Song tombs are distributed in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province and Gongyi, Henan Province. The mausoleum area in Gongyi, Henan Province is the “eight tombs” of the Northern Song Dynasty and a large number of empresses’ tombs, Royal relatives, relatives and ministers’ tombs. The mausoleum area in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province is the tombs of six emperors and several queens of the Southern Song Dynasty, known as the “six tombs of the Southern Song Dynasty”.
Kaifeng, Henan Province, was the capital of the Northern Song Dynasty, but the mausoleum area was located in Gong county, far away from the capital Bianliang. The main reason was that the landscape here was beautiful, the soil quality was good, and the water level was low. It was suitable for digging tombs and burying heavily. The mausoleum area has Songyue mountain in the South and the Yellow River in the north. It can be said that “the head rests on the Yellow River and the foot pedals Songyue mountain”. It is regarded as an auspicious place by Feng Shui scholars for “high mountains and high waters”. Zhaoyanwei once described this in his “money at the foot of the clouds”:
The seven (eight) mausoleums are located in the north of Songshan Mountain and the south of Luoshui river. Although there are mounds and mounds, they are not very high, and they are in a mutual situation. From the west slope of Yong’an County, the three mausoleums of Yong’an, yong’chang and yong’xi are in Pingchuan, Berlin is like weaving, Wan’an mountain comes to the dynasty, and the distance is less than song. The three mausoleums are close to Berlin, with the horizon like a palm, covering an area of 113 hectares and twelve miles.
The above three mausoleums of Yong’an mausoleum, Yongchang mausoleum and Yongxi mausoleum have good feng shui, but the feng shui of Yongding mausoleum, that is, the mausoleum of zhaoheng, Emperor Zhenzong of the Song Dynasty, is poor. As for the reason for the subjugation of the Northern Song Dynasty, there is a saying that it is due to the bad feng shui of the mausoleum of emperor Zhenzong of the Song Dynasty. According to the records in Chunzhu chronicle by he Xuan of the Song Dynasty, xurenwang, a native of Baiyun Mountain in Xinzhou (now the northwest of Shangrao County, Jiangxi Province), once made a statement and discussed with Prime Minister Ding Jingong (Ding Wei) about the relocation of Yongding Mausoleum (that is, the mausoleum of song Zhenzong). In the first year of Ganxing (A.D. 1022), Duke Ding, who was in charge of the Mausoleum (the mausoleum used to refer to the tomb of the emperor), did not listen to the words of feng shui master xurenwang. He stubbornly decided to locate the tomb of Zhenzong behind Niutou mountain. Xurenwang advocated using the land in front of Niutou mountain, while Ding Jingong insisted on using the land behind Niutou mountain, and no replacement is allowed.
Xurenwang once asked to put himself under house arrest in Dali Temple (Dali temple is the place of justice, and the Minister of Dali temple is the official of the three grades). After three years, he can verify who is right and who is wrong, but he still can not change Ding Jinggong’s wrong practice. At that time, xurenwang stated in the above table the harm of “the back of the mountain”: “the Kun river flows continuously, and the disaster is in the year of Bingwu; the Ding wind blows directly, and the disaster is in the end of the year, and the state is on fire, and the counties are stealing.” As expected, the Jin army broke the capital Kaifeng in the first year of Jingkang (1126 AD). In the year of Dingwei (the first year of Jianyan, 1127 AD), Huizong and qinzong of song were captured by Jin soldiers, and the Northern Song Dynasty perished. As a result of the war, there were many fires in the counties, and about half of the country became a bandit infested area. According to historical records, in the late Ding Dynasty, “the counties were still burning like a disaster, and half of the territory was a bandit area.” Xurenwang’s prophecy came true.