The Han Dynasty implemented the “five-day working system”

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Huo Guang, a civil servant in the Han Dynasty

As far back as the Han Dynasty, China implemented the “five-day working system”, which did not end until the Sui Dynasty.

In ancient times, vacation was called “rest”, “bath”, “bath” and so on. According to the records of “historical records · biographies of the Japanese”, Jia Yi, the author of “on crossing the Qin Dynasty” and a celebrity of the Han Dynasty, and his colleague song Zhong “went out to bathe on the same day”, and the “bathe” here is a vacation.

Zhang Shouyi of the Tang Dynasty said in his book “justice”: “Han officials take a bath every five days.” “Han Dynasty · Shi Fen biography” also said: “build old white head, Wan Shi Jun is still healthy. Wash and bathe every five days to pay homage to relatives…” the words “wash and bathe” and “wash and bathe” in the text all mean vacation.

Once officials of the Han Dynasty entered the court, they could not leave without authorization for five days in a row, and their meals and accommodation were in the “unit”. Some officials from other places who work in Chang’an, the capital, ride horses to the suburbs at work, foster their horses at friends’ homes, and ride home after five days of rest.

Jiang Zong, a poet of the Sui Dynasty, wrote in his “spring poetry of the mountain court”: “bathing lasts only five days, and staying late is opposite to a high place.” It can be seen that the “five-day working system” was still being implemented in the late Sui Dynasty.

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