Cao mengde, Fengyun I,
The tomb is hard to find through the ages. The broken limbs floating at the bottom of the Zhanghe River and the suspicious tombs scattered in the wilderness are proof of aman’s suspicious nature, or the unique entrustment of a generation of heroes. From Qinshihuang, Wu Zetian, Genghis Khan to Yongzheng, why are the tombs of legendary figures so different? What kind of enchanting array did the ancients set up, waiting for the rash descendants to break in step by step?
The “Tomb of Cao Cao” in Xigaoxue village, Anyang, Henan Province was born, but the world has more and more questions. Since King Wu of Wei is not the patent of Cao Cao, the mystery of Cao Cao’s tomb will continue
1? Man eating water monster
It was a midsummer twohundred years ago. It was always said that the water monster in Zhanghe River began to eat people again. People who don’t listen to the dissuasion to bathe in the river are suddenly dragged into the bottom of the river by something while washing. Soon an arm or half a head will appear on the river surface. People in great fear look at the water surface and find that there is a dark shadow shaking at the place near the cliff at the bottom of the river. Therefore, the villagers believe that this is the legendary water monster. No one dares to approach the river again. The local magistrate was shocked when he learned this. In order to find out, he ordered that the water in the upper reaches of the river should be stopped when the dry season came. However, when the river fell, there were no monsters at the bottom of the river. However, a deep cave was found at the bottom of the cliff. Rows of water wheel blades were also erected around the cave. When the blades were removed, they went into the cave, Then I saw that there was another stone tablet in the cave, on which was clearly written: the tomb of Cao mengde. They all opened the tomb and found that there were countless treasures inside.
Ladies and gentlemen, this passage is a story from Pu Songling’s strange tales from a lonely studio. As we all know, many stories in strange stories from a lonely studio are about some fictitious folk legends, but the story about Cao Cao’s tomb is not entirely based on hearsay. It was also recorded in the unofficial history of the Qing Dynasty that in the early years of Shunzhi, a fisherman found a large stone slab at the bottom of the Zhanghe River because it dried up, and there was a stone gate under the slab. Entering the stone gate, there is a tomb. In the middle of the tomb is a stone bed, on which lies a corpse dressed in Imperial clothes. This man leaned forward to have a look. It was Cao Cao. The fisherman has good eyesight. He can recognize Cao mengde at a glance. It’s a corpse that has been put for thousands of years. Is there a label on it?
Let’s talk about the cemetery. There are many stories about Cao Cao’s tomb in history, but the most popular one is that Cao Cao was suspicious. In order to prevent future generations from excavating his tomb, careful arrangements were made during his lifetime. On the day of the funeral, all the city gates in Yecheng were opened at the same time, and 72 coffins were carried out from the southeast, northwest and four directions at the same time and buried in the prepared tomb. As a result, future generations can no longer tell which one is Cao Cao’s real tomb and which one is confusing. This is the famous “72 suspicious tombs of Cao Cao”.
Speaking of this tomb, there are still more than 100 tombs in the field between Linzhang and Cizhou in Hebei Province. According to the local people, this is the tomb built by Cao Cao. However, according to archaeological findings, these so-called 72 suspicious tombs of Cao Cao were not built by Cao Cao himself. In fact, they were just a group of tombs of emperors and nobles in the Eastern Wei Dynasty and the Northern Qi Dynasty. So where are Cao Cao’s Tombs?
If Cao Cao was called a traitor of the generation, he was not wronged at all. During the Three Kingdoms period, Cao Cao’s suspicions were the most widespread. For example, he killed a friend who was preparing meals for him. He said, “it is better to teach me to defeat the people of the world than the people of the world,” so that the Chinese people will always remember this white faced man. In addition, Cao Cao was always afraid that others would assassinate him. He claimed that he wanted to kill people in his dreams, so strangers should stay away from him during his sleep. Not to mention that there were people who didn’t believe in evil. Once a waiter offered to cover the bed for Cao Cao in his sleep. As a result, Cao Cao killed the unlucky man on the spot. There are numerous examples like this in the Three Kingdoms. Cai Mao and Zhang Yun were killed because of his suspicion.
Cao Cao, as a traitor of a generation, killed countless people but also made great achievements. After his death, he has always been the object of attention of the world, including his final destination, which has also become an important evidence to understand that period of history. Cao Cao seemed to have anticipated this result. As king of Wei, he tried every means to hide his last secret in order not to be disturbed by future generations. Where is Cao Cao’s tomb
2? Suspicious grave? Suspicious grave!
However, to be fair, the ancients attached great importance to the yinzhai, that is, the tomb. This hell house is also a very important knowledge in our country. From the root, Professor Kong once said that “only sending the dead should be a big deal”. This dead man is a big deal. In the eyes of the ancients, this tomb is an important symbol of the future prosperity of the deceased’s family. Feng Shui also includes Yin House and Yang house. Everyone in Yang house knows that Feng Shui is good. What is this called? Upwind and water. When the hell house is closer to the mountain and the water, it has to occupy the first place, regardless of whether it is close to the mountain or the water. As for Cao Cao, after all, he was also a man who was in power for a while. For the sake of future generations, why can’t this grave be too shabby?
Nowadays, there are different opinions about where Cao Cao’s tomb is. The first is that Cao Cao built 72 suspected tombs in the southwest of Yecheng, which is now Cixian County, Hebei Province; The second theory is that Cao Cao was buried under the water. He laid a secret passage at the bottom of the Zhanghe River and set up a mechanism skillfully to prevent tomb theft. That is, the story mentioned in strange stories from a lonely studio. Only when the river dried up can he see the legendary secret passage; The third argument is that Cao Cao was not buried in Yecheng after his death, but outside Xuchang in central Henan Province; The fourth is that Cao Cao was buried under the three platforms of tongquetai in Yecheng, which is now Santai village; The fifth statement is even more interesting. The 72 suspicious tombs are simply not credible. The so-called 72 tombs may be just an imaginary number, and the real tombs may be hidden in the 73 tombs.
There are so many strange theories about Cao Cao’s tomb. Which one is the most correct and accurate? Don’t worry. Listen to me slowly.
3? The tombstone of Cao Cao
As for this ancient tomb, whether it belongs to emperors, generals or ordinary people with or without money, generally speaking, there is a tablet in front of the tomb, which reads the tomb of so and so. Has there ever been such a tablet in front of Cao Cao’s tomb?
Don’t tell me, it’s still well documented. In those days, Cao Cao once wrote an article called “let the county clarify its own ambition”. In this article, Cao Cao once mentioned that his ambition at that time was to set up a monument in the Shinto when he died. He had prepared the monument himself. What was it called? It is called the tomb of Cao Hou, the general of the Han expedition to the West. This is the tenth year of Jian’an, that is to say, the year 210 A.D. But before Cao Cao was about to die, that is, more than a year before the 25th year of Jian’an, that is, the 23rd year of Jian’an, Cao Cao issued another order. He said that after his death, he would be buried in time clothes, and the tomb would not be sealed. What does it mean not to seal the tree? That is to say, there are no mounds and no landmark buildings. So if Cao Cao’s last words are seriously implemented, as mentioned in folklore and novels, some people have seen the stele in Cao Cao’s tomb, which is worth discussing.
But there was a small wooden tombstone in the Han Dynasty, Wei and Jin Dynasties. At the beginning of the 20th century, Professor dengzhicheng of Peking University once wrote a book called “a brief account of the Gu Dong”. According to his records in the book, at that time, it was true that a fellow townsman in Cixian county got the monument and stored it in the county government of Cixian county. But the author didn’t go to see it himself, so it’s unclear what happened later. Judging from these two events, whether Cao Cao set up a tombstone for himself has now become a pending case.
4? Cao Cao’s tomb close at hand
Interestingly, in the past two years, an archaeologist found an important new evidence of the location of Cao Cao’s tomb, that is, an ancient tomb of the northern and Southern Dynasties was found in Linzhang, Hebei Province. The epitaph on the ancient tomb clearly says that the tomb was built next to Cao Cao’s tomb. Through this sentence, people can roughly judge the location of Cao Cao’s tomb.
According to some existing evidence, Cao Cao’s tomb should be near the Zhanghe River, but the problem is that the Zhanghe River has been rebuilt many times, and the tomb of Cao Cao in that year may have been washed away by the Zhanghe River. It is also said that Cao Pi felt sad because the Zhanghe River had destroyed Cao Cao’s tomb and there was no place to sacrifice.
From this point of view, the people’s legend that Cao Cao’s tomb was found at the bottom of the river is not groundless. If you think about it, there are a lot of sealed earth on the tomb. After the tomb was washed away by the flood, the rest of the structure of the tomb may be a brick structure. Because it is very solid, it was left at the bottom of the river. When it was later discovered, it is possible.