoiding taboo names and avoiding disasters.

The Northern Wei Dynasty vigorously promoted the Sinicization reform. In the surname reform, the descendants of the Tuoba tribe of Xianbei were first sinicized into “Feng Yi”, then simplified into a single surname Feng, and gradually integrated into the Han nationality.

Sima Qian was punished by Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty for being implicated in the “Li Ling case”. His two sons were forced to change their surnames in order to preserve the family. Sima Lin, the eldest son, added two dots to the left of the word “horse”, surnamed Feng; The second son Sima Guan added a vertical to the left of the word “Si” with the same surname. For thousands of years, Feng and people with the same surname have maintained the custom of offering sacrifices to the same ancestor and not intermarrying with each other, because they are one family.

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