Heroic legend of Greece, the story of Prometheus

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The Greek legend of heroes is an important part of Greek mythology. Heroes are the descendants of God and man, such as Hercules; It also includes the gods excluded by the Olympus religion, such as How Gamannon and Prometheus; There are also legendary figures, the ancestors of tribal areas. These people are outstanding people, brave and tenacious soldiers and leaders. They are between God and people, are God’s pets, and are the protectors of people, so the Greeks worship heroes very much. Many kings, prominent families and people in regional cities have sought sources to associate with a hero. In addition, heroes are characterized by eliminating harm for the people and benefiting mankind, which has increased their secularity, making heroic legends and myths an important literary work popular in Greece and even Rome.

Heroic legends in Greece generally include deified historical events and the stories of ancient human struggle with nature, such as the stories of Perseus and Theseus, the achievements of Hercules, as well as the legends of Argo ship heroes, Troy War, Odysseus, Agamemnon father and son, and Tebai recorded in epic, which are all vivid and attractive fairy tales. At the same time, because these legends are related to some places or history of Greece, and even some characters may be historical characters, this has strengthened the appeal of their stories and made them widely spread. The legend of heroes is very rich. Here we only focus on a few main characters and briefly summarize their contents.

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1. The story of Prometheus. It is said that human beings experienced five times at the beginning of creation. In the Bronze Age (the third generation), human beings offended the gods, so that Zeus ordered the destruction of human beings. He sent down the flood, which destroyed all the creatures on the earth. Only Procarion, the son of Prometheus, and his wife survived. They built a large box according to their father’s will. When the flood came, they escaped the disaster in the box. Later, Zeus was moved by their narrow escape from death, and according to their requirements, there were human beings on the earth again, but he required that human beings should always offer sacrifices to gods. When human beings could not bear the pressure of numerous offerings to gods, they asked to reduce the offerings. Prometheus stood on the side of human beings and decided to deceive Zeus once. He divided the slaughtered animal into two parts, one is edible beef covered with cow hide, the other is bone covered with butter. He asked Zeus to choose the part as a sacrifice. Zeus liked butter, but when he opened it, it was full of bones, so he lost his temper and took the kindling from the world. As the protector of human beings, Prometheus stole the kindling from Olympus Mountain secretly, returned it to the world, and taught human beings to use fire. He caused a great disaster. Zeus then asked his son Hephaestus to create a beautiful woman Pandora to give to Prometheus’ brother. After they were united, Pandora brought all disasters, diseases and disasters to the world. Zeus also sent people to nail Prometheus on the cliff of the Caucasus, and let the eagle peck his liver every day. But strangely, his liver grew again at night, so he was still alive for thousands of years, until Hercules, the strong man, saved him bravely, so that Prometheus was free. This story shows that Prometheus is not afraid of the power of God to steal kindling for mankind, and he is the savior of mankind. His actions exceeded the power of God, so he became the only rebellious God among the gods who hated tyranny, fought for justice, and sacrificed himself for his ideals. The ancient Greeks often held a torch race in memory of him. The torch relay in modern sports originated from ancient Greece. “The fire of Prometheus” has become a synonym for fighting against evil forces and achieving nobility.

2. Hercules’ achievements. Hercules was the son of Zeus and Alcmene. It is said that on the day when Hercules was born, Zeus announced to the gods that a hero was born that day and that he would become the descendant and ruler of Perseus. Hera was very angry after hearing this. She used a trick to let Eurystus, the grandson of Perseus, be born ahead of time, and did the rule of Perseus. Knowing this, Zeus was forced to sign a treaty with Hera: his son would not be ruled by Euthystus for life, but he must complete twelve tasks assigned by Euthystus. Hercules was persecuted by Hera after he was born in Tebai. She sent two big snakes to eat the baby in the swaddling clothes, but the baby tried to kill the snake with both hands, which surprised the adults. Later, Alfredon, Alcmene’s husband, taught him to drive, and he was given cultural and music lessons; So that he can learn to play with knives and wield swords. Later, he was sent to Catairong Mountain to herd and grow up there. When he was 18 years old, he returned to Tebai. King Bontebai defeated the Orkomenus, and the king also married his daughter Mephala to him. Then he was sent by Euthys to complete 12 tasks. Hercules had learned some magical skills since he was a child. With his great strength and the help of the goddess Athena, he lived up to the expectations of Zeus, his mother and adoptive father, and finally made 12 achievements. He killed the lion of Nemea; Kill the water snake of Leerna; The wild boar of Erymanthos Mountain, which invaded Alcadia, was captured alive; Captured the red doe of Kervnia Mountain; Kill the strange birds of Stingfalis Lake; Take the belt of Hippolyte, the queen of the Amazonians, for Ademethe, the daughter of Euthys; He cleaned the stables of Ogias, the son of the sun god; Tame the Crete bull; The divine horse that defeated Diomedes; Catch the cattle of the three giants Keluoweng and build two stone pillars; Obtain the golden apples of the Hesperides sisters; Cerberus, the watchdog who subdues Hades. In completing these 12 achievements, he also overcame many terrible things and difficulties. After that, he no longer served Eurystus. When he returned to Tebai, he first divorced Megara, because he thought the marriage was not divine. Then he came to Okaria and proposed to the king’s daughter Iol, who refused. He also killed the king’s son Iphetos, for which he was punished to serve three years for Queen Onphale of Lydia. During this period, he captured the people of Cercopos and killed the bandit Sileus. Three years later, he took part in the Kaludon hunt with the Argo ship heroes. Later, he went on an expedition to Troy, killed King Laomedon and his son (except Priam), and went on a successful expedition to Piros. When he was in Kaludon, he married Deianera, daughter of Onus, king of Kaludon. Once he and his wife went to a friend named Keyux. When they passed the river, he asked horse man Nezos to carry his wife across the river. Nezos liked Deianila and tried to take it for himself, but he was shot to death by a hero with a poisonous arrow. Before he died, he asked Deianila to collect his blood. If his husband changed his mind, the blood would change his mind. Later, the hero really conquered Eurytos, the king of Okaria, and captured his daughter Iole. Because Hercules’ wife heard that the king wanted to marry Iol, she thought that her husband wanted to change his mind, so she asked someone to give him a clothes stained with horseman’s blood. After wearing this clothes, the hero’s whole body burned like a fire. He was in agony and finally burned to death. In order to revive him, Zeus took him to Mount Olympus and became one of the gods.

3. The story of Theseus. Egos, the son of Attica Panchoweng, was in power in Athens for many years. He was very sad because he had no children. Later, he got the will of God and told it to Pythias in Trotson. Pythias learned that Egos’ son would become a great hero in Athens, so he married his daughter Etra to him. Etra gave birth to a son named Theseus (also called the son of Poseidon). After Theseus was born, Egus returned to Athens. Before he left, he pressed a sword and a pair of trip shoes under a huge stone and asked his wife to tell his son that when he grew up to move the huge stone and take out the sword, he would ask him to come to Athens to find his father. Theseus lived in the house of his grandfather Pythys for sixteen years, and he was educated by Charon the Malay. When he grew up, his mother, Etra, asked him to take out his sword and trip shoes from under a huge stone and take them to Athens to find his father. Theseus chose a difficult land route. He killed Periphetus, the son of Hephaestus and a robber, near Epirus; In the Isthmus of Eastmos, kill Sinis, the ripper; At the junction of Mechara and Attica, kill the bandit Scaron; He also killed Cerkuon and Damastes. After arriving in Athens, another wife of Aegis, Medea, prevented them from recognizing their father and son. Later, Theseus suddenly pulled out his sword at the banquet to let his father recognize his son. After the father and son knew each other, Medea fled to Corpus with her son. Theseus became heir to the throne. In Attica, there are many heroic deeds about Theseus, the most famous of which is that he killed Minos. It is said that the son of Minos, the king of Crete, came to Athens to participate in the competition. After winning the competition, he was killed by his competitor. Minos asked Athens to make compensation for the death of his son, and asked Athens to send seven pairs of virgin boys and girls to Minotaur, a monster with human head, to eat every year. For this reason, Athenians hated the strange cow very much. Theseus came to Crete to kill the strange cattle. As soon as he arrived here, he attracted the king’s attention. The king’s daughter Ariadne also fell in love with Theseus. She gave the hero a sword and a ball of string. When Theseus was sent into the maze where the monster lived as a boy, he killed Minotaur with the sword, and then walked out of the maze by the way of the string. He also saved other boys and girls. Later, the hero took Ariadne away, and was forced to leave her on Naxos Island, making her the wife of Dionysus. Theseus finished his task and returned to Athens happily, but he forgot the agreement between his father and him before he left, that is, white sails for victory and black sails for failure. His ship was equipped with black sails. Aegus thought his son was dead when he saw Theseus’s ship in the distance on the coast, and jumped into the sea in despair. When Theseus arrived, he heard that his father was dead. He was very sad. He held a grand funeral for his father. Later, people called the sea where Aegean Sea was buried Aegean Sea. After he became king, Theseus unified the Attica region, divided the Athenians into three classes, and organized the Pan Athena Festival. He also participated in the expedition of Argo ship heroes and the hunting of Caludon together with Hercules. He also took away the Queen of Amar, Antiop, and married her. When the Amazonians invaded Attica, Theseus and his wife fought side by side until the death of Antioch. Only then did the Amazonians reconcile with the Athenians. Theseus finally died at the hands of Lycomedes, the king of Eupyasia. He was honored as a national hero and the founder of the Athenian country in Athens, and there was King Theseus in Greek history, which shows that he may be a historical figure.

4. Legends of Argo ship heroes. It is said that long ago, Kratos established the city of Iocles in Tesalia Bay. After the death of Kratos, his son Eson became the king of the city, but later his half brother Pelias usurped the throne. Before long, Edson had a beautiful son. He was afraid that his son would be assassinated by Pelias, so he sent his son to Pelon Mountain and gave it to Charon, a Malayan. Karon named the child Yiazon. Yiazon was smart, witty, and learned a set of skills. When he grew up, he returned to the city of Iorcos. When he came to the city square, he wore leopard skin on his shoulders, shoes on his right foot, and a spear on his left ankle. At this time, Pelias was passing by. He was very frightened at the sight of the young man, because the God had warned him that a man wearing one shoe would threaten his life. When he learned that this man was the son of Aesop, he came up with a plan. After he was reunited with his father, Jason decided to retake the throne. But when he went to Pelias, Pelias asked him to finish the business of taking gold wool first, and let him regent when he came back. Without knowing the difficulties and dangers, Jason readily accepted. In fact, because the golden fleece saved the life of Phriksos, he has offered it to Zeus as a sacrifice, and now it is placed in Korcas, the land of Aeetes. The sheepskin is guarded by giant dragons and hung in the holy forest of Aea. It will be very difficult for anyone to obtain it. When the news of the beginning of the voyage spread, heroes from all over Greece came to cheer. Heroes such as Hercules and Theseus also gathered here. With the help of Athena, Argos, the son of Arestus, built a luxurious ship for the heroes, named “Argo Ship”. They started the expedition on the Argo ship. The journey of heroes is full of difficulties. Allure, death, devil and dangerous pass all threaten the fleet of heroes. Not far from Greece, they came to Limnos Island in the north of the Aegean Sea. The island was an island of women. After the heroes landed, they were warmly welcomed by women. The happy banquet made the heroes happy. Hercules was very angry. He summoned the heroes to hurry up. Later, the heroes came to the territory of the Dorian people. In the city of Kaos, Xulas was pulled into the river bottom by the goddess in the water, and Hercules and Polyphis also fell behind. When the heroic fleet came to Bitinia, Polutius fought with the king and was killed by the king. In the city of Salmedsos in Thresia, the old man Finius, who was helped by the heroes, pointed out the route that the fleet should take and the know-how to pass the barrier, so that the fleet could successfully pass the barrier. The heroes also passed through the Kingdom of Uzong and Ares Island, defeated the strange birds of Stingfalis Lake, and persuaded the sons of Friksos to join the team. After several days of sailing, the Argo ship finally arrived at Kolkath. King Aeetes and his family warmly welcomed the coming heroes, but when the heroes said they wanted to take the golden fleece, the king was very angry. He thought that these people must have come to help the son of Frixos to seize the throne, so he came up with a move to ask Jason to subdue the two fire breathing bronze hoofed divine cows, put plows on them, plow the holy land of Ares, and sow dragon teeth. After the dragon teeth fell, many soldiers will grow, If you kill them, you can get the Golden Fleece. In fact, he wanted to kill Jason. However, Jason got the help of the goddess Hera, Athena and Aphrodite, who made the king’s daughter Medea fall in love with the beautiful Jason. Medea is smart and can cast magic. She learned that her father sent Jason to make a magic cow, so she tried to help him. Finally, all the soldiers were killed for Jason. The king later broke the contract and still refused to hand over the Golden Fleece. Under the magic of Medea, Jason killed the dragon guarding the golden fleece and took back the golden fleece. On the way back to Greece, the heroes were chased and killed by King Aeetes. To show his loyalty to Iar, Medea personally killed his brother Aptyurtos, so Aeetes stopped chasing. On their way back to China, they also experienced hardships, overcame the storm, broke through the invasion of demons and ghosts, and finally arrived in Athens, they were exhausted. Later, Jason handed over the golden fleece to King Pelias, but the king did not fulfill his promise, so Jason decided to retaliate. He asked Medea, his wife, to give advice. Medea used magic to let Pelias’ daughters kill their father. For this reason, Jason and Medea were driven out of Athens by Adelstos, son of Pelias. They came to Corinth and were received by King Creon. They gave birth to two sons and lived a happy and peaceful life, but soon the Goddess of Destiny broke the peace. Jason soon fell in love with the king’s daughter Kriusa. Medea saved many times, but Jason still insisted on marrying Kriusa. On the day they were going to get married, Medea sent a beautiful poison coat to the bride. The bride wore it and was soon poisoned. The king also poisoned her to save her daughter. Midi Adam killed his children in front of Jason, and then left in a dragon chariot. After that, he was alone and was finally crushed to death by the wreckage of the Argo ship.

5. Tales of Troy War. The legend of the Troy War takes the Troy War, which took place at the turn of the 13th and 12th centuries BC, as the background, to vividly describe the fierce battle between the legendary Greek and Troy heroes, in which the gods of Olympus played a decisive role in the victory or defeat of the war, the good or evil of the heroes, and the likes and dislikes of the fate. This legend is named after Homer’s epic, and it has become the most grand, vivid and complete long story in ancient Greek myths and legends. It is said that when Perseus, the hero of Thesalia, married Thetis, he invited the gods to the wedding banquet, but he forgot Eris, the goddess of dispute. In order to revenge, she secretly threw down a golden apple with the words “To the most beautiful goddess” on it. After Athena, Hera and Aphrodite saw it, they all wanted to get the apple one after another. They argued endlessly. Later Zeus asked Troy to judge by Prince Paris. Paris awarded the golden apple to the goddess of beauty because Aphrodite promised to give him Helen, the most beautiful woman. Athena and Hera were very angry and decided to reduce the disaster to Troy. At this time, Aphrodite was helping Paris build a sea boat and encouraged him to come to Sparta. The king of Sparta was Menelaus, the brother of Agamemnon, the king of Methy, who was the husband of beautiful Helen. When he went to Crete, Paris captured Helen and robbed the king’s treasure. The goddess soon made Iris tell Menelaus about this. After Menelaus knew this, he was furious. He quickly discussed with his brother Agamemnon, who decided to punish Troy. So they began to visit all kinds of heroes in Greece to encourage them to participate in the expedition. Later, King Argos, Diomedes, Paramedes, King Idomenius of Crete, Philoctetes, Odysseus and others all joined in. The prophets predicted that without Achilles’ participation in these expeditions, Greece would be difficult to accomplish its great cause. However, Achilles had been hidden by her mother, and it was Odysseus who later invited the hero. The Greeks gathered 100, 000 people and set out from Orris in 1186 boats. However, God has determined that their expedition will not be easy. They will certainly besiege Troy for nine years and occupy the city in the tenth year. Before the war began, Agamemnon’s daughter Iphigenia was nearly killed. It was thanks to Aphrodite, the goddess, who saved her from death. After the war, the two sides fought each other to the death. After nine years of decisive battle, they were still neck and neck. The Greek hero Paramedes also died under the false accusation of Odysseus. In the battle, Hector on the Troy side was very brave, and Achilles on the Greek side was outstanding. He also captured the daughter of Chryseis, the priest of Apollo who was facing Troy, and also captured Briseis. The two female slaves belonged to Agamemnon and Achilles respectively. Later Apollo learned that the Greeks had taken his priest’s daughter, so he sent down the plague as a punishment. The Greek heroes asked Agamemnon to return the slave girl to Apollo as soon as possible, but Agamemnon refused. Achilles summoned the people’s assembly and, with the help of the prophets, unanimously approved the decision to let Agamemnon return to Chryseis and set up a hundred cattle sacrifices for Apollo. Agamemnon was forced to agree to this decision, but as revenge, he took away the slave girl of Achilles, Briseis. Achilles was furious and decided to withdraw from the fight. The Troy people began to launch a fierce attack on the Greeks. Hector was invincible and fought all the way, leaving the Greeks in a rout. Agamemnon had no choice but to let Aas and Odysseus negotiate with Achilles. He decided to return Briseis to Achilles and promised to give him the daughter of the Trojans as his wife after the victory. But Achilles was unmoved. He only said that when the Troites burned the Greek warships and attacked his ships and camp, they would fight Hector. When the negotiations broke down, Agamemnon was still restless. He had no choice but to fight in person, but God had doomed him to be injured, and Troyes would break through the stronghold gate, so no matter what, the Greek army was still unable to move forward. At this time, Achilles was very upset when he saw that several great Greek heroes had been killed. His good friend, Patroclus, asked to wear Achilles’ armor to fight and shake up the enemy. Achilles soon agreed. However, the unlucky fate still hung over the Greeks. Patrox was eager to kill Hector, but he was knocked down from behind by Apollo. At this time, Eupholpos, the hero of Troy, shot from behind, and Hector also shot, finally ending the Greek hero’s life. He also took the armor of Achilles. Achilles learned that his friend was dying. He decided to forget his hatred for Agamemnon, revenge for his friend, and let Hector pay for his life. Since Achilles, the Greek army has entered the war again with high momentum. The forging god Hephaestus recreated a set of armor and weapons for the hero. He put on his new clothes and went to fight the Troy, which soon made the Troy army retreat day by day. He led his army to the city of Troy and fought to the death with Hector. However, Hector was no match for Achilles. After his death, the Greeks applauded as if celebrating victory. All the people shot him when passing by his body. Later, Achilles did not get rid of his hatred. He hung Hector’s body behind his chariot and ran around the cemetery for three times. The gods were very dissatisfied with this situation, and Apollo was even more angry. They asked Hermes to help King Priam save his son Hector, and Troy held a grand funeral for him. Later, when Achilles was fighting Paris, the prince of Troy, he was hit in the heel by Paris’ arrow and fell to the ground. In the tenth year, the Greeks took Odysseus’ advice to outwit Troy, built a wooden horse, hid the Greek heroes in it and put them at the gate of the city, while the army pretended to withdraw. The Troy people thought that the Greeks really went away, so they relaxed their vigilance. They came to the city gate and saw a huge wooden horse. They were very curious, so they dragged it into the city. No matter how Apollo priest Laocoon persuaded them, they could not stop the soldiers’ curiosity. That night, as the Troy people fell asleep, the Greek soldiers in the wooden horse climbed out one after another. Because of the help from inside and outside, the Greeks took Troy City by surprise. On the way back to Greece, although the Greeks got a lot of trophies, they also took back Helen, but they also paid a huge price. In addition to the heroes who died in the war, Agamemnon lost his beloved female prisoner, Poluxena; Their ship was also hit by a storm, many people were killed and injured, and little Aias was buried at the bottom of the sea; Agamemnon also suffered a series of misfortunes after returning home, which led to some legends. Odysseus lost contact with the fleet, stayed on the island first, and then went through hardships. He went to Forget Worry Island, defeated the Cyclops, experienced the danger of cannibals, and visited Hades; After driving across the sea demon Toru Island and being seduced by the goddess, he finally returned to his hometown where he had been separated for more than 20 years and reunited with his wife and children. The adventure story of Odysseus later became a famous piece of Greek legend and was written by Homer in the long poem Odyssey.

6. The legend of Tebai. After Laios succeeded to the throne of Tebai, he once went to visit Pelops and stayed there for a long time, but later he stole Pelops’ son, which made Pelops very angry. He cursed that Laios would be killed by his own son. Rabeus, king of Tebai, had no children for a long time, so he went to Delphi Temple to ask. The priestess of Apollo told him that he would have a son soon, but this son would kill him. Soon King Tebai’s wife Iocaste gave birth to a son. In order to avoid disaster, Laios asked a slave to abandon the child in the wilderness. The slave pitied the child, and gave him to a herdsman of King Paulus of Corinth. The shepherd gave him to the king again. The king happened to have no queen, so he took him as his adopted son and named him Oedipus. When he grew up, he heard that the king was not his own father. He asked his parents, who told him not to listen to others’ nonsense. Then he went to Delphi Temple to ask, and the priest told him that his fate was terrible, and he would kill and marry his mother. He decided to leave Corinth when he believed that the Polubians were his own parents. He wandered about. Once, at a fork in the road, he had a conflict with some people. He killed an old man and his servant. Only one slave hid. Oedipus came to Tebai. At this time, Tebai was suffering from two disasters: one was that the terrible Sphinx threatened Tebai; Second, King Laios was killed. Oedipus decided to help the Tebai people. He first came to Sphinx, a monster with a lion head and two huge wings. Sphinx asked him: What uses four feet in the morning, two feet at noon, and three feet at night. Oedipus immediately said that it was a person, because in childhood people crawled, in middle age people walked on two feet, and in old age they relied on crutches, that is, three feet. After listening to Oedipus’ explanation, Sphinx jumped from the rock to the sea. When he returned to Tebai, Oedipus was hailed as the king of Tebai. He married Iocaste, the wife of Laios, and gave birth to two sons and daughters, namely Eteocles and Polynyx, Antigone and Ismos. During his reign, the country was prosperous and the people were peaceful. Until one year when the Tebai plague continued, someone went to the temple to ask. Apollo told him that to save the disaster, the murderer who killed Laios must be driven out of Tebai. Oedipus decided to investigate in person when he knew that. Unfortunately, the investigation finally focused on him. In front of the witness, he finally understood that his behavior still obeyed the God’s warning, that is, to kill his father and marry his mother. He was hopelessly at a loss, and found that his mother, his wife Iocaste, committed suicide. He painfully blinded his eyes with needles, and left Tebai with his daughter Antigone. During their wanderings, they were helped by Theseus, the king of Athens. Later, Oedipus was overcome with pain because his two sons fought for the throne by force. He did not want to see his sons killing each other, and finally committed suicide. Later, his two sons died in the fight, and their uncle Creon took the throne. After he came to power, Creon first held a grand funeral for Eteocles and his soldiers, who guarded the city of Tebai. However, he threw Polunix and his Argos heroes who besieged Tebai into the wilderness and did not bury them. He believed that these people violated the law of heaven, and he ordered that whoever wanted to bury them should be executed. Antigone saw that the body of his brother Polonix would be eaten by wild animals. His conscience could not bear it, so he decided to risk his life to bury his brother. Then Creon captured her and forced her to confess her guilt, but Antigone believed that she was carrying out the divine order of heaven and that death would not frighten her. When Haimeng, Creon’s son and Antigone’s fiance, learned about this, he also stood by Antigone to defend justice. Kryon threatened to bury Antigone alive. Finally, Antigone committed suicide to avoid the torture of Kryon. At the same time, Creon received instructions from the God brought by the Prophet Teresias, saying that if he buried Antigone alive and insulted Polynyx, he would violate the divine order and would be punished by God. Creon was afraid at last. He came to the tomb prepared for Antigone, but it was too late. Antigone was dead, and Haimeng was weeping over his dead body. When he saw his father coming, he drew his sword and cut himself. When Creon’s wife heard that her son was dead, she committed suicide in despair. Kryon was left alone in the palace. Ten years later, the sons and daughters of the Argos hero who once supported Polenix, in order to avenge their father’s revenge, besieged the city of Tebai. With the participation of the great hero Alchemion, they had a smooth journey and quickly attacked the city of Tebai, driving the Tebai people out of the country. Tersandros, the son of Polynyx, rebuilt Terbai and made her new life. Disclaimer: The above content comes from the network, and the copyright belongs to the original author. If it infringes your original copyright, please inform us, and we will delete the relevant content as soon as possible.

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