Author: Jin Yinan
From 0 to 101, from 13 to 96712000.
From 1921 to 2022, the Communist Party of China has gone through 100 and 1 years.
In the past 101 years, the number of Member of the Communist Party of China has increased from 13 to 91million!
It has not only become the world’s largest party, but also known as the world’s best entrepreneurial team
These achievements belong to the Communist Party of China, which is striding towards the center of the world stage!
But behind the world’s attention, the other side of the Communist Party of China is breathtaking!
The Communist Party of China is the party with the highest elimination rate in history
At the beginning of the founding of the party, in the small room of Shikumen in Shanghai, who was optimistic about the Communist Party of China?
In 1921, when the party was founded, there were more than 200 political parties in Chinese society. The Communist Party of China was founded, but only one of them. Every day, as many organizations were established as dissolved organizations.
Even some people in the middle who initiated the establishment of the party at that time did not expect that the Communist Party would seize power in 28 years.
The Communist Party of China was founded in the bitter wind and rain.
At that time, the party was more like a thin child. Many people were not sure how old the child could grow.
Shortly after the founding of the Communist Party, problems arose.
Chen Gongbo left the party in 1922
Li Da left the party in 1923
Li Hanjun left the party in 1924
In 1924, Zhou Fohai left the party
Bao huiseng left the party in 1927
Liu Renjing was expelled from the party in 1930
Zhang Guotao was expelled from the party in 1938
Among the 13 deputies, 7 went away and were dismissed by the party. Among them, Chen Gongbo and Zhou Fohai became traitors and were sentenced to death by the national government after the victory of the war of resistance against Japan.
These seven people, I made such an assumption. If history is known, will they do such a stupid thing?
Of course, if they can predict the choice of history, they will certainly not do so.
Is it necessary to be a traitor to seize the national power after 28 years? Need to be a juntong spy?
It’s hard to know whether he will win or lose, and his future is uncertain, so he chose his own life path.
Among these 13 people, Wang Jinmei died in 1925, Deng Enming died in 1931, he Shuheng died in 1935, and Chen Tanqiu died in 1943.
There are only two people from beginning to end: Mao Zedong! Dong Biwu!
What the Communist Party of China has suffered is an unprecedented cruel situation in the history of political parties in the world. The leaders of the party have been stubbornly destroyed by the enemy like leeks.
Zhou Enlai once lamented: “the enemy can destroy our leaders in 35 minutes, but we can’t bring them up in 35 years.”
No political party in the world has suffered such a hell of a test as the Communist Party of China.
In 1927, after the failure of the great revolution, Chiang Kai Shek launched the “April 12” counter revolutionary coup. The dead Communists were everywhere, and rivers of blood flowed. Li Dazhao, Luo Yinong, Zhao Shiyan, Chen Yannian, Li qihan, Xiao Chunv, Deng Pei, Xiang Jingyu, Xiong Xiong, Xia Minghan, Chen qiaonian, Zhang Tailei and other leaders were killed one after another.
In the harsh white terror, the organization was broken up, Party members lost contact with Party organizations, wavers and wavers broke away from the party one after another, and some published anti Communist notices in newspapers, and identified and arrested their comrades.
With the victory of the Chinese revolution, the later leaders of the party were survivors of countless victims.
Their will is shaped by the harsh environment.
This harsh and dangerous environment is unimaginable, and Soviet Russia cannot be compared with us.
Lenin was arrested and exiled twice, Trotsky was arrested and exiled twice, Bukharin was arrested and exiled three times, gaminiev was sentenced to lifelong exile, Stalin was arrested and exiled seven times
However, in Chiang Kai Shek’s political terminology, there is no word of exile at all. His common words are “make a decision at the sight of electricity”, “cut a decision” and “make a decision”.
It is precisely the cruelty of the Chinese revolution that the tide washes sand, and the elimination rate is very high.
At that time, betrayers were everywhere.
Xiang Zhongfa was arrested and defected on the 1st of the Central Committee,
Gu Shunzhang, the head of the special branch of the Communist Party of China, was arrested and defected,
Li Zhusheng and Sheng Zhongliang, heads of the Shanghai Central Bureau, were arrested for mutiny,
Gong Chu, chief of staff of the CPC military region, defected
Song Qingquan, commander of Fujian Jiangxi division,
Kong hechong, commander of the 16th Red Army,
Xiang Xianglin, chief of staff of Gan Yue sub district,
Chen Hongshi, Secretary of the Hunan Jiangxi provincial Party committee,
Peng you, director of the Political Department of the Fujian Jiangxi sub region,
Zeng Hongyi, Secretary of the Fujian Zhejiang Jiangxi provincial Party committee,
Nibaoshu, deputy commander of the Red Army,
Li Desheng, commander of North Fujian Division,
Yang Shizhu, political commissar of Ruijin Red Army guerrilla command,
All became traitors!
The elimination and screening of the CPC began with the high-level leadership of the party.
Some Communists abandon their dreams in extreme realism, which is so realistic that they ruin themselves.
Zhangshenfu is a living example.
If there is a third important leader after Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao, it is Zhang Shenfu.
Zhangshenfu, a professor of Peking University and Li Dazhao’s right-hand man, and Li Dazhao jointly formed the Beijing Communist group.
His wife Liu Qingyang became the first female member of the Communist Party of China and introduced Zhou Enlai to the party.
How important the historical position is.
Zhang Shenfu also had a deep relationship with Mao Zedong, who was only a librarian of the Peking University Library, that is, a temporary worker.
To do this work, you need to fill in the book card. Mao Zedong’s words were flying, and Zhang Shenfu scolded him and asked him to fill in it again.
In 1925, due to the unclear or even dim development prospects of the party, Zhang Shenfu left the party.
The Democratic League of China was founded in 1938.
He was expelled from the NLD in 1948.
In 1948, the Chinese people’s Liberation Army had entered the stage of strategic attack, and the victory was decided.
At this time, Zhang Shenfu wrote an article called for peace, supported Chiang Kai Shek’s “counter insurgency policy” and called the PLA “bandits”.
Liu Qingyang, wife of Zhang Shenfu and the first female Communist Party member of the Communist Party of China, published a divorce notice in the people’s Daily: “Liu Qingyang severely accused Zhang Shenfu of betraying democracy and acting for the tiger.”.
And announced a clean break with zhangshenfu.
At that time, people exclaimed, “Shen Fu is confused!”
Zhangshenfu replied, “I got 3000 yuan for that article. I really needed this 3000 yuan at that time.”
It’s amazing and angry.
Gong Chu, one of the three leaders of the Communist Party of China who first engaged in the peasant movement, was on a par with pengpai and Mao Zedong.
At the beginning of 1928, Zhu De and Chen Yi led the rest of the Nanchang Uprising to northern Guangdong. The first Communist they met was gong Chu, who led them to Jinggangshan.
In June, 1928, the Hunan provincial Party committee sent a letter to the Military Commission of the Fourth Red Army: “Mao Zedong is the Secretary of the front Committee, and the Standing Committee is organized by three people: Ze Dong, Zhu De, Gong Chu.”
Later, the letters from the CPC Central Committee and Hunan Provincial Committee to the front Committee of the Fourth Red Army were all called “Zhu, Mao and Gong”.
In 1935, Gong Chu betrayed the Communist Party and defected to the Kuomintang. In 1949, Gong Chu betrayed the Kuomintang.
In 1949, after the Liberation Army liberated Guangdong and Guangxi, Gong Chu, as a Kuomintang lieutenant general, was forced to revolt and surrendered to Lin Biao, who became the battalion commander after he was the company commander of Zhu Mao Gong, the senior leader of the Red Army.
Later, Gong Chu went to Hong Kong and South America.
In July, 1995, Gong Chu died in Laizhen, the mayor of Lechang, Guangdong, his hometown.
Zhang Guotao was once a leader of the Communist Party of China like Mao Zedong.
Zhang Guotao and Mao Zedong have many similarities.
Both are young intellectuals.
Both of them have completed the combination of young intellectuals and the masses of workers and peasants. Mao Zedong has won the heartfelt support of generals of peasant origin in the Central Soviet Area, while Zhang Guotao has also won the heartfelt support of generals of peasant origin in the Hubei Henan Anhui Soviet area.
Both of them effectively established and led the two largest Soviet areas in the Agrarian Revolutionary War.
According to the eyes of the Comintern, both of them have anti bone in the back of their heads. Both of them should follow their own path and have a brush.
In 1938, zhangguotao, vice chairman of the Shaanxi Gansu Ningxia border region government, defected.
Zhou Enlai followed Li Kenong all the way from Yan’an to Wuhan and tried hard to persuade Zhang Guotao.
However, he did not look back.
When Zhang Guotao defected, it was still 11 years before the victory of the Communist Party of China.
In 1947, Zhang Guotao was appointed lieutenant general of juntong and was a spy under Dai Li.
From 1947 to 1948, seeing that the Communist Party of China was about to win an all-round victory, Zhang Guotao was eager to get rid of the relationship with the Kuomintang and establish a third party. He wanted to reconcile between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party.
But the tide is over.
In 1949, Zhang Guotao went to Hong Kong and died in a nursing home in Toronto, Canada, in 1976.
I’ve been thinking: in Zhang Guotao’s last mind, does he remember the scene when the 1st and 4th front armies met in Western Sichuan in June, 1935, when he rode a white horse and galloped to Lianghekou surrounded by more than a dozen guards. Mao Zedong led all members of the Politburo out of the Three Mile Road and stood waiting in the drizzle?
Long marginalized Mao Zedong becomes the core of the Communist Party of China
The marginal force, from the edge of the Chinese political stage to the center of the eastern political stage, relies on the historical consciousness and responsibility of leaders, of which Mao Zedong is the greatest.
Mao Zedong has been on the edge of the Communist Party of China for a long time. How many leaders did the Communist Party of China experience from the founding of the party in 1921 to the selection of Mao Zedong at the Zunyi Conference in 1935?
Chen Duxiu, Qu Qiubai, Xiang Zhongfa, Li Lisan, Wang Ming, Bogu
We guided the Chinese revolution in accordance with the basic path of the Soviet Russian Revolution, and the Chinese Communist Party was beaten to death.
The choice of Mao Zedong at the Zunyi Meeting in 1935 was not the result of compromise on the mountain, nor the result of the balance of interest groups, but the choice of the Chinese Communist Party’s desire for victory.
Fourteen years of struggle and practice have proved that only Mao Zedong’s road is the only road to the victory of the Chinese revolution, not the only two.
Is there any other way?
All tried, no!
Mao Zedong was the first and only leader of the Communist Party of China to solve the most fundamental problem of the Chinese revolution, “why can China’s red regime exist?”.
Mao Zedong took the road of independence.
Mao Zedong put forward: “armed separatism between workers and peasants, rural areas surrounding the city”, politically created a new theory of the Chinese communists – Mao Zedong thought!
Militarily, the Chinese Communists have established their own armed forces; Economically, it also completely got rid of its dependence on the Comintern.
I think the third is equally important.
A political party, a country, a nation and a person have no economic independence, and others are making bricks without straw.
Mao Zedong’s road is to “fight the local tyrants and divide the fields”, which has not only become the basis for the political mobilization of the red regime, but also the basis for the economic independence of the Communist Party of China——
Only an independent economic source can have an independent political and military foundation, can independently choose their own leaders and independently formulate their own line.
On this basis, Mao Zedong put forward the famous conclusion, “a single spark can start a prairie fire”.
China has found a completely independent road, economic, political and military, which is a complete revolutionary road with Chinese characteristics.
There were 22500 people in Nanchang Uprising on August 1st, and 800 people remained two months later;
In 1927, Mao Zedong led the Autumn Harvest Uprising. 20 days later, there were 5000 people left and 1000 left.
This team is not from victory to victory, but from defeat to victory.
That’s the number, that’s the strength.
Did the party commend Mao Zedong for bringing his team to Jinggangshan to explore the path of victory in the Chinese revolution?
No, on the contrary, the party punished him!
The Autumn Harvest Uprising made you fight Changsha, but you led your troops to Jinggangshan far away from Changsha. This is a serious right-wing escapism mistake, so he was removed from his post as alternate member of the provisional Political Bureau.
However, after his position was removed, Mao Zedong continued to work, unlike us today, who quit after being removed.
Mao Zedong was dismissed from the Central Committee three times and received serious warnings eight times, but he continued to work.
Because the most precious thing about him is his profound historical consciousness.
What is historical consciousness?
First, a deep understanding of the law of social operation;
The second is the active influence on the historical development prospect.
Mao Zedong was like this all his life. He never believed in the manipulation of fate, and always advocated “willing to be cut all over, dare to pull the emperor off his horse”, and never satisfied with the status quo and wanted to change the status quo.
The Communist Party of China has experienced difficulties, but the greatest luck is the emergence of the great leader Mao Zedong!
There are great men before great deeds, real people before truth.
Most of the time, you will be broken and bleeding when you do business with idealism, but if you can succeed, it must be a great career.
Facts have proved that the core of the party is the fundamental guarantee for the success of the great cause.
The core of the party has gathered a large number of firm believers. It is the luck of the Communist Party of China to have a number of firm believers!
In September, 1935, the red army defeated bangluo town. At that time, Liang xingchu, the commander of the reconnaissance company, and Cao delinian, the instructor, found a “Ta Kung Pao” in the post office, on which Yan Xishan’s speech was published:
“Few of the 23 counties in Northern Shaanxi are not red. Now the Communist Party can expand its regional prestige without force.”
The newspaper further disclosed that Liu Zhidan’s Red Army 26 had controlled a large base area in the Northern Shaanxi Soviet Area, and Xu Haidong’s Red Army 25 had gone north out of the Zhongnan pass to intimidate Xi’an.
When Mao Zedong found the newspaper, it could be said that there was “another village with bright flowers in the dark”, but after the red army arrived in Northern Shaanxi, it was “mountains and rivers have no way out”.
He also found that the 25th Red Army had actually taken full control of Northern Shaanxi.
The red 25th army is a force that directly fought from the Hubei Henan Anhui Soviet area to northern Shaanxi.
In terms of battle sequence, the red 25th army is the army of the red Fourth Front Army, that is, the army under the leadership of Zhang Guotao.
The main commander of the 25th Red Army is xuhaidong.
Xu Haidong never met Mao Zedong and was a member of the Fourth Front Army of the Red Army.
Can Xu Haidong obey the leadership of the Central Red Army?
Zhang Guotao had set up another Central Committee at that time. Did Xu Haidong listen to the Central Committee or Zhang Guotao?
Mao Zedong’s heart beat drums.
He tentatively wrote a letter to xuhaidong, borrowing a thousand oceans from the Red Army.
Of course, on the one hand, the Central Red Army really needs help, on the other hand, it is more important to explore.
After receiving Mao Zedong’s letter, Xu Haidong did not hesitate. He immediately called the Minister of supply department and asked him how much money we still had.
The Minister of supply said that we still have about 5000, nearly 6000 oceans.
Xu Haidong said that we should keep one thousand and the other five thousand oceans for ourselves, not for borrowing, but for the Central Red Army.
At the same time, the reply said that the 25th Red Army was fully subject to the leadership of the Central Red Army.
After Mao Zedong and other central leaders received the letters from 5000 Dayang and Xu Haidong, a stone fell to the ground.
Later, Comrade Mao Zedong repeatedly said that Xu Haidong was a man who made great contributions to the Chinese revolution.
Xu Haidong fought in his life and was injured nine times, six of which were seriously injured. But his greatest contribution to the Chinese revolution is to obey the leadership of the party at the critical moment, resolutely adhere to the party’s command of the gun, and obey the command of the Central Committee.
This is the most difficult and tortuous period in the history of our party’s struggle.
The victory of our Chinese revolution is not only because we have the right doctrine, the right line, the right policy and program, but also because we have a large number of generals who are loyal to doctrine and faith like Xu Haidong.
Chen Geng graduated from the first phase of Huangpu Military Academy.
At that time, there was the saying of “three heroes of Huangpu”, and the more recognized saying was Jiang Xianyun, Chen Geng and he Zhonghan. Chen Geng has been appreciated by Chiang Kai Shek since he graduated from Huangpu.
Chiang Kai Shek transferred Chen Geng as the guard company of the headquarters, and Chen Geng served as the company commander.
During the second eastern expedition in October, 1925, the third division met the team of Guangdong warlord Lin Hu and was surrounded near Huayang. The situation was critical.
When the army was defeated like a mountain, Jiang was still standing there shouting. Seeing this, Chen Geng ran up and carried Jiang on his back for more than three miles. He ran until he got on a boat and crossed the river, and then escaped.
Jiang later lamented, “fortunately, thanks to the spirit of the prime minister in heaven, he won by surprise and turned the crisis into safety.”
Having said that, I also know that Chen Geng really saved his life.
With this relationship, if Chen Geng stays in the Kuomintang, he can be said to have a bright future.
But Chen Geng despised Chiang Kai Shek from his heart.
In 2005, a Kuomintang soldier who retired to Taiwan returned to the mainland and told Chen Geng’s family that Chen Geng looked down on Jiang because of a small thing. He suspected that Jiang Jieshi turned on the radio to listen to the stock market in Shanghai during the interval of battle command, and believed that Jiang was not a real revolutionary.
What reason did Chen Geng make up when he left Jiang? Just like our usual reasons, my mother is seriously ill and needs care.
Chen Geng left like this.
He first went to the Soviet Union to study, and then returned to Shanghai to work with Zhou Enlai’s teke “red team”.
In 1931, Chen Geng fought in the Hubei Henan Anhui Soviet Area and was seriously injured in the fourth counter encirclement and suppression. The Hubei Henan Anhui Soviet area could not cure his injury, so he had to be secretly transferred to Shanghai, just in time for Gu Shunzhang’s rebellion.
Gu Shunzhang identified Chen Geng. Chiang Kai Shek was overjoyed when he heard that he had arrested Chen Geng. He wanted to persuade him to come over.
One day, people around Jiang excitedly told Chen Geng that the headmaster would come to see you.
Chen Geng insisted on missing.
Someone said that the chairman has come to the door. You can see him if you don’t see him.
After Chiang Kai Shek came in, Chen Geng grabbed a newspaper in the ward to cover his face.
Jiang understood that Chen Geng didn’t want to see him.
Jiang had to leave and shouted at the end of the corridor of the ward, why is it like this, how is it like this!
Chiang Kai Shek killed countless Communists all his life, but he only released Chen Geng.
He knew that he could not account to history for killing Chen Geng.
In this way, Chen Geng abandoned Jiang because of his belief in communism.
Since modern times, no political group in China has so many people with lofty ideals who have thrown their heads, shed their blood, go forward one after another, never look back, and forget their lives as the Communist Party of China.
These people are not officials, not money, not afraid of hardship, not afraid of death, only for doctrine, only for faith, they can fight for a lifetime.
The Communist Party of China always keeps its original mission in mind
In March, 1946, the special envoy of the president of the United States Marshall visited Yan’an.
His accompanying reporters described the political center of the Communist Party in this way: the most heard word in Yan’an is “people”, how about the Chinese people, and how about the people of the world. Go to the people and learn from them
These are slogans, but they also contain deeper meanings than slogans, representing a deep feeling and a final belief.
In 1949, Chiang Kai Shek reviewed that the reasons for losing the mainland were all political reasons, and none of them were military reasons.
As a political figure, Chiang Kai Shek finally knew the reason for his failure at this moment.
He summarized the advantages of the Communist Party as seven:
First, it is well organized;
Second, strict discipline;
Third, mental tension;
Fourth, the means are complete;
Fifth, military and political openness;
Sixth, the investigation of affairs;
Seventh, doctrine first.
After the seven points, Chiang Kai Shek added, “cadres are not allowed to have private property”, and regarded it as the most important advantage of the Communist Party of China.
These articles finally focus on the “hearts and minds of the people”.
This is a summary of why Chiang Kai Shek failed and why the Communist Party won.
Heart, in the human world, has a meaning beyond its words themselves.
People often use it to express the purest and truest emotions and express the most ardent and caring expectations in our hearts.
The words of the leaders of the Communist Party of China include: concentric, confidence, care, core, heart to heart
What we see is that the Communist Party of China has a firm belief in the country and the nation and adheres to the purpose of serving the people wholeheartedly.
The highest goal of the Communist Party of China is to achieve the ultimate Communist victory composed of one victory after another.
All the legitimacy and rationality of the Communist Party of China lies in the responsibility of the Communist Party of China in the hundred year national salvation of the Chinese nation.
From 1840 to 1949, in the first 100 years, from Lin Zexu’s Humen destructed opium, to Hong Xiuquan’s Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, to Zeng Guofan, Zuo Zongtang, Li Hongzhang’s self-improvement in the Westernization Movement, to Kang Youwei, Liang Qichao’s reform movement of 1898, to Sun Yat Sen’s revolution of 1911, and Mao Zedong’s new democratic revolution, everyone is for three words:
To save the nation in danger, the proposition of national salvation was not initiated by the Communist Party of China, but ended by the Communist Party of China.
No matter how the theory of the Communist Party of China changes, it cannot change without its roots. The five words that will never change in xinhuamen – serving the people.
This is the starting point and end point of all theories of the Communist Party of China and the eternal starting point and destination of Chinese Communists. Communists cannot abandon their principles and lose their firmness.
Xu Caihou and Guo Boxiong, former vice chairmen of the Military Commission, Zhang Yang and Fang Fenghui, former members of the Military Commission, Tian Xiusi, former political commissar of the air force, Wang Jianping, former commander of the armed police force, and Wang Xibin, former president of the National Defense University
The whole army has successively investigated and dealt with more than 100 cadres at or above the military level suspected of serious violations of discipline and law, which has far exceeded the number of generals who died in the hail of bullets to create a new China.
This reminds me of the scene when I visited West Point in 1997:
At that time, Lieutenant Colonel Huber, the adjutant of the U.S. Army in China, accompanied me to visit West Point. He was a graduate of West Point in 1978.
Two models of the 537.7 and 597.9 highlands of the Shanggan mountains are displayed in the memorial hall of the West Point Military Academy.
Lieutenant Colonel Huber pointed to the model and said to me, you only have two companies guarding these two Highlands, and our seven battalions took turns to attack, but they couldn’t attack. Why?
Yes, we only had two companies to hold the highland!
Is there such a spiritual highland today?
Is there such a strong team?
Can you still see the flag still flying in the smoke of gunfire?
The answer is yes.
From 1921 to 2022, socialism has lived up to China, and the Communist Party of China has lived up to socialism.
Without the Communist Party, there would be no new China.
The Communist Party of China is not only the choice of the people, but also the choice of history.
“Thousands of sails pass by the side of the sunken boat, and thousands of trees spring in front of the diseased tree”.
The Chinese Communists must always keep the historical mission in mind and keep moving forward!
Save the nation from extinction in the first 100 years, and move forward in the next 100 years; The first 100 years have been rough, and the next 100 years are still rough… However, the Communist Party has never given up its fundamental pursuit.
If you look at the world in the future, it must be a red flag world.
This article is dedicated to the 101st anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China!