Gu Kuang and maids in waiting in ancient love stories: talk about a leaf and send it to a lover

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Throughout the ages, love has been a popular topic among the people, and literary works praising love have emerged in endlessly. But most of them are love tragedies, and few of them end in comedies. Today, the Xiaobian of China story network will bring you a love story about Gu Kuang and the palace maid. Interested readers can follow the Xiaobian to have a look.

The most famous allusion Gu Kuang left in Tang poetry is the story of the so-called “red leaves convey love”, which has been read so far, and is particularly magnificent and touching.


We all know Yuanzhen’s poem: “when the ancient palace is scattered, the palace flowers are lonely and red. The white headed palace maids are sitting around talking about Xuanzong.” During the reign of Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty, the haggard and lonely palace maids made them yearn for life outside the palace wall. At that time, red leaves followed the imperial water to the outside of the palace. Therefore, a palace maiden wrote a poem on the leaves: “once you enter the deep palace, you don’t see spring every year. Talk about a leaf and send it to a lover.”

At this time, Gu Kuang and three poetry friends happened to see each other in the garden, so they wrote a poem: “the flowers fall in the deep palace, and the warbler is also sad. When the Shangyang palace lady is heartbroken, the imperial city can’t help flowing water to the East. Who is the poem inscribed on the leaves to send?”


Ten days later, another friend went to the garden for a spring outing. He saw red leaves floating in the garden. He hurried to pass them on to Gu Kuang. It said: “one leaf inscribed a poem out of the Forbidden City, who will pay for it alone. Since the middle of the wave, the waves took a second trip in spring.”

Although there are some deviations in the records of various books here, the general plot is similar. Gu Kuang and the palace maid sing and express their love to Hongye for three times. Although they have never met, they have long been in love with each other. Later, when he came to the “an Shi rebellion”, Gu Kuang took advantage of the chaos to find the palace maid who wrote poems. People who were destined to get married eventually left a strange and moving story for future generations.

Gu Kuang, a poet of the Tang Dynasty, was famous for a time at that time, but few people know him now, and the most popular one is a rumor that he met Bai Juyi. Bai Juyi went to Chang’an to seek fame at the age of 16 and paid a visit to Gu Kuang with poems, just like today’s students visit celebrities for support, which shows Gu Kuang’s position in the literary world at that time.

Gu Kuang is a man full of complaints. After meeting Bai Juyi, he asked about his surname and joked: “Chang’an is expensive. It’s not easy to live here!” But when he opened the poems handed over by Bai Juyi and read that “the wild fire is burning, and the spring breeze is blowing again”, he was amazed and quickly changed his mind to say that if he could write such poems and live in Chang’an, why should he worry about life? After that, he praised Bai Juyi’s poetic talent, which made him famous.

However, according to the research of later generations, Gu Kuang was demoted to Raozhou, while Bai Juyi was in Wuyue area, so they could not meet in Chang’an. However, this rumor not only shows Bai Juyi’s poetic talent, but also proves Gu Kuang’s position in the literary world.


Gu Kuang is a native of Suzhou. According to various records, his words are clear and excellent. He doesn’t practice martial arts. His words are humorous and he is good at painting. However, he is not good at talking and is easy to offend others. To put it simply, he had some open mouthed and cynical character, and he was demoted not for political reasons like Sudongpo, but for writing poems to satirize the powerful and influential people in the court.

Gu Kuang’s open mouth is entirely due to his personality. When he lived in seclusion in Maoshan mountain, he often wandered around the mountain in Taoist clothes. Once he saw a scholar singing a poem: “stay on the horse mountain!” But there was only one sentence, and there was no next sentence for a long time, so Gu Kuang said, why not take this sentence: “there is a lot of shit gas from the wind.” The scholar was furious and asked who he was. Don’t be rude. After Gu Kuang reported his name, the scholar knew he couldn’t provoke the madman, so he had to hurry up and leave.

Of course, it’s still a small matter to offend a scholar, but offending a bureaucrat is enough for him to drink a pot, and he was demoted to Raozhou precisely because writing poems offended powerful people. When Li mi was the Prime Minister of the dynasty, Gu Kuang came to Chang’an and fell in love with Li mi at first sight. He felt that he could rise to the top from now on, but he was still just a writer of only five grades. He was also very depressed. So after Li mi died, Gu Kuang wrote a white bird poem, which said: “thousands of miles flew to serve as a guest bird. Once mengdanfeng borrowed branches and branches.”.

Once the Phoenix goes to Wutong and dies, the eyes are full of owls. ” The poem has the meaning of letting off anger, which is tantamount to offending the civil and military affairs of the Manchu Dynasty. Therefore, Gu Kuang was prepared to go to the official and live in seclusion in Maoshan. In fact, he knew that his character was not suitable for officialdom. Before he went into seclusion, some people entrusted him with a high-ranking official. However, Gu Kuang wrote a poem saying: “now that the world is peaceful, why should the prime minister call crazy life? He is like a crane in a cage. He looks east at Cangzhou and cries.” Disclaimer: the above content originates from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. Please inform us if your original copyright is infringed, and we will delete the relevant content as soon as possible.

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