Kalura: a giant divine bird in ancient Indian mythology, which is one of the eight heavenly Dragons of Buddhism

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Kalura, a giant divine bird recorded in ancient Indian myths and legends, is the mount of Vishnu, one of the three main gods in Hinduism, and is listed in one of the eight heavenly dragons in Buddhism. Specializing in eating Dragons – in fact, it is the Naga Buddhists who translate the snakes in ancient Indian mythology into dragons in order to be close to Chinese culture. For example, the twin Dragon Temple in Chiang Mai is an example. Its “dragon” has no claws, but it is actually a snake, not a dragon. The following China story network editor will bring you a detailed introduction. Let’s have a look!

However, after some unreasonable people imposed the snake eating habits of Kalura on Kun Peng, and the image of Peng bird of Kun Peng was integrated into Kalura, and the images of Kalura and Kun Peng Dapeng were confused, the image of Dapeng golden winged bird, which had never been seen in ancient times, was born. In fact, the two attributes were completely opposite.

However, due to the prevalence of the ancient acceptance custom, Buddhists did not know where to translate the classics, so they translated Kalura into golden winged ROC or golden winged ROC, which further exacerbated this error. In fact, they only knew its appearance and did not know its origin.

In Chinese traditional culture, Kalura is called golden winged bird, and Dapeng golden winged bird is the name imposed on Kunpeng or Kalura after the confusion of the two images.


In the first chapter of the ancient Indian epic Mahabharata, it is recorded in detail that in order to remove his mother’s slave status, Kalura wagered with the snake race to seize the nectar of heaven in exchange for the freedom of his mother and himself. Finally, he successfully obtained the nectar from Indra in the heaven, and thus won freedom while eating the snake family for life.

The image of garuro

There are four kinds of golden winged birds: metaplasia, hygroplasia, viviparity and ovogenesis. Metaplasia Kalura is the most powerful, followed by dampness Kalura, fetal Kalura, and finally ovum Kalura. There are countless kaluru golden winged birds in the world, led by the four kaluru kings of Weide, Dashen, Daman and Ruyi.

Generally speaking, Kalura appears in the form of human faced bird body, bird faced human body or whole bird body.

Human face Bird Figure

Its body above the navel is like a king of heaven, only its mouth is like an eagle beak, green, its face is angry, and its teeth are exposed. Below the navel is the image of an eagle. Wearing a pointed crown, double hair shawls, Yingluo heavenly clothes, bracelets and gold all over. The two wings behind him are red and spread out, with their tails drooping and spreading. This is the image of Kalura on the national emblem of Thailand.

Bird faced human figure

In Buddhist temples in the Central Plains of China, Kalura often appears in the Yuantong Temple dedicated to Guanyin as one of the incarnations of Guanyin. He is white robed and human shaped, with only a sharp beak on his face and still an eagle shape.


Full bird shape

In Southwest China, kaluoluo often appears in the image of golden rooster, standing on the top of the tower. In addition, Indonesia also takes Kalura as the national emblem, which is also the image of the whole bird.

The historical origin of Kalura

Kaluro is the embodiment of ancient world giant bird worship in India, Arab ROC, Chinese ROC, Indian Thunderbird and so on.

The explanation of the name said, “Kalura” is a big bird, with various solemn precious colors on its wings and a large lump on its head. It is a ruyi bead. This bird sings sadly and feeds on Naga. ” Kaluro eats one Naga king and 500 poisonous snakes every day. When he was dying, he couldn’t eat. After flying up and down seven times, he flew to mount Kumgang and burned himself, leaving only a pure blue glazed heart. It is worth noting that the so-called dragon clan in Buddhism is actually Naga snake clan. In order to be close to Chinese culture, Buddhists translated the snake clan in ancient Indian mythology into dragon clan. For example, Chiang Mai Shuanglong temple is an example. Its “dragon” has no claws, but it is actually a snake, not a dragon. Disclaimer: the above content originates from the network, and the copyright belongs to the original author. Please inform us if your original copyright is infringed, and we will delete the relevant content as soon as possible.

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