In the Shang Dynasty, because the rulers did not encourage informants, informants were not so prominent in terms of quantity or quality. In the Western Zhou Dynasty, especially when King li of Zhou was in power, there was an opportunity to tap the professionalism of informers.
King li of Zhou was the tenth king of the Western Zhou Dynasty. I don’t know if it was a genetic mutation. The Ji family of the Zhou Dynasty changed when it was introduced to him. Even if the king before him had flaws, he was just incompetent, not violent and wild. Soon after King li of Zhou came to power, he removed the green gene flowing in Ji’s blood vessels. He began to indulge in extravagance, trying to add fun to his life. Money is the foundation of fun. In order to get money, he specially found several people who were good at collecting money to act as special envoys for collecting money. Their task is to collect money from the people all over the world for him.
A minister told him bluntly, “if you continue like this, the rule of the Zhou Dynasty will surely decline. How can the people withstand such raids!”
King li of Zhou ignored such remarks and went his own way. However, there were more and more voices against him. The Minister of the central court opposed him. Because he was close to him, he could hear it, and then he took it out and killed it. However, he could not hear the opposition of the people. He is always thinking about a problem. These voices of opposition must be eliminated as soon as possible. Because with a little cleverness, he knew that only the people in the capital city were already cursing him.
The so-called “Chinese” means “people in the country”, mainly civilians. Most of them are distant clan members of aristocrats at all levels. Compared with slaves, they have the status of free people, but they are politically and economically dependent on the aristocrats. It can be seen from this that these people are not so careful when talking because they are free people and have relatives with the nobility. In their opinion, the king is hereditary, but if you can’t do it well, we still have the right to talk about it. Because we are supporting you, countless nobles and citizens constitute the basic system of this country, and the king is just a symbol of the country.
Of course, King li of Zhou knew that these countrymen were different from those slaves. He once asked the ministers around him what those countrymen outside said about me. The minister replied that he was very dissatisfied with you.
Although King li of Zhou was dissolute and wanton, he had a very good face. This kind of people who want to be both a bitch and a memorial archway can be found everywhere in history. He asked the minister, how can I stop them from talking nonsense?
The minister answered him, it’s very simple. Just catch those who speak ill of you, throw them into prison, and let them die.
King Li thought it was a good idea. “But how can I know who is speaking ill of me?”
The minister continued: “I know a wizard who is a member of the kingdom of Wei. It is said that he can make predictions and has sensitive ears. He can detect people a few miles away.”
King li of Zhou was overjoyed and immediately summoned the Wei Wu. Wei Wu was very satisfied with his performance, so he was sent to the palace to listen to the Chinese people in the streets.
During that time, a list of whistleblowers written in oracle bone inscriptions was placed on King Zhou’s desk, and groups of people were caught in prison. Wei Wu is really a talented person, but no one who speaks ill of King Li will not be caught in prison.
But before long, Wei Wu’s work efficiency decreased significantly, and the list became less and less. King li of Zhou thought he didn’t work well and gave him a severe reprimand. Wei Wu told King Li that no one really spoke ill of the king. Now Chinese people are very honest. They don’t say a word when they meet each other. They just look at each other.
The phenomenon of “following the way to the eyes” did not satisfy King li of Zhou. He told Wei Wu that these countrymen were very cunning. If they did not say it, it did not necessarily mean that they did not want it.
Wei Wu immediately said he knew lip language. Even if the other person is silent, he can see what the other person wants to say from his lips. King li of Zhou immediately asked him to increase the number of lists in this way.
As a result, another batch of countrymen were caught in prison. According to Wei Wu, after they met on the road, they slandered the king with their lips.
With the decrease of the list, King Li Zhou was satisfied. He found the minister who had been outspoken to him and said proudly: “you once told me that someone scolded me behind my back. Now I have solved this problem with a very excellent method. Those Chinese people will never dare to be presumptuous any more.” The “very excellent” method mentioned by King li of Zhou is Wei Wu’s informer.
The minister was very anxious. He was not only worried about the national fortune, but also worried about King Zhou Li’s disabled thinking. “Your Majesty, you are wrong to think so. The reason why Chinese people dare not speak ill of you is because there is an informer from Wei Wu. You are blocking the mouth of the people. You should know that defending the people is better than defending Sichuan.”
This can be well understood if it is put in the Shun era. Before Dayu’s flood control, some people also treated floods, that is, blocking. Wherever the water goes, it will be blocked. As a result, water will not cause trouble in a short time, but it can gather to a certain extent, forming a huge force to wash away the blocked land, which is more powerful than before.
In the minister’s opinion, it is more dangerous to block people’s mouths than water. King li of Zhou didn’t know such a truth. He asked the minister to go to the street and have a look. The scene that the minister saw in the street was very dangerous. Everyone walked with their heads down, and there was no eye contact with each other.
Three years later, the Chinese people could not bear to be mute. On one day in 841 BC, countless Chinese people spontaneously rushed into the palace from all directions. In an instant, King li of Zhou was in a hurry. The two most famous figures in history, Duke Zhou and Duke Zhao, took the initiative to help the king. They believed that the most critical moment had come, and the purpose of the Chinese people rushing in was to take care of the king. If the king does not go at this time, it is tantamount to pushing himself into the grave. Of course, people like King li of Zhou are afraid of death, so they are determined to run away. So, escorted by a group of soldiers, he escaped from the capital. Duke Zhao explained to the people that the king could be abolished and the crown prince made emperor. Then the days when everyone was mute are gone.
Duke Zhou and Duke Zhao were very popular at that time, but the Chinese people thought that the prince and his Lao Tzu were probably the same virtue. They didn’t want to be mute for the second time, so they asked to hand over the prince. The two old men disguised themselves as the prince and handed him over to the Chinese people. There were many people and great strength. The Chinese surrounded the fake prince. One person stepped down a few times, and the fake prince was kicked into flesh and mud.
After tossing and turning, the Chinese withdrew from the palace under the persuasion of two old men. The two old men finally decided that the real prince should never be allowed to take office, so they came to take charge of state affairs first. This is the famous “Republican administration” in history. Fourteen years later, the Chinese people forgot the days when they were mute. Only then did the two old men carry out the crown prince and embrace him as king. Later, King li of Zhou fled to the border of Zhou Dynasty; Swine (now the northeast of Huo County, Shanxi Province) died after the completion of the “Republic administration”.
The reason why the “Chinese” rioted was that King li of Zhou had found a wizard to act as an informer. And the informer worked very hard to provoke the Chinese people to riot because they couldn’t stand being mute.
The final outcome of Wei Wu is unknown. It is likely that he ran away with King li of Zhou, or did not run away at all, and was killed alive by the Chinese people. However, as an informer, he is more professional than Chonghou Hu. Whether in terms of quantity or quality, his whistleblowing achievements are quite outstanding.
In fact, even in the era of King li of the Western Zhou Dynasty, from the vertical line of history, this was the end of the Western Zhou Dynasty, and whistleblowing could not become a common phenomenon. Chonghou tiger told him casually that although Wei Wu was a professional, there were few such professionals in the whole Li Wang era. I suspect that one of the main tasks of ancient Chinese witches may be to inform. In the traditional Chinese context, witches are the communicators and mediators of the human world and the divine world. They are important figures in policy decisions. At the same time, they are also the creators of ancient knowledge, culture and art. They have a great impact on society.
It can be seen from their professional characteristics that they often tell “people” the secrets revealed by heaven, and can connect the three worlds of people, ghosts and gods, and see some things that ordinary people can’t see or hear. In the Xia, Shang and Western Zhou dynasties, there were many examples of witches participating in the government, guiding the state affairs and planning the king’s actions. When King li of Zhou went to find Wei Wu, he obviously took a fancy to his professional characteristics. In this sense, even though the whistleblowing of Wei Wu has the characteristics of many whistleblowers in later generations, such as being supported by the rulers and arbitrarily planting and framing others, it is still only an individual phenomenon. In other words, King Li Zhou did not just find someone to preside over the whistleblowing, but had the whistleblowing skills of witches before he had the choice of King Li Zhou. This is the difference between active and passive. To be exact, I am afraid that King li of Zhou has not rationally carried forward “whistle blowing” as a unique culture. Perhaps it can also be said that he inadvertently led to the emergence of Wei Wu, the largest informer in the history of the Western Zhou Dynasty.