On January 20, 1046 BC, King Wu of Zhou led 47000 elite troops of various princes to fight a decisive battle in Muye with 170000 troops of King Zhou of Shang Dynasty. At last, King Wu of Zhou defeated many with few. King Zhou of Shang Dynasty committed suicide after escaping to the court song. This war is the first large-scale war with written records in Chinese history. It is also a decisive battle of life and death for the change of dynasties.
At the end of the Shang Dynasty, King Zhou was fatuous, extravagant and tyrannical. Many times, the ministers in the court were rejected by King Zhou. At this time, the young master Bigan risked his life to go to the palace and strongly remonstrated. King Zhou of Shang Dynasty became angry and ordered the executioner to cut Bigan’s heart and put him to death.
King Wen of Zhou, a vassal in Xiqi, was also imprisoned by King Zhou of Shang. King Zhou of Shang even killed King Wen’s son to make meat sauce and gave it to King Wen to eat. King Wen of Zhou endured humiliation and ate his son’s meat sauce with tears in his eyes. In a few years, King Wen of Zhou practiced the book of changes in the place where he was imprisoned, dispelled the suspicion of King Zhou of Shang Dynasty, and returned to his hometown. In Xiqi, King Wen stepped up his crusade against King Zhou and recruited talents. At this time, Jiang Taigong also came to Xiqi and said that he would assist the Western Zhou Dynasty to seize the world.
King Zhou of Shang Dynasty’s perverse acts aroused the anger of people all over the world. After the death of King Wen of Zhou, King Wu of Zhou judged the situation and measured the situation. With the help of jiangtaigong and the influence of his father King Wen of Zhou, he formed an alliance with the princes of the world in today’s Lianmeng mountain in Huojia county to jointly attack King Zhou. Just one day’s war made 170000 troops of the Shang Dynasty turn against each other. King Zhou of the Shang Dynasty was cornered and set himself on fire in Lutai. King Wu of Zhou and Jiang Taigong enfeoffed the princes and established the Western Zhou regime.