Author: Dragon tooth source: a mountain of dragon tooth (id:longyadeyizuoshan)
Recently, many people have invited me to answer the question “how China has changed from a large agricultural country to a powerful agricultural country”. In fact, writing about agriculture is a matter of being scolded. Readers have repeatedly invited me to write about it. If you want to scold, please feel free to write about it.
Agriculture is not only the foundation of a country, but also the road to a strong country. We are faced with many difficulties on the way to realize the leap from a large agricultural country to a powerful agricultural country. At this time, some people always call it “emerging technology and innovation pilot”, but this is not the problem.
The countryside is an existence that can only be viewed from a distance but not blasphemed. It is lovely only if it stays outside the “safe distance”. Once you really go there, you will be faced with the smell of chickens, ducks, cattle, sheep, pigs and dogs everywhere, the garbage thrown everywhere, the moisture of the soil after the rain, and the heavy reality.
So most people like to look at the countryside from afar and comment.
No one wants to stay in the countryside. Once you go deep into the details of the countryside, you have to face a lot of things you simply can’t stand: muddy water, dilapidated houses, hard work, slim hope, calluses on your hands, the root of your tongue everywhere, closed circles, and a meager income. This is a practical problem. No matter how many typical trees you have, or how thick the filter is, it won’t help.
Over the years, I have seen countless people who brush their own KPIs in rural areas. There are many kinds of things. Although they brush them, it’s no problem. The problem is that it’s just a joke. At the beginning, I was angry for those who took the countryside to brush the KPI. Now I am very indifferent. A little topicality can remind people of the world and the countryside. The countryside is not an idyllic pastoral. It is a good thing that so many people live in this world. What else can you do?
The problem in rural areas is not that science and technology are not science and technology at all. It is useless to brush KPIs to implement emerging technologies and core technologies in rural areas. First of all, you should treat farmers as adults, one after another big living people who can think independently and have interest demands. You treat him as a KPI maker. In the final analysis, it is a total discrimination and disrespect.
Put away your hypocrisy!
China, from a big agricultural country to a powerful agricultural country, is very simple. Don’t bother.
The problem of Chinese agriculture, metaphysical and pragmatic, is the primitive accumulation of long-term industrial and agricultural scissors gap for industrialization, resulting in the “deficiency” of the whole agriculture, rural areas and farmers. Today, China’s agriculture is large but not strong. Advanced technology and advanced production methods have been unable to penetrate into the countryside. People with agricultural work experience can feel this more or less.
There are requirements for the application of advanced technology. At least you should have cost performance. You should have operators. Is this realistic? What advanced technologies can the purchase price of more than one piece of grain support? Can you afford to pay the personnel who operate these technologies?
If the advanced production mode infiltrates into the countryside, you should at least have a perfect judicial system at the end. Without a clean and upright judicial system, there will be no business environment. Who dares to invest? Who can implement modern management? Before the removal of townships and the consolidation of towns, a township with a population of 10000 or 20000 had no police, only a “Sheriff”. How could such a judicial environment do business? Most of them rely on the villagers’ autonomy without separation between the administration and the judiciary to solve the problem. To put it bluntly, it is just a matter of peace: it is more than enough to maintain the stability of the rural social situation when the time comes. It is a joke to attract investment and a modern management system.
The difficulty of things in the world is that they are always multifaceted.
If we just “solve the rural problems in order to solve the rural problems”, we will invest the main administrative and judicial resources in the rural areas. 2000 people will be equipped with a police, a township and a court, and the purchase price of grain will be 10 yuan a kilo, OK?
In that case, cities, industries and the whole country will be in disorder. Raising so many administrative and judicial staff means huge taxes and heavy financial burden. High food prices mean heavy living costs. When the rural problems are solved, the urban problems should come.
This is a matter of “pressing the gourd to float the ladle”.
I live in the countryside and am engaged in agriculture. As a farmer, I certainly hope that the price of grain and vegetables will fly to the sky tomorrow, and the income from farming alone will reach tens of millions a year; Every village has a police station, and all things are solved by written laws. If you steal a vegetable from me, it is theft, not village cadres coming to make peace.
Then came the collapse of the whole country, the collapse of the manufacturing industry, the collapse of the industrial chain, and the reversal of the national destiny. Supporting so much financial burden will inevitably lead to high tax rates. The heavy cost of living will cause low-income people in cities to rush back to the countryside. China as a whole will go to industrialization and become a pure agricultural country again. Decades of hard work will be destroyed.
It is necessary to carry a full meal and a full meal. Revelry overnight will pay a price.
In reality, China’s agriculture is far from “big” or “strong”. However, the per capita food consumption index of Chinese residents is comparable to that of medium-sized developed countries. Behind this is the hard work of Chinese farmers, their long-term cultivation facing the Loess and facing the sky, and their fishing for the whole agriculture.
Today, “deficiency without compensation” has become an apparent symptom of China’s agriculture. If we can’t see this, we either don’t understand it or pretend to be stupid.
As a matter of fact, few agricultural policies and measures to benefit farmers can be implemented. After reading a draft at the summing up meeting, only a few of them fall into the hands of farmers. Several fundamental problems have shown a worsening trend rather than an improvement. Especially after the removal of townships and towns and the merger of administrative villages, this problem has become more serious.
1. Medical treatment: the aging of the rural population is extremely serious, and the medical resources are further lost. It is becoming normal to have to go to the city for minor diseases;
2. Administration: rural land, rural houses and even quite a lot of assets. The current situation of property rights management is chaotic, property rights are not clear, and the problems left over by history are prominent. No one can solve them at all, and there are not enough people to solve them;
3. Judicature: it is not a serious criminal case, and basically no one will take care of it. Ordinary civil disputes and public security cases are basically amicable, relying on “villagers’ autonomy”, that is, fooling things and playing 30 big cards each. It doesn’t matter to the farmers themselves. If you want to introduce external capital enterprises, it’s just funny;
4. Education: educational resources are further shrinking and fleeing. Who will be a teacher in rural areas if there is a way out? “Moving China” every year shows that the problem has not improved at all. If there is a fundamental improvement, there is no need to “move China”;
5. Culture: this question is too much to talk about. If you want to talk about it, it is the “Cultural Square”. How dare you say that it does not exist? The question is, why is mahjong parlor so popular?
It is an indisputable fact that the rural population is rapidly decreasing and aging. Rural areas are vast and sparsely populated, and the over intensive allocation of administrative, judicial, medical, educational and cultural resources is simply unrealistic.
What is this?
This is a vicious circle.
So don’t sing any high-profile here, and you don’t need to play diode thinking here. The reality is very heavy. These things can just hide in the cafes and lattices in the city. Once they get to the land, they will fall over.
All social groups and economic industries are based on human beings.
Without big living people, this social group and this industry will fall into the visible “deficiency without compensation”. Everything that seems good and reasonable on the surface cannot be absorbed. This is the biggest difficulty for China to move from a big agricultural country to an agricultural power.
How to overcome it?
There is no use in applying one size fits all. We can only solve the problem from the perspective of industry: only with money can there be people, and only with people can all good things follow. The agricultural industry must make money, but it can not cause the rise of the social cost of living. How big is this reasonable range? This is not a question that this article can answer. It requires extensive social research and data collation. It is a “hard” job. I won’t talk about it here.
In short, talk about “core technologies and emerging technologies” is just a dream.
Let the farmers make some money.