The reason why Cao Cao did not restore his original surname Xia Hou after he developed

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Cao Cao

Why not change your last name?

Cao Cao’s original surname was Xia Hou, and his father song was zhong chang, serving Cao Teng’s adopted son. Taste its extreme wealth, why not reply to his surname? Later, I saw a Book saying: at that time, there were people who advanced with the prophecy. The ancient people were named officials who did not speak of Cao. Since the Han Dynasty, officials began to speak of Cao, even officials said they belonged to Cao, and soldiers said they served Cao. Is this not the will of heaven? So Cao didn’t return his last name. This or fact.

——”Cao Cao does not return his surname”

There are several ways to say what Cao Cao’s surname is. The history books are also very vague. For Cao Cao’s father Cao song, tracing back to the key factors of Cao Cao’s surname, the history books simply said, “no one can examine the origin and origin of Cao Cao’s surname”. It is estimated that it has been deleted by Cao Cao and Cao Pi, and they don’t want people to know their original surname.

A popular saying is that Cao Cao’s surname is Xia Hou, because his father Cao song was originally Xia Hou Rui’s son, but Xia Hou Rui was a very honest scholar, and later became Nanyang county magistrate, but he was still very angry. He accidentally got involved in the party struggle, was implicated, and lost his official position. He was honest and upright. When he was an official, he had little savings, and when he was not an official, he immediately became destitute. His wife Yan gave birth to two sons, the eldest, xiahouwei. This time it was Cao song. However, the family was really poor and had no choice, so they gave Cao song to Cao Teng, a good friend who was a eunuch in the court. So Cao song changed his surname to Cao.

According to the truth, after Cao Cao developed, it was easy for him to restore his surname, not to mention according to the etiquette and customs, the original surname could be restored after three generations of adopted sons, and Cao Cao could completely let his son Cao Pi and others restore their original surname. However, he did not reply to his last name, which caused a lot of speculation.

Here Zhang Sui gives us a possibility. He agreed that Cao Cao’s original surname was Xia Hou. As for the reason why Cao Cao was unwilling to restore his original surname, Zhang Sui found the answer from the records of a book. Among them, at that time, someone admonished Cao Cao with the theory of divination, telling him that Cao represented Liu and was destined by heaven. Why? Before the Han Dynasty, the official position was not called Cao, but after the Han Dynasty, there were six Cao in the central government, and the chief was the minister; Local governments also have Cao, such as Hu Cao, Fu Cao, etc. Therefore, people are used to calling officials Cao, also known as serving Cao. Is it unclear whether they belong to Cao or serve Cao? Therefore, it is destiny for Cao to replace Liu. Cao Cao is right to think about it. Therefore, in order not to affect the ownership of this destiny, naturally, his surname is still Cao.

A lie’s wishful thinking

original text

Sanhuan satirized Lu as the three armies, which was in line with the “Zhou Li”. His ambition was to humble the public office and seize the power. Cao Cao satirized the Han Dynasty for restoring Jiuzhou, which was in line with Yu Gong. His ambition was to expand Jizhou and benefit its land. All the traitors who want to help their evil schemes, have not failed to guide the Sutra, and the situation is as bad as the devil!

——Cao Cao satirizes Han Fu Jiu Zhou

This paragraph discusses Cao Cao’s intention to satirize the Han Dynasty for restoring Kyushu.

In the ninth year of Jian’an, Cao Cao defeated Yuan Shao, the most powerful northern force, and captured Jizhou. Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty appointed Cao Cao as Jizhou herdsman in recognition of his contributions. In fact, Jizhou became Cao Cao’s private possession. Jizhou was one of the nine prefectures divided by Dayu when he ruled the soil and water. Because it has the largest area and is in the middle of the world, it is the first state in the world. In terms of today’s geographical scope, it is located on the right side of the Jizi Bay of the Yellow River, including the south of today’s Shanxi, the northeast of Henan, the southwest corner of Hebei and the westernmost section of Shanxi. It is the main distribution area of civilization in Xia, Shang and Wednesday dynasties, that is, the ruling center of the three generations.

Since the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, Jizhou has become the territory of Yuan Shao, which is his most important territory. Therefore, as soon as he defeated Yuan Shao, Cao Cao couldn’t wait to take Jizhou into his own hands. On the one hand, it can further consolidate his strength. On the other hand, it is also more important that he should prevent Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty from appointing a minister who is not on the same line with him to be a pastor in Jizhou. Just after the eradication of Yuan Shao, he certainly does not want to have another Yuan Shao.

In short, Jizhou came into his hands. On this basis, he broke it one by one, destroying Yuan Shao’s two sons, Yuan Tan and Yuan Shang, and his nephew Gao Gan, and finally completed the reunification of the north. However, it was already 12 years since Jian’an. Five years later, he defeated Ma Chao and Han Sui, who dominated Xiliang, and returned to the dynasty. Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty issued an imperial edict, following the example of Liu Bang, the emperor Gaozu of the Han Dynasty, who gave preferential treatment to the prime minister Xiao He, and allowed Cao Cao to praise and worship his name, enter the dynasty without pursuing it, and walk in the palace with his sword, which was right


When talking, you can not say your own name, such as old minister so and so; When entering the class, you can walk slowly instead of running fast step by step; You can also go to court with a sword – these were the biggest preferential treatments that could be given to a minister at that time.

However, Cao Cao was not satisfied. The next year, he asked someone to play Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty, saying that the Jiuzhou system recorded in the ancient geography book “Yu Gong” should be restored. Naturally, Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty had only to listen, so he issued an imperial edict to merge 14 states into nine states. A few months later, he asked several people to say hello to Emperor Xian of Han Dynasty: the prime minister should be knighted for such credit. Therefore, Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty had to issue an imperial edict to seal Cao Cao as the Duke of Wei. He was allowed to establish his own ancestral temple and set up bureaucrats to assist officials.

Zhang Sui’s argument was aimed at Cao Cao’s change of fourteen states into nine states. According to the situation at that time, he asked for privileges and titles from Emperor Xian of Han Dynasty, and Emperor Xian of Han listened without discount. However, he asked Emperor Xian of the Han Dynasty to merge fourteen states into nine states. Why? Zhang Sui believes that this is because he wants to further expand his territory. As mentioned earlier, Jizhou is already in his hands, and if the fourteen states are combined into nine states, the territory of Jizhou will be broader.

Zhang Sui believed that this was the same reason that Jisun, shusun and mengsun, the three huans in power of the state of Lu in the spring and Autumn period, asked Duke Zhao of Lu to restore the ritual system of the Zhou Dynasty. At that time, under the banner of establishing the three armies, the three clans divided the land population under the name of the king of the state of Lu into four parts, two to Ji sun, one to Shu sun, and one to Meng sun. As a result, the king of the state of Lu was completely elevated, becoming an empty shelf without any strength, which could only be manipulated by them.

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