The integrity of “scholars”: deciphering why Jing Ke did not stab the king of Qin

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Jing Ke assassinated the king of Qin, and the picture was poor. Jing Ke seized the king of Qin and stabbed him with a dagger. The king of Qin (later

First Emperor of Qin

?I didn’t think Jing Ke would stab him at all. My brain didn’t react. It just struggled instinctively. The hall was full of ministers, but they were stunned by the accident, and all of them were dumbfounded. At this time, it was very easy for Jing Ke to stab the king of Qin, but Jing Ke did not stab him. He just held on to the first emperor of Qin.

Qinshihuang finally broke away, and the ministers finally woke up. Jing Ke was killed.

When the king of Qin could be killed immediately, Jing Ke did not assassinate the king of Qin. Why?

Is it Jing Ke who has compassion?

We can speculate that Jing Ke was in the mood when he caught the king of Qin. When Jing Ke suddenly pulled the clothes of the king of Qin, Jing Ke’s heart should be extremely complex.

The first feeling is joy. After years of planning, organization and training, the king of Qin was finally captured. This organization commanded the Qin army to defeat the princes of Qi, Chu, Yan, Han, Zhao and Wei. The king of Qin was firmly in his hands to see where you were going. King Qin, it’s nothing special.

The second feeling should be strange. The king of Qin in his own hands is also very ordinary. He is not as vicious as people think. Looking at his face, which had become a little ridiculous because of his shock, it was especially funny. In the past, people described him as a God, holding him in their hands, that is, a person.

The third feeling should be shock. The Qin court is so strict in etiquette that all the armed guards are standing under the court, but they dare not come up to help. It turns out that people also have weaknesses. The rule that no weapons are allowed to go to the temple without listening to the call can turn an army into a group of waste.

Although the mood is complex, the sense of mission is the dominant factor. How much did Yan Prince Dan pay for his voluntary assassination of Qin. Endless banquets, accompanied by turns

beauty

? When Jing Ke said goodbye to Yan Prince Dan at the Bank of Yishui, he had made a determination to die and vowed not to disgrace his mission. How could he have compassion today?

Jing Ke should understand that he is not qualified to send compassion. He knew that his current dominant position was temporary, and the officials of the Qin Dynasty would soon wake up. At that time, the enemy he faced was not a king of Qin.

Jing Ke will never have compassion.

So, is Jing Ke afraid?

It seems not.

Some people were afraid, but it was not Jing Ke, but his deputy envoy qinwuyang. This man has killed people in his teens. It seems that he is bold. It’s strange that Qin Wuyang had nothing to do with killing people. Instead, he was asked by Prince YAN Dan to be Jing Ke’s deputy envoy. This shows that the rule of law in Yan state is relaxed and the regime is backward. In the state of Qin, not to mention killing people is a private fight, but it also needs to be tattooed on the face.

Qinwuyang was a murderer, but he was so scared that he trembled all over the hall of King Qin. The Minister of Qin Court felt very strange about Qin Wuyang’s trembling and asked Jing Ke what was going on? Jing Ke calmly replied that he was frightened by the majesty of the king of Qin. The king of Qin and his ministers smiled knowingly.

Qin Wuyang trembled with fear, and Jing Ke was calm as usual. Jing Ke obviously had no fear at all.

To be afraid or not depends not entirely on a person’s courage, but more on his consciousness and determination.

Jing Ke is a scholar. “Scholar” was a special social stratum in the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period. When such people first came into the public eye, they were poor and destitute. They had no property and no social status. They held empty fists and were nothing. But many of them are well-educated and have unique and penetrating views on the general trend of the world. Those who use these people can often enrich the country and strengthen the army or obtain huge benefits. These “scholars” lobby

success

, I can also go straight up to the clouds, “in the morning, I will be Tian she Lang, and in the evening, I will ascend the emperor’s hall”. Shang Yang, fan Ju and Bai Lixi of the state of Qin, pangjuan of the state of Wei, Guan Zhong of the state of Qi, Wuzixu of the state of Wu, maosui and Suqin of the state of Zhao are excellent representatives of these “scholars”.

There are many people who seek official positions based on their talents in history. Zhugeliang, Zhou Yu, pangtong, Guo Jia and others were all famous “scholars” during the Three Kingdoms period, who suddenly rose to the top. The spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period lasted for a long time, about 500 years. There were many vassal states in this period. As many vassal states as King Wu of Zhou granted. In the spring and Autumn period, the more active vassal states were Qi, Chu, Jin, Qin, Yan, Zheng, Wei, song, Cao and other vassal states. During the Warring States period, there were Qi, Chu, Yan, Han, Zhao, Wei, Qin and other countries. When there are many vassal states, there will be many contradictions. If negotiations do not lead to war, these “scholars” will find the most suitable stage for their own performance. It is not empty words to make a nation prosperous or lose a nation. The kings and ministers in power of the vassal states have never felt that talents are so important, and they have posted recruitment lists one after another. The “scholars” came and went among various countries, United vertically and horizontally to show their abilities, and formed a huge “Scholar” class, which was a remarkable feature of the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period.

If you are a scholar, you must have the integrity of a scholar. The death of a scholar as a confidant was not only the requirement of the society for the moral standards of scholars at that time, but also the moral norms that “scholars” demanded of themselves. Only “scholars” who can do this can be welcomed by officialdom. Only a “Scholar” with this moral standard can make a career and realize his life value.

It should be admitted that many of the “scholars” at that time were running for promotion and wealth, but there were also many people who wanted to do something. Zhang Yi offended King Huai of Chu. In order to obtain the land of Chu and Guizhou to offer to the state of Qin, she took the initiative to ask to be sent to the state of Chu again. Was he not afraid that King Huai of Chu would kill him? Zhang Yi knew that King Huai of Chu had sharpened his knife and was waiting for him, but he went anyway. What kind of wealth can be as valuable as life, but in the eyes of “scholars”, it is more valuable than life to fully display their talents. Zhang Yi once again made Chu, and with a little effort, King Huai of Chu put down his butcher’s knife. The monarch of a big country is so called Zhang Yi that he coaxes him around. Zhang Yi can be regarded as having paid for his ambition and being satisfied.

Talking about “scholars” for a long time is to analyze the mentality of Jing Ke. Jing Ke is not afraid of death, because he has political aspirations to support him. If he really stabbed the king of Qin, he would be famous in history and immortal forever.

With this courage and insight, Jing Ke instructed the Qin court as if there were no one else. Qin Wuyang didn’t have such courage and insight. He was so scared at the Qin court that he trembled all over.

Since Jing Ke had no compassion and was not afraid, why didn’t he stab queen Qin when he caught him? It turned out that Jing Ke had another idea. After he was cut down by the king of Qin, he said that he wanted to catch you and asked you to promise not to attack Yan again. Unexpectedly, he told you to break free.

Oh, it turned out that Jing Ke wanted to catch the king of Qin and told him to promise to give up attacking the state of Yan under the threat of a sharp blade. That’s why Jing Ke caught the king of Qin and didn’t assassinate him.

This idea of Jing Ke is certainly not in the plan formulated by Yan Prince Dan. Jing Ke changed his action plan without authorization and lost the game.

Jing Ke’s idea is too naive. In the history of the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, there were also some people who kidnapped the other king and forced the other king to promise something in order to safeguard the dignity of their vassal state. But time has changed, and these practices are not suitable for the king of Qin.

In the history of the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period. There are many examples of holding monarchs hostage. The most famous and successful are the following two things.

First, Lin Xiangru returned to Zhao with perfect beauty.

During the reign of King Huiwen of Zhao, the state of Zhao obtained the famous Heshi Bi. After hearing the news, King Zhao of Qin immediately sent envoys to the state of Zhao and offered to exchange the fifteen cities for the Heshi Bi. It’s a good deal to exchange one yuan for fifteen cities. However, King zhaohuiwen and his ministers knew very well that the state of Qin would not take out 15 cities to exchange for one piece of Bi. It was false to exchange for a piece of Bi and it was true to seize it.

But if you don’t agree to the request of the state of Qin, the state of Qin will beat you on the pretext of your unfriendliness. At that time, people in the state of Qin were afraid of people, just like a superpower today. If you want to fight, you can fight. If you have no excuse, you can fight. If you have an excuse, you have to fight.

At that time, the state of Zhao was like a developing country today. It was afraid of being beaten by the state of Qin and dared not offend the state of Qin. However, it was unwilling to be bullied by the state of Qin and sent the Heshi Bi for nothing.

At this time, someone recommended linxiangru, the “Scholar” under his door. King zhaohuiwen seemed to have met a great Savior, and immediately sent Lin Xiangru and Heshi Bi to the state of Qin.

Linxiangru’s task is very simple. The state of Qin should not be bullied.

After Lin Xiangru arrived in the state of Qin, King Zhao of Qin summoned him immediately. King Zhao of Qin was extremely happy to see Heshi Bi. He looked at it for himself and passed it on to the ministers. He also called all the beauties in the backyard and passed it on to them.

Everyone is appreciating the Heshi Bi, and the fifteen cities are not mentioned.

Lin Xiangru was not in a hurry. He respectfully said to the king of Qin that there was something wrong with this Bi. I will point it out to the king. King Zhao of Qin didn’t think about anything, so he sent the Bi to Lin Xiangru and waited for Lin Xiangru to point out the faults of He Shi Bi.

When Lin Xiangru got the Heshi Bi, his face suddenly changed. He stepped back to the pillar and criticized the king of Qin for showing only the Heshi Bi to beautiful women and not mentioning the fifteen cities at all. Obviously, he was insincere. He asked the king of Qin to immediately deliver the fifteen cities to be exchanged to the state of Zhao. If you force me to take the Heshi Bi from my hands, I will smash the Heshi Bi on the pillar, and then I will touch the pillar to commit suicide.

King Zhao of Qin has suffered a great loss this time. Fearing that the Heshi Bi would be smashed, he immediately sent for a map, pointed to the fifteen cities and said, “give these fifteen cities to the state of Zhao. Now give me the Heshi Bi.”.

Fifteen cities are all on paper. Who are you kidding. Lin Xiangru said seriously that the king of Zhao fasted for five days in order to give the Heshi Bi to the state of Qin. Now he also asked the king to fasted for five days and offer the Bi after five days.

Five days later, the king of Qin wanted to make peace with his family. Linxiangru replied that the fifteen cities Qin gave Zhao were guarded by Qin soldiers and could not be exchanged; I have sent someone back to the state of Zhao; If the state of Qin really ceded the fifteen cities to the state of Zhao, and the state of Zhao took over, the Heshi Bi would naturally be given to the state of Qin.

King Zhao of Qin has never been tricked like this. He wanted to kill Lin Xiangru. The ministers advised the king of Qin that he would not be able to get the Heshi Bi if he killed Lin Xiangru. It would be better to let him go back.

King Zhao of Qin also felt guilty. The fifteen cities were still under the jurisdiction of the state of Qin. The state of Zhao didn’t get an inch of land. How could Lin Xiangru give up his Heshi Bi and let Lin Xiangru go back.

King Zhao of Qin didn’t give fifteen cities to the state of Zhao. Naturally, the state of Zhao didn’t give the king of Qin and his family Bi.

In this negotiation, linxiangru took advantage of the favorable conditions of the king of Qin who loved Heshi Bi and threatened death to safeguard the interests and dignity of Zhao Guo, which was passed on as a good talk.

Another thing about the “Scholar” single holding the emperor is to offer himself. Mao Sui was a “Scholar” under the screen of Zhao Guoping. Pingyuan Jun loves “scholars”. There are 3000 scholars under the curtain, which is not rare.

In the Changping battle, Qin killed all the more than 400000 people in the state of Zhao by baiqikeng, and then surrounded Handan, the capital of the state of Zhao. The army and people of Handan held fast to the city, and the Qin army could not attack it for a while. But without the help of fresh troops, Handan would fall sooner or later.

At this critical juncture of life and death, Prince Pingyuan came between the states of Wei and Chu and asked for help from the two countries. The king of Wei sent a senior general, Jin Bi, to lead 100000 Wei troops to reinforce Handan, but secretly instructed Jin Bi to act according to the situation. Jin Bi understood the meaning of the king of Wei and stood still on the way.

Mr. Pingyuan was helpless. He took twenty “scholars” to the state of Chu to ask for help. Strictly speaking, Mr. Pingyuan didn’t bring twenty “scholars” with him. He should have brought nineteen and a half. That “half” is maosui. He is not good at words. He is short. Although he is carrying a sword, he is a disabled person. Mr. Pingyuan doesn’t pay much attention to him. As a third-class scholar, he is the lowest.

When Prince Pingyuan went to the state of Chu, he was supposed to take twenty “scholars” with him. When he counted them, only nineteen were qualified, and one was still missing. Mao Sui stood up and recommended himself. I was one of them. Mr. Pingyuan laughed in his heart. What talent do you have? A talented person is like an awl in a cloth bag. The tip of the awl immediately pierces the pocket and shows up. Mao Sui argued that my awl had not been exposed from the cloth bag because you had never put me in the cloth bag. Now please put me in the cloth bag.

Prince Pingyuan secretly claimed that he was not a simple man, so he put him in a “cloth bag” and took him to the state of Chu.

At this time, the king of Chu was king kaolie. He didn’t want to send troops. Prince Pingyuan told him in the court for a whole day, but there was no result. The “scholars” below were all very anxious. Only Mao Sui walked up and down the steps.

Suddenly, Mao Sui jumped up the steps without the guard’s attention. The guard wanted to pull but didn’t. Mao Sui quickly ascended to the high palace of the king of Chu and shouted with his sword. Why can’t he decide after so long? The king of Chu was startled and ordered him to go down. Mao Sui pulled out his sword and angrily denounced the king of Chu. What are you shouting about? Aren’t you all your people here? However, those people are not here. Now we are here. If I wave my sword, your head will fall off. What are you fierce.

King kaolie understood that this was the state of Chu, and there were all his own people around, but they could not help at the moment. King kaolie softened and asked Mao Sui to speak. Mao Sui counted the tragic events of King Huai of Chu who was cheated by the state of Qin and was finally imprisoned and killed in the state of Qin. He pointed out that it was the time for revenge. Are you so afraid of death, not afraid of the ancestors of the state of Chu cursing you? King kaolie was persuaded and immediately agreed to send troops. Mao Sui asked Zhao Chu’s people in the court to make an oath together.

Chun Shen Jun led the Chu army to help Handan, and Xin Ling Jun also captured the Wei and Jin Dynasties’ despicable army to help Handan. When the Qin army saw that several fresh troops had arrived, they withdrew.

These two examples are really thought-provoking. It is estimated that Jing Ke has also studied them in depth. But he didn’t tell Yan taizidan that he would go to the Qin court to implement his plan. If he had told him in advance, it would be bad.

Jing Ke may think that Lin Xiangru can do what Mao Sui can do, and he can do the same. But he did not notice that such a way of fighting could not be simply imitated. Why? The situation has changed.

Lin Xiangru returned to Zhao completely. The king of Qin had nothing to do with him because he liked the Heshi Bi and threw it away. In order to kill Lin Xiangru, he smashed the Heshi Bi. It was a bargain. The king of Qin Zhao could not do it.

Mao Sui forced king kaolie to send troops. There was a political foundation. The state of Qin had a terrible situation in the whole state of Chu. The king of a great vassal state asked Zhang Yi to cheat him into being shut down in Xianyang, which made him unpopular. Mao Sui knew this. The people of Chu would not send troops without this pain. Even if I am forced to sign an oath and a contract for the time being, I will certainly tear up the contract afterwards. I will not send troops. How dare you treat me.

It seems that Jing Ke did not study these two cases thoroughly. He did not have time to think calmly when he was in Yan state. The continuous banquets, endless beauties and the urging of Yan Prince Dan made Jing Ke unable to calm down and think carefully, and the result was that he was on the verge of success.

Now we can imagine what Jing Ke should do to catch the king of Qin after he went to the Qin court. The correct approach is that Jing Ke should take the martial arts action of “sealing the throat” when he catches the queen of Qin. In this way, the king of Qin will lose his resistance and may force him to submit. Jing Ke, however, only grasped one arm of the king of Qin and did not control him, which was obviously the result of a lack of serious thinking.

Well, even if Jing Ke controlled the king of Qin and forced the king of Qin to promise not to attack the state of Yan again, what can he do. The king of Qin promised your terms. You should let go of the king of Qin. You can’t hold him hostage all the time.

The king of Qin has been released. What will happen to him? Will he really order not to attack Yan again? No. The state of Qin was a faithless vassal state. The state of Qin wanted to fight the state of Qi and sent Zhang Yi to persuade the state of Chu, which had a treaty of alliance with the state of Qi, to break off diplomatic relations with Qi. Zhang Yi told King Huai of Chu that as long as you break off diplomatic ties with the state of Qi, the state of Qin will give you a place of 600 Li. King Huai of Chu believed it and broke off diplomatic relations with the state of Qi. He sent someone to the state of Qin to ask Zhang Yi for this 600 Li place. Zhang Yi pretended to be surprised and said, when did I promise to give you a six li place.

King Huai of Chu was deceived, but it was too late. Obviously, Zhang Yi’s activities were approved and connived by the king of Qin.

If the state of Qin is not trustworthy, which vassal state is trustworthy? Didn’t Chu and Qi have a military cooperation treaty? But for the sake of sixhundred miles, the state of Chu immediately broke off diplomatic relations with the state of Qi. It doesn’t look like keeping promises.

Jing Ke let go of the king of Qin. The next thing is that the king of Qin ordered to arrest Jing Ke, and then sent a large army to attack the state of Yan.

It’s strange that Mao Sui did not force king kaolie of Chu to make an oath. The state of Chu immediately sent Chunshen to lead the Chu army to help Handan? How can you be sure that the king Qin League will turn its face and send a large army to attack the state of Yan after vowing.

The answer is simple. One moment is another. When Mao Sui said about King kaolie, King kaolie himself was hesitant. He wanted to avenge King Huai of Chu and was afraid of losing the war. After Mao Sui said that he was hurt, he resolutely ordered to send troops. When Jing Ke assassinated King Qin, the Warring States period was drawing to a close. The Qin army swept the world like a banquet. It was only a matter of time before Yan was destroyed. Why did the king of Qin stop attacking Yan? Now, what else can stop Qin from destroying Yan?

Jing Ke’s idea is obviously unrealistic.

Even the assassination of the king of Qin was also a rash act of Yan Prince Dan and Jing Ke. Is it possible that Prince Dan Yan sent Jing Ke to assassinate Qin in an attempt to prevent Qin from attacking Yan?

Well, we might as well imagine that if Jing Ke really assassinated the king of Qin, what would happen next?

First, Jing Ke was arrested and executed. If Jing Ke was executed and the state of Qin really stopped its attack on the state of Yan, Jing Ke’s death would be worth it. The question is, will the state of Qin really stop the war of annexation because the king of Qin (later the first emperor of Qin) was assassinated?

The answer is No.

In feudal autocratic society, the death of a king would indeed have a great impact on the rise and fall of the country. The Zhou Dynasty was good. The king Youwang of Zhou made a fool of himself, and the war fire played on the princes. As a result, the country was destroyed and people died. Duke Huan of Qi was the first of the five hegemons in the spring and Autumn period. How powerful. After Guanzhong’s death, Duke Huan of Qi got close to the villain and was hurt by the villain. When Duke Huan of Qi died, civil strife broke out in the state of Qi, and the national power weakened rapidly. The actions and death of a king would indeed bring prosperity or decline to the country.

But this rule does not apply to the state of Qin when Jing Ke assassinated the king of Qin.

First of all, through the efforts of more than 20 generations of kings, the state of Qin has become a “superpower”, which has a set of systems, armaments, economy and laws. After years of war, the situation of world unification has taken shape. The state of Qin has already climbed to the top of the annexation war, and the next thing is to rush down. Countless huge chariots rushed down to a broken village. The head of the chariot overturned, killing people. Countless other chariots still roared toward the broken village. What else could stop them. The king of Qin is dead, but the state of Qin is still there. The king is dead, and the ministers are still there. Victory is in sight. Will the Qin parliament stop its attack?

The new king of Qin will soon stand up after his death. This king is likely to be Fusu, the eldest son of King Qin (Qinshihuang). Fusu was a young prince. He was well educated, respected the king of Qin, and had political insight. He also handled some policy issues on behalf of the king of Qin (later the first emperor of Qin). He had a good relationship with Meng Tian, the generals of Qin, and had a solid foundation.

After the death of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty, Fusu was killed by Zhao Gaojiao. This is an unfavorable condition that Zhao Gaoli used Fusu to supervise the army at Mengtian, not in the center and not well informed. When Jingke assassinated Qin, Fusu was in Xianyang. How big was Fusu then? According to my research, he is at least ten years old. The ancients were precocious, ascended the throne in their teens and took care of state affairs. Zheng zhuanggong is an example. When he became king of the state of Zheng at the age of 17, he handled the rebellion of his younger brother Duan very well. What is the problem with Fusu succeeding the king of the state of Qin in his teens.

If Fusu were a muddle headed and lazy man, a series of changes might take place in the state of Qin, but Fusu was not.

There is no biography for supporting the Soviet Union in the history books. We can only learn about supporting the Soviet Union from the records of the first emperor of Qin.

First of all, Fusu worships his father, Qinshihuang. His father asked him to supervise the army here in Mengtian, so he came here to supervise the army. Mengtian’s 300000 troops were specially used to deal with the Huns. They were stationed far away from the prosperous cities. The conditions were difficult, but Fusu still came. After the death of Qinshihuang, Zhao Gaojiao ordered Fusu and Mengtian to die. Meng Tian didn’t do it. Who knows whether it was a real imperial edict or a fake imperial edict. However, Fusu did as Jiao ordered, and ended up on his own.

This Fusu, who reveres his father Qinshihuang very much, if he succeeds as king, he will issue orders to clean up all the kings of Yan state. Jing Ke assassinated the king of Qin in exchange for a greater disaster.

Fusu had a deep relationship with the Qin army. Meng Tian and Meng Ao were both the main commanders of the Qin army. Fusu ordered to carry out the war of annexation without any difficulties.

Fusu is also very political minded. After the annexation of the six kingdoms, the first emperor of Qin lost his head, imposed severe punishment and forced labor. Fusu repeatedly urged Qinshihuang to stop this practice. Qinshihuang was unhappy and sent him to Mengtian. If Jing Ke really stabbed the king of Qin to death, then the king who would come to power would be a king who would strictly promote the war of annexation and make the head of Guizhou breathe a sigh of relief after reunification. In this way, will people still sympathize with Jing Ke? Historians have not scolded Jing Ke as a dog. Jing Ke, you guy, you must die if you want to block the progress of the wheel of history.

Jing Ke, you are too naive.

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