Is Da Yi and Hou Yi the same person? What happened to King Mu of Zhou’s eastward journey in Tushan?

Spread the love

Today, China story network editor brings you Da Yi and Hou Yi. Are they the same person? I hope it can help you.

Da Yi and Hou Yi are two famous figures in ancient China. They both have the same skills: proficient in archery and good at archery; They all come from the same region and tribe: Dongyi tribe; Both of them are called Yi by the same name, which is the leader of the same clan. Da Yi is the honorific name, and Hou Yi is the title of emperor status.

Dayi was a archer in the period of Emperor Yao. He was a figure of the same period as Shun and Yu, and once helped Emperor Yao shoot nine days. According to legend, when Emperor Yao was in power, the Sky Rose ten days at a time, the earth and the heaven were in a drought, everything withered, and the people were unable to make a living. Emperor Yao then sent Dayi, who was good at shooting, to remove the ten days. Dayi shot down nine of the ten suns in the sky, lifting the drought for people and leaving only one day to shine on all living things. In order to commend the achievements of Yi, the leader of the Dongyi tribe, Emperor Yao added a big character in front of Yi’s name, and Yi has been honored as Da Yi since then. This is the story of the ancient Chinese myth “Dayi shot the sun”.

During the period of Emperor Yao, the world was flooded, “when Emperor Yao was in power, the torrent of water surged, the vast mountains and mountains were surrounded by mountains, and the people were worried about it. Yao asked for water control” (historical records). Therefore, Gu and Yu were successively recommended as leaders of flood control to control the world’s floods. Yu and his father and son went one after another, cutting mountains and guiding the Huaihe River in Tu mountain of the Huaihe River, and eradicated the world’s flood. “The water passes through the cloud: the Huaihe River flows out of the left of the Jinghe River, detours to enter the vortex, and the foot is high, and the water converges. Yu chiseled the gorge of the two Jingtu mountains, so that the Huaihe River comes out of it, and the water flows peacefully. There are relics at the chiseled place, which can be seen in the winter moon.” (Huaiyuan County annals), this is the story of the Chinese legend “Dayu flood control”.

Both Yi and Yu were leaders of the Dongyi tribe. Because of their achievements in saving people from floods and fires during the period of Emperor Yao, they were crowned with “Da” in front of their names, and were honored as “Da Yi” and “Da Yu” by later generations. This also shows that Dayi and Dayu are the same period, the same region, the same ethnic group, and have the same honorific names for Yi and Yu with the same customs – Dayi and Dayu.

Due to the flood control of Dayu, the flood in China was successfully relieved. Emperor Shun, the leader of the Dongyi tribe, abdicated the throne to Dayu and became the co Lord of China. In the fifth year of Dayu, “the princes of Yuhui held the jade and silk in Mount Tu, and all nations held the jade and silk” (Zuo Zhuan). In Yuhui village on the South Bank of Tianhe at the south foot of Mount Tu in the Huaihe River, a “meeting of Mount Tu” was held, which symbolized the unity of the world and the peace and contentment of all people.


After Dayu inherited the throne of the emperor, he made Gao Tao, the leader of the Dongyi tribe, the heir to the throne. Unfortunately, Gao Tao died early and was buried in the south of Shouzhou in the Huaihe River, becoming the ancestor of the Li family of the Tang Dynasty. After Dayu’s death, due to the short administrative time of Bo Yi, who was established by abdication, he could not control the threat of the princes of all countries in the future. All the princes left Bo Yi and worshipped Dayu’s son Qi. Qi, who was born and grew up in Tu Shan, Huaihe River, inherited the throne of the son of heaven in China under the support of his mother’s clan Tu Shan and the princes of all countries, and was called emperor Qi after the summer. “The country name is after the summer, and the surname is Si.”. After the death of emperor Qi, he established his son Taikang as his successor, officially establishing the beginning of China’s first hereditary Dynasty in the Tushan area of the Huaihe River.


Although Taikang inherited the throne from his father Houqi and Houqi from his father Dayu, the abdication system formed by Yao, Shun, Yu, gaotao and Boyi did not completely disappear. When Emperor Taikang lost his virtue and neglected the government of the dynasty, Yi, the leader of the descendants of the Dayi clan of the Dongyi tribe, took the opportunity to replace Taikang and became the new emperor of the Xia Dynasty. He was called Hou Yi. This is the “Hou Yi replacing Xia” recorded in the historical records that “in the past, there was a decline in the Xia Dynasty, and Hou Yi moved to the poor stone, because the Xia people replaced Xia politics”. This historical process is actually a repeated process of the old and new alternation stages of the traditional abdication system and the emerging hereditary system within the Dongyi tribe, the ruling class of the Xia Dynasty. In fact, the people of the Xia Dynasty held an attitude of recognition and acceptance towards Hou Yi replacing Xia. It was natural and reasonable for Yi to become Hou Yi “because Xia people replaced Xia politics”.


From Emperor Yao, the world was in a severe drought, and the sun was in the sky. The hero of the Dongyi tribe Dayi shot the sun to relieve the drought. To Emperor Shun, the leader of the Dongyi tribe, ordered Dayu to control the flood and relieve the flood of Tu mountain in the Huaihe River in China, and then to Emperor Qi, who was born in Tu mountain in the Huaihe River, succeeded to the throne. Hou Yi, the leader of the Dongyi tribe, took the place of Xia, which all showed the establishment and continuation of the Yao, Shun and Yu period to the Xia Dynasty, and the central position of Tu mountain in the Huaihe River in this period of Chinese history. Tu mountain in Huaihe River has become the key geographical coordinates of the study of Xia culture.

The important position of Tu mountain on the Huaihe River in the Chinese civilization is not only the central area of the Xia Dynasty, the place where the Xia culture was born, but also has a far-reaching impact on the Western Zhou Dynasty more than a thousand years later.

King Mu of Zhou of the Western Zhou Dynasty reigned for 55 years. He was the most legendary son of heaven in history. He fought all his life, traveled west and East, and traveled everywhere. The biography of the son of Mu twice recorded the travel experience of King Mu of Zhou to the East, and recorded the deeds of King Mu of Zhou’s frequent exchanges with various nationalities along the way; “Zuo Zhuan” also records “Mu Youtu mountain meeting”.

King Mu of Zhou imitated Dayu’s “meeting of Tushan”, what stories happened in Tushan?

Volume V of the biography of Mu Tianzi records that “Bingchen, the son of heaven swam south to the hill of the Yellow chamber to see the house of the enlightenment after the summer. It was in the Qi chamber. The son of heaven divined and hunted pingze” and “? ascended, but stayed in Huangzhu. The dream of the son of heaven Yi shot at TU mountain”. King Mu of Zhou traveled to the south in the Tushan area of the Huaihe River where the “Southern sound” was born, visited Xia Houqi’s residence, and (lodged) in Xia Qi’s former palace, where he divined, hunted, and traveled rivers and lakes. Resting in the land of yellow bamboo, Zhou Tianzi dreamed that Yi was shooting (sun or hunting) in Tushan.


“(MU) the son of heaven dreamed that Yi shot at Tushan”. Maybe Zhou Tianzi’s dream was not very clear, and he didn’t see clearly whether it was Da Yi or Hou Yi, whether it was Da Yi shooting at Tushan or Hou Yi shooting at Tushan. Zhou Tianzi woke up, and the history books recorded this “Meng Yi at Tushan” event in such a muddle headed way. The author worked hard and did not analyze whether it was Dayi who shot the sun at Tushan? Or did Hou Yi shoot at Tushan? I hope that the majority of Xia culture scholars and Xia culture lovers can give a clear answer.

Whether it is Dayi shooting at Tushan or Houyi shooting and hunting at Tushan, the dream of Zhou Tianzi has revealed many important pending historical information to our descendants: Tushan is the place where Zhou Tianzi is fascinated, where there is Dayu’s “Tushan meeting”, where there is a room opened after the summer Dynasty, where Dayi shooting at the sun or Houyi shooting and hunting, and where two heroes of the Dongyi tribe “Yi” have made achievements and made achievements. There are thoughts in the day and dreams in the night. King Mu of Zhou saw things and thought of people in Tu mountain, saw scenery and became sentimental, remembered the ancients, dreamed of being with the ancient heroes, talked with the ancients, and became a hero like Yi, benefiting the world, solving the difficulties of the Chinese people, saving the Chinese people from floods and fires, and making the Chinese civilization spread throughout the Western Zhou Dynasty!


Dayu and Dayi, as two heroes in the period of Yao and Shun, saved the people from floods and fires; Hou Qi and Hou Yi, as the two emperors and empresses in the early Xia Dynasty, are the representatives of the alternating period of Zen and hereditary system. Their identity as Dongyi tribes and their close relationship with Tu Shan in the Huaihe River show us what kind of history of the development of Chinese civilization? Disclaimer: the above content originates from the network, and the copyright belongs to the original author. Please inform us if your original copyright is infringed, and we will delete the relevant content as soon as possible.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *