The only emperor in history who grew up in prison

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Liu Bing was renamed Liu Xun after he ascended the throne. He was known as Emperor Xuan of Han Dynasty

Liu Bing in Chang’an prison is a condemned prisoner. In his whole life, he even hoped to be a common people in peace, but he became an emperor by devils. Liu Bing was renamed Liu Xun after he ascended the throne. He was known as emperor Xuandi of the Han Dynasty and was known as the “Lord of rejuvenation” of the Western Han Dynasty. This child, who was originally isolated from the throne, finally became a Ming Lord. Some people said that he was “the son of heaven who came out of Chang’an prison”. Some people said that he was the only emperor who grew up in prison in Chinese history. Others wrote the popular TV series “Wulong rushes through love” based on the deeds of Liu Yanji. How did Liu Bing do it? What kind of legend have you experienced? All things must start from Chang’an City in 92 BC, the last year of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty.

That year, Bingji, a native of the state of Lu (now Qufu, Shandong), ushered in a major turn in his political destiny. Bingji studied laws and decrees when he was young. He once served as a prison official in the state of Lu. Because of his merits, he was promoted to the imperial court as Tingwei’s right prison (Tingwei’s senior assistant, equivalent to the current procurator of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate). Unfortunately, to serve in the imperial court, only political achievements are not enough. Bingji obviously did not adapt to the complex relations of the central government. Soon, he was implicated in the case and was dismissed from the capital. He went to other places to work as a state (a senior assistant to the senior officials in the border areas).

Now Bingji has received the transfer order to return to Chang’an without warning. Although he is full of doubts, he also quickly packed his bags and returned to Beijing.

This year, a “witch bug disaster” occurred in Chang’an city. This disaster happened between the old emperor Wu of Han Dynasty and the not young prince Liu Ju of Wei. Liu Ju was framed by hostile forces and sycophantic ministers, and was suspected by his father Emperor Hanwu. Fearing disaster, he was forced to attack Jiangchong, and was forced to commit suicide. His mother

Wei Zifu, Empress of the Wu Emperor, hanged herself. In his anger, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty lost his clear judgment and ordered a thorough investigation of Prince Wei’s family and his followers. Prince Wei’s whole family was beheaded, and tens of thousands of subjects in Chang’an City were implicated. Many Beijing officials were stripped of their citizenship. Because the case of “the evil of witchcraft and insects” is complex, there are a large number of people involved in the case, and many Beijing officials are implicated themselves, the imperial court has transferred people from local areas to handle the case. Bingji was transferred back to Chang’an to participate in the trial because he had served as the right prison of Tingwei and was not involved in the case.

In the midst of political pressure and white terror, the so-called case “trial” is nothing but empty talk. Everything has been determined. In fact, the work of Bingji and others is to implement the above intention, complete the procedures and punish the prisoners. As for Bingji, it is the prison in charge of Chang’an.

In the prison of Chang’an, there was a baby who had just reached the full moon. Because of the “evil of witches and insects”, Zhulian was put in prison. He is the grandson of Prince Wei and the great grandson of Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty. Prince Wei, Liu juna, gave birth to Shi huangsun, Liu Jin. The emperor’s grandson, Mrs. liujinna, gave birth to the baby and was called the emperor’s great grandson. When the baby was just born, he was “bewitched by witchcraft”, and the prince, Liangdi, huangsun, Mrs. Wang and other relatives were killed. The baby is still in its infancy. The political opponents did not know how to deal with him, so they put him in prison waiting for the fate of the trial.

The dutiful Bingji found the little emperor’s great grandson while checking the prison. After a long period of crying and lack of milk, the baby was already dying. The kind-hearted Bingji couldn’t bear it, so he secretly found two loyal and prudent female prisoners (one is zhaozhengqing from Huaiyang, the other is Hu Zu from Weicheng) who had just given birth and had milk in their cell to feed the baby in turn. Bingji also found a well ventilated and dry cell for the baby, providing conditions with moderate temperature and complete items.

In the next few months, Bingji received a salary every month, so he exchanged rice and meat for the little emperor’s great grandson in his cell. He insisted on checking the growth of the baby every day and forbid anyone to disturb the child. Sometimes, Bingji is too busy or ill. He also sends his family to visit the little emperor’s great grandson in the morning and evening to see if the bedding is dry and wet and whether the diet is appropriate. However, the conditions in the prison were bad after all. The new born emperor’s great grandson often fell ill and even became critically ill several times. Bingji ordered the prison doctor to make a diagnosis in time and give the child medication on time, so that the child could turn the crisis around. Bingji was not well paid. Now he has to take care of a weak baby and two wet nurses, but he always thinks of the baby first and takes good care of it. Without Bingji’s meticulous care, the emperor’s great grandson would have died in prison. The two criminal nannies also took care of the little emperor’s great grandson as their own children. In this way, the poor child grew up miraculously in prison.

When Bingji took good care of the great grandson of a prisoner in prison, the “Curse of witches and insects” outside the prison continued for years. The great grandson of the little emperor is 5 years old and has not left the high wall of the prison. Bingji felt that keeping the child in prison was not the way after all, so he tried to ask senior officials and nobles to adopt the child and give the child a normal growth environment. When the senior officials and dignitaries knew the origin of the child, they all avoided it, and no one was willing to adopt it. There was no choice but to continue to take care of the little emperor’s great grandson.

After the child recovered from a serious illness, Bingji looked at the weak and sickly little emperor’s great grandson and named him “sick”. It means that the child has recovered from his illness and will never get sick again. The child was then called “Liu Bing Ji”.

In the second year of the late Yuan Dynasty (87 BC), Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty became seriously ill and went back and forth between Changyang and wuzha palaces for recuperation. Someone wanted to make trouble again when Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty was seriously ill. He instructed the Feng Shui reader to write that there was a son of heaven in Chang’an prison. The suspicious Emperor Wudi of Han sent envoys to order the government to kill all prisoners in Chang’an prison regardless of the seriousness of their crimes. The old emperor hoped to sweep away all threats to his power through such resolute measures.

The inner audience ordered Guohe to rush to the prison under the charge of Bingji overnight to carry out the emperor’s will. Bingji bravely resisted the imperial edict, ordered the prison gate to be closed and refused the messenger to enter. He shouted across the wall, “the emperor’s great grandson is here. It’s impossible for others to be killed in the name of nothingness, let alone the emperor’s own great grandson!”

The two sides were locked in a stalemate until dawn, and Guo was still unable to go to prison. He had to return to the palace to report the situation to Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty and impeach Bingji for resisting the decree. After this setback, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty became much more clear headed, sighed and said, “Maybe God used Bingji’s mouth to warn me!”

Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty did not investigate Bingji’s crimes, nor did he continue to issue the edict of killing prisoners. Instead, he announced an amnesty. Strange to say, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty recovered from his illness soon.

Bingji’s prison was suddenly empty. Liu’s two sick nannies went back to Huaiyang and Weicheng respectively. Liu Bing is no longer a prisoner. He can be a free ordinary people. He is really out of danger. Bingji is busy trying to find a place for Liu Bing. He finally heard about Liu Jin’s uncle and historian, shihuangsun, Liu’s sick father. One of the Shi family’s daughters married Prince Wei Liu Ju, who was Shi Liangdi. At that time, there were also Liu’s great uncle and great grandmother Zhen Jun and his great uncle Shi Gong, who lived in Du County, a suburb of Chang’an. Bingji sent Liu Bing to the historian of Du county. When Shi Gong saw the nephew’s son, old lady Shi was surprised and happy to see the great grandson, and took over the responsibility of raising him. The old lady has been very fond of Liu Bing and takes care of his life in person regardless of his old age and infirmity. Liu Bing, who was only 5 years old, had no memory at that time. In the new and comfortable environment, he gradually forgot his previous prison life. His impression of the high wall in Chang’an prison, the two kind nannies and the free access to Bingji became more and more blurred. For the sake of children’s safety and a normal environment, historians deliberately do not mention the prison in Chang’an. Bingji returned to Chang’an and continued to be his official, never mentioning Liu’s illness. Everything seems to be in the past.

In his later years, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty finally knew the truth of the “Curse of witchcraft” and understood the bitterness and grievances of his son Liu Ju. Remorseful, he issued an edict against himself and began to rehabilitate the case. Liu’s fate began to change.

On his deathbed, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty was still bitter about killing his son himself. He thought that Liu Zheng still had an only son, Liu Bing Ji, in Liu Ju’s line, so he ordered Zongzheng (the official in charge of the royal family) to re record his name in the imperial genealogy, officially restoring Liu Bing Ji’s Royal membership.

In traditional Chinese society, kinship identity is a very important component of individuals. Blood is especially important for Royal Politics. It is usually the source of the legitimacy of a person’s power. For Liu Bing, before regaining his royal status, although he was the grandson of the former crown prince, he had no political future as a person excluded from the royal family. On the contrary, he may become a source of political disaster, so the dignitaries are unwilling to adopt Liu. The poor child can only live in his uncle’s house. Now, Liu Bing has recovered his royal status, not only rising to the aristocracy, but also having the possibility to enter the political core. What is more noteworthy is that the blood of Liu Bing has come from Liu Ju, the eldest son of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, and is the only descendant of Liu Ju. Although he has not been knighted, his political future is promising.

According to the system, minor members of the royal family are under the custody of yeting order. Liu Bing has also been taken to Chang’an from his uncle’s family in Du county to receive upbringing and education. Coincidentally, Zhang He, the yeting order at that time, was Liu Ju’s courtier when he was young. Liu Ju was very kind to Zhang He during his lifetime, and Zhang he always thought of the kindness of the former crown prince. Now, he naturally transferred this feeling to the grandson of the former crown prince and paid special attention to the upbringing and education of Liu Yiji.

Zhang he not only gave preferential treatment to Liu Yanji everywhere within his authority, but also supported Liu Yanji to study and travel. After Liu Bing grew up, Zhang he married xupingjun, the daughter of xuguanghan, a miser in the violent room.

Relying on the care and support of his wife Xu family, Zhang he and his uncle and grandfather historian, Liu Bing has received a systematic education. He studied the bookofsongs from Donghai shuzhongweng. He liked reading and studied very hard. He was famous for a time. At the same time, Liu Bing has also liked Rangers, fighting chickens and walking horses, and touring mountains and rivers. This was a common hobby of the upper class at that time, but Liu Bing was no longer addicted to it. On the contrary, he took advantage of the opportunity to play, observed the local conditions and customs, knew the people’s suffering, and came into contact with the real society. Although Liu Bing has been educated and living in Chang’an, he often returns to Shi’s home in Du county. All his life, he liked the landscape around Du county very much. “Between you Le Du and Gu, he often leads in Xiadu.” Shi Gong’s son Liu Bingji’s cousins Shi Gao, Shi Zeng, and Shi xuandu have grown up playing with Liu Bingji. The history said that he “knew the treachery and evil in the valley, the gains and losses of official governance. He counted all the tombs up and down, and went around three auxiliary buildings”. The young Liu Bing has traveled and studied in the Guanzhong area and is very famous.

As an adult, Liu Bing has lived in shangguanli, Chang’an. He continued to make friends with the officials and the people, and his fame grew.

After he had separated from Liu Bing, Bingji was transferred to the position of chariot and cavalry general, and later promoted to the position of general Huo Guang. Huo Guang thought highly of him and promoted him to doctor Guanglu. Our descendants don’t know whether Liu Xiangji and Bingji, who live together in Chang’an, often meet. What we know is that Bingji has been respectful to Liu Bing as usual and never mentioned anything about that year. Liu Bing didn’t even know that Bingji was the prison officer who raised him.

When Liu was 18 years old, Bingji gave him another big favor.

In April of the first year of Yuanping (74 BC), liufuling, the son of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty and the young emperor Zhao of the Han Dynasty, died without leaving any children. General Huo guangzou asked the queen to enlist Liuhe, the king of Changyi, as the new emperor. In July, after Liu He ascended the throne, he became immoral. Huo Guang deposed Liu He for his many crimes of adultery. As a result, there was no emperor and no successor in China for a short time.

Huo Guang and other ministers, such as general Zhang Anshi, discussed succession candidates for many times, but it was difficult to decide. The new emperor should first be selected from the descendants of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, and the seniority should not be too high or too low. Liu Fuling has no children, and Liu He has been excluded by practice; Among the sons of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, the king of Guangling is still alive. However, the king of Guangling is incompetent and has no virtue. Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty excluded him from the succession to the throne before his death. Now, naturally, he can no longer welcome the candidate of his team; The first generation of King Yan also came from the prince and son of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty. However, King Yan liudanmou’s anti suicide was a great evil, and his descendants naturally lost their inheritance qualification.

Now the only people left are prince Wei Liu Ju, who was also the son of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty and was once the crown prince.

In this department, only Liu Bing, who had just turned 18, was selected.

Bingji seized the opportunity in time, He said to Huo Guang: “General, you have been entrusted by Emperor Xiaowu as a baby and let the world send you. Unfortunately, Emperor Xiaozhao died early and had no heir. Later, he was appointed a non-human person and was abolished with great righteousness. The world would not obey him. Now, the life of the people in the ancestral temple of the state is the responsibility of the general at one stroke. I think the candidates discussed by the ministers are all princes and clans, ignoring those Royal descendants who still have no titles. General, do you remember that it was mentioned in the imperial edict before the death of Emperor Wu Liu Bing, the great grandson of the emperor, was brought up by yeting. Liu Bing is the grandson of former crown prince Liu Ju. I saw him when he was young, and now he is eighteen or nine years old. Liu Bing has learned the classics, has good talent, has good manners, and has a good reputation. I hope the general will let Liu Bing serve in the Imperial Palace first, make it clear to the world, and then decide on a big plan. Then the world will be very lucky! “

Huo Guang felt that Bingji’s suggestion was very reasonable. He felt that Liu Bing was fit to be an emperor both in blood and ability, so he made up his mind to respect Liu Bing, the great grandson of the emperor, as the emperor.

After Huo Guang, who was in charge of the power, nodded, other ministers echoed. So Huo Guang and other ministers played the Empress Dowager and said, “according to the etiquette and law, a large number of people have no heirs, so they can choose the sages among their descendants. Liu, the great grandson of emperor Xiaowu, has been brought up by yeting. He is now 18 years old. He has learned from the poetry, the Analects of Confucius and the filial piety Sutra. He is frugal, kind and loving. He can inherit the emperor Xiaozhao and flatter his ancestors and become the son of heaven.” The Empress Dowager agreed.

The Imperial Palace immediately sent envoys to Liu Bingji’s home in shangguanli to serve him and wash his clothes. The imperial servant took Liu’s illness with him and went to Zongzheng’s mansion first. Immediately, Liu Bing entered Weiyang palace to meet the Empress Dowager and was granted the title of marquis Yang Wu. Later, the officials presented seals and ribbons to welcome Liu Bing as the emperor. Liu Bing then paid a visit to the high temple and announced the news of his accession to the throne.

Liu Bing was Emperor Xuan of Han Dynasty. After he ascended the throne, he rewarded Zhang He, Shi Gong and others with gratitude, promoted them to the rank of Jin Jue, and even rewarded their descendants. As for Bingji, Emperor Xuandi of the Han Dynasty believed that he had the credit for his support and was granted the title of “Marquis of Guannei” (Marquis of Guannei is not a formal Marquis, but only indicates the Marquis qualification of the recipient).

Liu Bing is not aware of Bingji’s two great graces to him behind the scenes. In his mind, Zhang He, Shi Gong and others have contributed more than Bingji. The officials in the imperial court did not know the relationship between Bingji and the new emperor. Bingji is honest and kind, and he still doesn’t mention anything about the past. In the political arena where it has long been the norm to strive for success and victory, Bingji’s moral character is extraordinarily noble, leaving an eye-catching mark for himself in history.

After many years, Liu Bing has ruled out the power of the minister. After an old palace maid named Ze left the palace, her life was difficult, so she asked someone else to write to the yeting order at that time. Then he said in the previous book that he once had the credit of protecting and nurturing the emperor, that he nurtured the current emperor through hardships, and asked the imperial court to take care of his later life. The relevant departments dared not neglect such a petition and presented it to Emperor Xuan of the Han Dynasty.

Liu Bing has seen the book, and many vague impressions in his mind gradually come together. He vaguely recalled that many stories of his childhood seemed to have been forgotten. His childhood should not be limited to the age of five. But Liu Bing can no longer recall the exact situation. Curious and grateful, Liu Bing ordered yetingling to ask the palace maid for details in person.

The palace maid stated her gratitude to the emperor and said that all things could be proved by Bingji, the former prison officer and the current imperial historian. The yeting order took the palace maid to Bingji’s house and confirmed the details with Bingji face to face. Old Bingji recognized the old palace maid. He said that he had met Ze, but she was not the emperor’s wet nurse at all.

Bingji pointed to the palace maid, and then he told the story of Chang’an prison. The palace maid was in prison, and Bingji once asked her to take care of the little emperor’s great grandson. However, he did not feed them with all his heart, and sometimes beat Liu ill. Bingji said, “only guozhengqing from Huaiyang and Hu Zui from Weicheng can be regarded as the emperor’s wet nurse.” Bingji told yetingling about the difficulty, fear and helplessness of raising Liu Yiji in prison with two nannies.

Liu Bing was shocked and moved when he heard this. All the bits and pieces about childhood in his mind were connected, and moving scenes reappeared one by one. Bingji was willing to stay behind the scenes and made the emperor sigh.

Liu Bing has made a quick decision and ordered him to be a commoner. However, he thought that he had fed her when he was young and gave her 100000 yuan to support her; The imperial edict was issued to look for two nannies, Hu Zu and guozhengqing. The magistrate reported that the two men were dead. Liu Bing has issued an imperial edict to look for their descendants. He will give them a reward when he finds them. Here, history seems so sentimental and meaningful. Hu and Guo, two prisoners of that year, were loyal and kind. Although they suffered a lot in their lives, they were finally rewarded.

As for Bingji, the life-saving benefactor and moral gentleman, Liu Bing has specially issued an imperial edict to the prime minister, saying: “when I was young and humble, Bingji, the imperial historian, had an old favor for me. His merits and virtues were immeasurable. The poem says: ‘when I die, I will not repay my virtues’. I will make Bingji the Marquis of Boyang and eat 1300 households in the city.” When the envoy went to the house of Bing to grant the seal, Bing Ji was seriously ill and could not get up and go to the ground. Liu Bing has asked people to take the seal of newpery on Bingji, indicating that he is knighted. Bingji not only won the respect of the emperor, but also the admiration of the government and the public because of his kindness, humility and noble morality.

After Bingji’s death, the imperial court pursued his posthumous title as “Ding Hou”.

Wu Zun, a native of Chang’an, was a petty officer of the prison when he was young. He saw the scene of Bingji raising Liu. After Liu Bing had ascended the throne, Wu Zun persuaded Bingji to write to the emperor for meritorious service, but Bingji refused. Later, when Liu Bing, the son of Liu Bing Ji, the emperor of the Han Dynasty, was in power, Wu Zun wrote to the court, saying, “when the former Emperor (Liu Bing Ji) was in power, the minister wrote to the court to state what I saw. As a result, the letter passed through the hands of Bingji. Bingji was humble, and the minister’s words were deleted. All the credit was attributed to Hu Zu and Guo Zhengqing.” During the period of emperor yuan of Han Dynasty, the government and the public still praised Bingji’s noble behavior.

The whole Western Han Dynasty respected the Bing family. The Boyang Marquis of Bingji is hereditary. Bingji’s son Bingxian inherited his father’s title. Bingxian lost his head and once committed a major crime. In view of Bingji’s contribution, the imperial court exempted Bingxian from prosecution for his crimes. The descendants of the Bing family inherited the throne from generation to generation until Wang Mang usurped the Han Dynasty.

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