“Slash youth” 100 years ago: How did literary and artistic youth become representatives of the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China?

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In 1918, before leaving for Jinan to study, wangjinmei boarded qiaoyoushan in front of the village, said goodbye to her hometown, looked at the Weihe River going east, had thousands of thoughts, and left a poem:

Who is in charge of the ups and downs

A battlefield through the ages

Weihe cement and sand carried into the sea

Zhengzheng Qiao has seen the vicissitudes of life

In his works, there is no joy of “complacency and horseshoe disease”, but a cold look at the times and a warm-blooded pride in his chest. At that time, although China was a vast country, it was languishing and the great powers were leering.

On June 14, 1898, wangjinmei was born in a tenant farmer’s family in Dabei Xing Village, Zhucheng City, Shandong Province. Her original name was wangruijun. Before wangjinmei was born, her father suddenly fell ill and died. When he was a teenager, her grandfather also died of illness. Wang Jinmei’s grandmother had to work as a servant in the landlord’s house, while her mother worked day and night spinning at home to make a living. The poor family and the exploitation and oppression of the landlord family made Wang Jinmei eager to change her fate.

After the outbreak of the revolution of 1911, the progressive spirit and thought swept the land of China. Wang Jinmei learned more knowledge, broadened her horizons, had a new understanding of the surrounding environment, and her thoughts had changed greatly. In a debate, wangjinmei stated her views:

If you kill one Yuan Shikai, there will be another Yuan Shikai. In China, there is a more powerful weapon than bombs, that is, the working masses. If you arouse them and rely on them, you can defeat the reactionary forces and foreign powers.

This year, wangjinmei was 16 years old.


In 1919, the May 4th movement spread across the country. Wang Jinmei, who was in Jinan, became the leader of the Shandong student union. He called on and organized students to go on strike, held demonstrations and speeches, exposed the Japanese imperialist aggression against China and the humiliating acts of the Beijing authorities, and called on people from all walks of life to strive to save the country.

During the summer vacation, he returned to his hometown and privately used the relationship between relatives, friends, teachers and friends as a bridge to mobilize activists in schools in various cities, contacted and organized the national salvation Federation of all walks of life, organized the printing and distribution of leaflets, banned Japanese goods within a time limit, and banned the export of materials from the mainland.

In this magnificent revolutionary torrent, Wang Jinmei’s patriotism was expressed, and he seemed to see the hope of the motherland. However, this also made wangjinmei realize that it was a drop in the bucket to save the country and the people by immersing herself in reading and not asking about politics. So he made up his mind,

We should combine reading with revolutionary activities, and be down-to-earth.

In order to organize the patriotic and anti imperialist progressives after the May 4th movement,

In the autumn of 1920, he and Deng Enming initiated and organized the “Lixin society” and founded the semimonthly Lixin to actively study and publicize new ideas and new culture.

Lixin, morning bell news, Shandong Labor weekly, etc. co founded by wangjinmei

During the May 4th movement, Wang Jinmei’s actions, especially during the summer vacation when he returned to his hometown, cultivated a number of backbone members of the movement in his hometown, experienced the great power of the May 4th Movement radiating from big cities to backward villages, and exercised his propaganda and organizational ability. His understanding of the mass forces and the experience accumulated in the movement foreshadowed his next step.

In the spring of 1921, with the secret help and specific guidance of Li Dazhao,

Wangjinmei, dengenming and others established a Communist group in Jinan, sowing the seeds of revolution in Qilu.

At the end of June, 1921, Wang Jinmei and Deng Enming went to Shanghai to attend the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China. At the Congress, Wang Jinmei reported on the process of the formation of the party organization in Shandong, and expounded her own thoughts and views on the situation and tasks at that time. Her speech was elegant, calm, young and full of vitality, which left a deep impression on the participants.

“The rich and the poor see the battlefield, and perfection is only liberation.”

This is a poem written by wangjinmei after she participated in the “First National Congress”. She also changed the original name of wangruijun to wangjinmei to show her ambition.

Statues of wangjinmei and dengenming

After the “First National Congress” of the Communist Party of China was closed, wangjinmei returned to Shandong. He often worked and studied in the first normal school of Shandong Province during the day and went out to carry out revolutionary activities at night. Later, the school authorities expelled Wang Jinmei from school because of an article entitled “the problem of rice bowl” published on the school’s wall newspaper, attacking the corruption of the education system and the numbness of teachers. From then on, wangjinmei broke away from her student life and became a professional revolutionary at the age of 23.

In january1922, the Comintern held the first Congress of the Communist parties and national revolutionary organizations in the Far East in Moscow. The Communist Party of China appointed zhangguotao, wangjinmei, Deng Enming and others to attend. For wangjinmei, the Soviet Union has always been the holy land of revolution he yearns for. In order to explore the road of transforming China, wangjinmei wants to see for herself what the Soviet Union is like after the revolution. After the meeting, wangjinmei and other representatives stayed in Soviet Russia for nearly half a year. He saw the hope and future of his motherland from the facts he heard and witnessed.

Lenin receives dengenming and wangjinmei

After the second National Congress of the Communist Party of China, wangjinmei was retained in the central organ of the Communist Party of China and specialized in the work of the labor movement. He became one of the heads of the Secretariat of the Secretariat of China’s labor combination department and participated in the formulation of the outline of China’s labor law. Later, wangjinmei was secretly sent to Shanhai customs to carry out the labor movement.

There are no party organizations or trade unions in Shanhai Pass. The workers here are divided into gangs according to regions. For a 24-year-old Communist Party member, it is extremely difficult to carry out the workers’ movement in the face of complex situations when he comes to a completely strange environment alone. Wangjinmei came to Shanhaiguan iron factory under the pseudonym of liuruijun and became an apprentice at the bottom,

During the day, he worked hard for workers, and at night, he set up a night school for workers to teach workers culture and publicize revolutionary principles to workers.

Wangjinmei used simple and easy to understand principles to express the aspirations of the workers, and soon drew closer to the workers. Then he began to explain Marxism Leninism step by step, calling on everyone to get rid of narrow Gang stereotypes and unite to take charge of their own destiny. Before long, more and more people listened to Wang Jinmei.

In September, 1922, wangjinmei initiated the establishment of the workers’ Club of Qinhuangdao Mining Bureau. At this point, the workers in Shanhaiguan and Qinhuangdao were organized under the leadership of wangjinmei, making ideological and organizational preparations for the climax of the Beijing Fenghua railway workers’ movement. At 8 a.m. on October 9, 1922, Wang Jinmei, together with members of the workers’ club, led more than 1100 workers to the Railway West of Shanhaiguan station

Strike movement

Just as the revolutionary cause set sail, an unfortunate news suddenly came. In her hard life, Wang Jinmei became ill from overwork and became infected with pulmonary tuberculosis. At that time, tuberculosis was almost an incurable disease, and its mortality rate was as high as 65%. At that time, even the most brilliant doctors could only implement conservative therapy, on the premise that patients should ensure good nutrition and adequate rest.

However, Wang Jinmei not only did not have any treatment, but also ran along the Jiaotong Jinan railway, and deeply organized and carried out the workers’ movement.

In July, 1925, the party organization sent Wang Jinmei, whose condition deteriorated rapidly, to the best hospital in Qingdao for treatment. However, nothing could save the young man’s life.

On August 19, 1925, in Qingdao, Shandong Province, a 27 year old young man was lying on his sickbed. On his deathbed, he left a solemn will:

“All comrades should work hard for the party, fight to the end for the liberation of the proletariat and all mankind and the complete realization of Communism!”

On August 19, 1925, Comrade Wang Jinmei died at the age of 27.

On August 21, 1961, on his way to Wuhan, comrade dongbiwu fondly missed Wang Jinmei and wrote a poem “recalling Comrade Wang Jinmei” on the train:

Met at the meeting forty years ago

The South Lake boat speaks calmly

How many famous people in Jinan know

Jun and Enming are not old Matsu


Memories by dongbiwu

Comrade wangjinmei

Taking the rejuvenation of the country and the nation as its own responsibility, Comrade Wang Jinmei’s life was a glorious and fighting life.

“The great river has gone East, and the vagrants have gone all the way through the ages”. Comrade wangjinmei has spent 27 spring and autumn years casting her blood on the land of China, engraved her childlike love on historical monuments, and ignited the flame of Communist victory with her youth. We inherit the courage of our predecessors; We are ashamed of the achievements of our predecessors; We should remember the name of our predecessors: “you have a good comrade in Shandong, Wang Jinmei.”—— Chairman Mao made a point of talking about it during his inspection in Qingdao.

Source: Central Committee of the Communist Youth League

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