Turning friends into enemies, how did the United States lose Iran?

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Original: housha source wechat official account: housha has been authorized to reprint

Russian President Putin began his working visit to Tehran on July 19.

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He was warmly welcomed by the Iranians. Russia and Iran signed a $40billion “century order” and the two countries will jointly develop many oil and gas fields in Iran.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan also met with Putin in Tehran. The three countries issued a joint statement, making it clear that they did not welcome the United States to station troops in Syria.

Compared with Biden’s humble visit to the Middle East and his disheartened return to the United States, Putin’s visit was fruitful, and by the way, he shattered the endless rumors about his health problems in the West.

Since Biden and Putin visited the Middle East in front and back, there was a sense of confrontation, and the western media inevitably compared the two.

And some American media are asking, why did Iran lose its former ally?

In the Middle East in the last century, the biggest geopolitical failure of the United States was the change in Iran. The tens of billions of dollars of aid invested by the United States failed overnight. The United States and Iran changed from allies to deadly enemies, and today it is still the biggest pain in the heart of the United States.

American trumpeters always like to show photos on the Internet, saying how rich and open Iran was in the age of Pahlavi king, and how poor and conservative it is today. So, why don’t they say Iraq was destroyed by the U.S. military?

If Iran was really so beautiful before 1979, why would the Dynasty be quickly overthrown?

Pahlavi Dynasty

The main force to overthrow King Pahlavi is the “red black alliance” — red refers to the left-wing forces of the petty bourgeoisie; black refers to the forces of the Islamic Shia.

It was the United States that supported these two forces for a long time and used it as a means to force the king to obey the United States more, which finally led to Iran’s change.

More than 30000 US military advisers and CIA intelligence personnel have established a brutal “Savak” organ (secret police) in Iran

At least one relative of every civilian family in Iran was killed by “Savak”, and hatred has accumulated for more than 20 years. The “red black alliance” shouted and the whole people responded. How can a dynasty that has lost its mass base continue to exist?

The Iranian people hate the king Pahlavi more than the ubiquitous American blackhands.

Iraq is pro Soviet and Iran is anti Soviet. Even after 1979, Iran did not fall to the Soviet Union.

To understand Iran’s today, we must understand Iran’s yesterday.

Persia has a glorious history, which is limited to space. Let’s start with modern times.

From the mid-19th century to 1921, the Iranians had no independent regime and could only follow the instructions of Britain and tsarist Russia.

Persia cannot even pass laws on the issue that the ambassadors of Britain and Russia disagree. They want to control Iran’s oil.

In the eyes of ancient “fire worshipers”, oil is an eternal flame. In the mid-19th century, two French scientists determined that there were huge oil reserves here.

In 1872, Feng Baron Reuters got the commercial exploitation right of oil, but due to insufficient funds, he could not afford the expensive exploration and production project, so he had to give up. Baron Reuters changed to media, so there was “Reuters”.

After the investment of the British consortium, Iran extracted the first barrel of oil on May 26th, 1908.

At that time, Iran was one of the poorest countries in the world, with an average life expectancy of 30 years and an illiteracy rate of 99%. There is no army, no police, no railway, no highway, no electricity, only opium and religion. All industries that can make money are controlled by Britain and Russia, and the Persian Empire exists only in historical books.

In 1907, Britain and Russia had signed the Treaty of partition of Iran, with tsarist Russia in the north and Britain in the south. The Kaiga Dynasty has only one Tehran area to rule.

In August 1920, an Iranian Cossack cavalry brigade man named Lisa Khan’s officers led 2500 elite soldiers to fight all the way from Ghazvin Province in the northwest to Tehran, forcing the king to seal him as prime minister.

On October 31, 1925, the Iranian parliament voted to abolish the Kaiga Dynasty and put the crown on Reza Sweat head. In April, 1926, Reza was crowned king of Iran, known as Reza Shah Pahlavi made his 7-year-old eldest son crown prince.

Lisa knew that he was semi literate, so he attached great importance to the education of the crown prince. At the age of six, he let him learn French from French female teacher alpha. In 1931, the 12-year-old crown prince was sent to the noble school in lerosse, Switzerland.

The crown prince returned to serve at the age of 17 and has governed the country with his father since 1938, but Iran was immediately involved in the international situation.

On September 1st, 1939, Hitler attacked Poland and World War II broke out. King Reza chose neutrality and secretly favored Germany.

On June 22nd, 1941, when Germany attacked the Soviet Union, Reza still emphasized Iran’s neutrality.

At that time, the only way for Soviet troops to receive foreign aid was through the Persian Gulf to Iran, and then to Soviet territory. Iran is neutral and does not allow the passage of war materials, which is tantamount to being an enemy of the allies. Reza made a major political mistake.

On August 23, Stalin sent the motorized Red Army troops to attack Iran from the north, and five British divisions attacked from the south. Five days later, Iran gave up resistance, and the Soviet Union and Britain informed the Iranian royal family that Tehran would be occupied on September 17 unless Reza abdicated.

On September 16, Reza announced that he was in exile and that Pahlavi, 22, would succeed to the throne.

Britain did not agree. London asked for the succession of a prince of Kaiga Dynasty. The Soviet Union objected, and Churchill counted it very well, because the prince served in the British Royal Navy.

On September 19, Britain and the Soviet Union agreed to recognize the new king Pahlavi. King Pahlavi declared war on Germany, ending the policy of neutrality.

After World War II, Britain and the Soviet Union competed for Iran and restrained each other. Iran has some autonomy and basically complete its territory. Then another beast entered Iran.

On March 7, 1951, the former Prime Minister razmara was assassinated in Tehran, and the 72 year old mosatai became prime minister. Before 1953, the real power of Iran was in the hands of prime minister mosatai, and the king was elevated.

In 1953, the CIA helped King Pahlavi carry out a coup against Prime Minister mosatai.

On August 19, the palace guards attacked the prime minister’s residence under the leadership of American adviser and Guard commander nasiri. At the same time, the United States helped the royalists control all radio stations in the country and released public opinion saying that the prime minister had fallen. That night, the prime minister’s guard was defeated, and mosatai hid in the basement and was arrested.

Fearing a nationwide riot, King Pahlavi imprisoned mosatai until his death in 1967.

Many important members of the former cabinet and the army were executed, such as foreign minister Fatemi, who was a communist. Whether he died or not was up to the United States.

King Pahlavi wanted to nationalize oil, but he dared not do so. It was not until July 31st, 1973 that Iran announced the nationalization of oil in order to distribute the oil wealth to the people in society, but the United States did not like it.

The next great change in Iran is divided into three stages:

1? The anti American and anti King movement began in early June 1977, and was dominated by intellectuals and students.

2? In January, 1978, the main force of the movement was the rural poor and the urban petty bourgeoisie.

3? In June, 1978, the “red black alliance” was formed, and the sports organization ability was greatly improved.

When Carter became president of the United States in 1976, while the Democratic Party needed Iran as a pillar of the Middle East, it raised anti king of Iran public opinion on the grounds of “defending human rights”, provoking dissatisfaction among the Iranian people and making the king inseparable from the support of the United States.

Even during King Pahlavi’s visit to the United States, the CIA had to arrange people to hold up anti slogans to show that Carter was a “human rights” president.

Many Iranian intellectuals stirred up trouble under the instigation of the United States. The surge in oil prices in 1973 was the most abundant time for Iran’s finance, but the Democratic Party scolded the king as the culprit for the high oil prices.

The oil price rose, and the people did not get obvious benefits due to the obstruction of the big landlord class. The so-called “white revolution” carried out by the king did not dare to touch on the land issue, which eventually led to a strange situation of joint rebellion by businessmen, petty bourgeoisie, Shiites and the left wing (Soviet forces).

Khomeini, who came back from Paris, finally reaped the biggest fruit (Saddam Hussein expelled him from Iraq in 1978 to ease the relationship between Iran and Iraq).

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Khomeini, simply put, is a mixture of Danton (leader of the French Revolution) and Savonarola (Italian reformist). With great social appeal and superb political means, the king is far from his opponent.

When the United States toppled the mosatai regime in 1953, it was doomed to the end that eggs beat chickens fly.

The United States interrupted Iran’s historical opportunity to become a true constitutional monarchy. For its own oil and strategic interests, it simply supported a monarchy, but abandoned King Pahlavi at the last moment. President Carter also refused the king to come to the United States for asylum.

After the change, Iran became an extremely anti American regime, which was very strong. The Iran Iraq war lasted for eight years and did not collapse.

Without Iran, an ally in the Middle East, the United States will lose control of the Strait of Hormuz.

In order to defeat Iran, the United States chose full sanctions, but because of the importance of Iranian oil to Europe, Iran still insisted through oil trading. What is more interesting is that the main force of its air force is the fighter aircraft previously sold by the United States.

The United States has never dared to use military means to solve Iran, because once the Strait of Hormuz is sealed, it will definitely be a disaster for its Western allies.

In the late 1990s, the United States and Israel jointly created the “Iran nuclear crisis” to kidnap Western allies and jointly sanction Iran.

Iran is more determined to deal with the United States to the end.

In 2011, the United States launched the “Arab Spring” and also wanted to carry out a color revolution against Iran. The relationship between the two sides deteriorated once again.

After the rapid rise of China’s economy, China’s demand for energy has become the world’s largest. At this time, China’s influence on the Middle East is also increasing rapidly. As the enemy of the United States, Iran naturally chooses to stand with its opponents.

Biden threatened Iran with military means during his trip to the Middle East, but what is the use? In the past, Iran was not afraid, and now it is even less afraid.

The evil consequences were originally planted in the United States. Who is to blame for the consequences?

This is called lifting a stone and hitting yourself in the foot! But the United States still insists on doing so. But we cannot see the changes in the pattern of international power.

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