The relationship between Chiyou and Yan Emperor is quite complicated. What do later historians say about it?

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Chiyou: the chieftain of the Jiuli tribe in ancient times. There are various explanations about his identity. About 4600 years ago, after the Yellow Emperor defeated the Yan Emperor, he launched a war with Chiyou tribe in Zhuolu County, Hebei Province – the battle of Zhuolu. Chiyou died. Dongyi, Jiuli and other tribes were integrated into the Yan and Huang tribes, forming the earliest main body of the Chinese nation today. In Zhuolu County, Hebei Province, there are Xuanyuan hill, Chiyou tomb, huangdiquan (Hanquan), Chiyou sanzhai, Chiyou spring, Bagua village, dingche platform, Chiyou xueran mountain, earth pagoda, up and down seven banners, Qiaoshan and other relics. For details, please read Zhuolu county annals, historical records, notes to the water classics and other documents and historical materials. Modern architecture includes “three ancestral halls of China”. The following China story net Xiaobian will bring you a detailed introduction. Let’s have a look!


1. Chiyou and Yandi

The relationship between Chiyou and Yan Emperor is quite complicated, and there are different opinions. One view is that Chiyou may have once belonged to Emperor Yan or once joined the tribal alliance headed by Emperor Yan. But later Chiyou had a fierce conflict with Emperor Yan and defeated him.

Some historians represented by Xiazengyou, Dingshan and lvsimian believed that Chiyou was the Yan Emperor. Based on the records of Zhuoshui in the notes to the water classics, they verified that “Zhuolu” in the battle between Chiyou and the Yellow Emperor and “Hanquan” in the battle between Yan and Huang were actually one place. The two great wars were actually the same, and Chiyou and Yan Emperor meant the same. In addition, both Chiyou and Yan Emperor took cattle as their totem, which is consistent with Chiyou’s Totem image in later generations.


Another point of view is that Chiyou was later than Yan Emperor. Both belong to the same tribe, and both are the titles of the tribe or its leader. Then the Yellow Emperor first defeated the Yandi tribe in the wild of banquan. Chiyou tribe, as a descendant of the Yan Emperor, fought with the Yellow Emperor in Zhuolu for revenge. After the defeat, the leader was captured and killed, and some of the clansmen were subordinated to the Yellow Emperor.

2. Chiyou and the Yellow Emperor

In China, where Confucianism has been the mainstream for a long time, the concept of “orthodoxy” has always been emphasized, and many historians have the tradition of “becoming king and defeating the enemy”. The battle between the Yellow Emperor and Chiyou was gradually described as a war between justice and evil. Represented by the historical records of the five emperors, it spread widely.

In non Confucian literature such as Yi Zhou Shu and Shan Hai Jing, the description of the war between Chiyou and the Yellow Emperor is relatively objective. In the Taoist classic Zhuangzi, he took advantage of the words of stealing Zhi to show sympathy for Chiyou and denounce the Yellow Emperor. Disclaimer: the above content originates from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. Please inform us if your original copyright is infringed, and we will delete the relevant content as soon as possible.

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