How many volumes is the full text of Shanhaijing? What are the editions of Shanhaijing?

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Do you know how many volumes there are in Shanhaijing? It doesn’t matter if you don’t know, China story network editor tells you.

The book of mountains and seas has 18 volumes, including five volumes of “mountain classics”, “eight volumes of Fuhai classics”, “four volumes of Dahuang classics” and one volume of “haineijing”, with a total of 31000 words. It records more than 100 States, 550 mountains, 300 waterways, as well as the geography, customs and properties of the mountains and rivers of the States. Among them, most of the survey records contained in the book of mountains and seas are the survey records of witches, Fang Zhishi and temple officials of previous dynasties. After long-term biography and compilation, it will be somewhat exaggerated, but it still has a high reference value.


The book of mountains and seas is an ancient book in the pre Qin period, and it is the oldest geographical book rich in myths and legends. It mainly describes the geography, products, myths, witchcraft, religion, etc. of ancient centuries, as well as ancient history, medicine, folk customs, nationalities and other aspects. In addition, the book of mountains and seas also records some strange events in the form of daily accounts, and there is still a great debate about these events. The most representative myths and fables include Kuafu chasing the sun, Nuwa mending the sky, Jingwei filling the sea, Guyu controlling the water, etc. The specific completion date and author are unknown.

The edition of the classic of mountains and seas is complex. It can be seen that the earliest edition is the biography of the classic of mountains and seas by Jin GuoPu. However, the title of the book “historical records” of the “book of mountains and seas” mentioned that the earliest purpose of the book is “Hanshu ยท Yiwenzhi”. As for its real author, predecessors believed that it was Yu and Boyi who formed the handed down books after being edited and corrected by Liu Xiang and Liu Xin in the Western Han Dynasty. Now many people believe that the specific completion date and author of the book can no longer be confirmed.


The classic of mountains and seas has a great influence and is also highly valued by the International Sinology community. Ancient and modern scholars have different understandings of its content nature. For example, Sima Qian bluntly said that its content “I dare not speak”, and Lu Xun thought that “the book of wizards and scholars”. Now most scholars believe that the book of mountains and seas is an early valuable geographical work. Disclaimer: the above content originates from the network, and the copyright belongs to the original author. Please inform us if your original copyright is infringed, and we will delete the relevant content as soon as possible.

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