Emperor yuan of the Han Dynasty (75-33 BC), namely Liu Yu, emperor of the Western Han Dynasty. Emperor Xuan of Han Dynasty. He reigned from 49 BC to 33 BC. Like Confucianism. Gong Yu, xueguangde, Wei Xuancheng, Kuang Heng and others were successively appointed as prime ministers. Eunuchs Hong Gong and Shi Xian were ordered to give a reward of ten thousand yuan. He also made use of Shi and Xu, relatives of his family. During the reign, taxes and servitude were heavy, and the Western Han Dynasty began to decline from victory. In the spring and March of the first year of Jingning reign of the Yuan emperor of the Han Dynasty, the Xiongnu called Han Xie Chanyu and invited himself to join the DPRK. The imperial edict was approved. Hu Hanxie set out from beyond the Great Wall to Chang’an. He met the Yuan emperor and begged the Yuan emperor to surrender the princess to make peace after the most respectful ceremony of Hu Bang.
The Yuan emperor was worried about the rights and wrongs in the frontier. He wanted to detain the Huns for a while, so as to save money and labor. He made a generous promise. When Hu Hanxie quit, the Yuan emperor returned to the harem, but hesitated again. He thought that there had been a story of marriage in the previous generation. All of them took the children of the imperial family privately, pretended to be princesses, and married Shan Yu. Since the past dynasties, it has never been exposed. Now Hu Hanxie has come to Chang’an by himself, and there are many followers. Moreover, Hu Hanxie has surrendered, which is not what it used to be. If he still follows the previous method, he will inevitably show flaws; But if a real princess is sent to marry in a wild land, I can’t bear it. The Yuan emperor could not help but frown.
At that time, fengzhaoyi was nearby. She said to emperor yuan of the Han Dynasty, “there are tens of thousands of people in the imperial palace. Nine times out of ten, you have never seen your majesty. Your majesty usually wants to be lucky with the people in the imperial palace. You can choose the one who looks beautiful in the picture to come to bed. If you choose this way, your majesty will live a long life, and you will not be lucky enough to have many people in the imperial palace. Now you might as well choose an ordinary looking maid in the imperial palace.” It turned out that after the Yuan emperor ascended the throne, he thought the women in the imperial palace were old and lusty, so he ordered to select beautiful women from all over the world to enter the palace, and asked the painters to paint their shapes for them, so that he could look at the pictures every night and choose the beautiful ones for luck. The Yuan emperor ordered people to take all the pictures of beauties in the harem before him. The emperor of the Yuan Dynasty saw many pictures, but he didn’t have time to examine them carefully. He randomly selected one of the less beautiful ones and ordered a secretary to handle the dowry.
On the next day, the Yuan emperor specially held a banquet in the Jinluan hall to entertain Hu Hanxie. When the wine was half drunk, he ordered the princess to be summoned so that they could go to the guest house with Hu Han Yeshan to get married. I saw a group of palace maids crowding out a beautiful woman, gently moving the lotus feet, and saying goodbye before approaching the throne. The Yuan emperor did not look at it, but glanced at it, and he was scared out of his mind. It turns out that this man is really a peerless beauty. But she was as charming as a willow in the wind; Pink cheeks spray red, like lotus reflecting the sun; Two dark eyebrows, with slight frown and frown, seemed to have an angry look, like a lonely orchid in an empty valley, which made the Empress Dowager lose color.
The Yuan emperor was so lost that he asked softly, “what’s your name and when will you enter the palace?” She gently folded her willow waist and slowly opened her pearl throat, just like a chirping warbler Playing: “my queen, I have been in the palace for three years.” After hearing this, emperor yuan thought to himself why he hadn’t seen the woman since she had been in the palace for many years? It’s a pity that he was so beautiful that he let foreigners enjoy it. He wanted to leave Wang Yi and give Hu Hanxie another person. Looking back, Hu Hanxie was sitting in the hall, and although he looked at Wang Yi with his eyes, he refused to turn them. The Yuan emperor was afraid of losing his faith and being slandered by his subjects for being lecherous. There was no choice but to calm down, ordered several words, closed his eyes, waved his hand and said, “this is my negative beauty, so you have to go out of the fortress!” Hu Hanxie saw the absent-minded look of the Yuan emperor. He thought that his bones and flesh were far away and could not give up. He hurried out of his seat and knelt down to the Yuan emperor and said: “I have received the grace of your majesty, and I will follow the crow with the colorful Phoenix. Please rest assured, your majesty. I will treat the princess with courtesy. My children and grandchildren will be subject to the heaven, and I will never have any second thoughts.” Hearing Hu Hanxie’s words, the Yuan emperor only nodded his head, ordered the princess to be escorted to the guest house to get married, watched her get up and go out, and brushed her sleeves into the palace.
After returning to the palace unhappily, the Yuan emperor ordered to take a close look at the picture of the palace maid waiting for the imperial edict. The picture of Wang Zhaojun was only twoorthree points in shape, but it was still sketchy and lifeless. Then I took a look at the portraits of the palace people who had already been fortunate. The paintings were exquisite and better than me. I knew the disadvantages of painting. He ordered Yousi to arrest and interrogate the painter who painted Wang Yi’s face. A company summoned all Chang’an painters. It was found on the spot that this man was Du Ling maoyanshou, who failed to ask for bribes for the portrait of the harem. They all deliberately painted the beautiful face of flowers as a lifeless ordinary woman like clay sculpture and wood sculpture. After the case was approved, Mao Yanshou cheated the king and beheaded him.
Wang Yi, with the word Zhaojun, is the eldest daughter of Wang Yi, a native of Zigui, Nanjun. After Wang entered the palace, as a rule, he had to be painted by painters and presented to the imperial palace for luck at any time. Mao Yanshou was originally a painter, and he drew most from life. However, he was greedy by nature and repeatedly asked for bribes from the palace maids. The palace maids all hoped to become favourites in the palace. Most of them gave money to each other. Mao Yanshou added a charm to the bottom of his pen, which could easily make the ugly look like Xi Shi and Zheng Dan. If he had no money to give him, he would paint his ugly face as a mother without salt. Only Wang Zhaojun, who was poor in family circumstances, but also boasted of his beauty, was unable to bribe, and was arrogant and refused to accommodate. Therefore, Mao Yanshou deliberately damaged it. Therefore, after several years, she is still a palace maid waiting for imperial edicts. There are so many beauties in the harem. Mao Yanshou cheated for many years, but no one noticed. At this time, Wang Zhaojun had to take her Pipa with him and follow Hu Hanxie to the north side of the Great Wall, which was covered with yellow sand.
A team of guards sent by the imperial court passed Chang’an Avenue in a mighty way, with thousands of people along the way, competing to see the style of Zhaojun; Seeing such a gorgeous beauty leave the prosperous imperial capital and go to the desolate land of Hu, accompanying an aging Hun Shan Yu, they all sigh for it. From Chang’an to Xiongnu, there is an endless desert. Zhaojun was very sad when he thought of the situation when the Yuan emperor and her were separated. If he didn’t get cheated by the painter, he would be favored. Isn’t it true that she is so beautiful and beautiful as she is around the Yuan emperor? As she walked, she secretly grieved. The Great Wall is a barren land. Every year from spring to winter, there is no grass on the ground. Wang Yi thought and sighed by herself. She was bored and could not solve her worries. She had to hold a Pipa and play the song of going out of the frontier to amuse herself. Filled with deep resentment, infinite sadness, mixed with strong nostalgia and a trace of longing, the sound is heartbreaking. Who knows that the wild geese flying across the sky, seeing her beautiful as flowers, and hearing the sad sound of the piano, unexpectedly fell to the ground. This is the allusion of “falling wild goose” in “sinking fish and falling wild goose”.
Out of Yanmen pass, yellow dust billows, cattle and sheep everywhere, and boundless green grass reaches the sky. After Wang Kai arrived at the Huns, Hu Hanxie also treated her well and was named Ning Hu Kai. However, Hu Jia’s lamenting, drinking fishy food and eating mutton made Wang Zhaojun always miss his hometown. He gave birth to a son named ituyas. Later, Hu Hanxie died of illness, and his eldest son, Diao Tao Mogao, was the heir, named Ruo Kui Danyu. At that time, Wang Yi was still in the mood for love at the age of 24. If he saw that Wang Zhaojun’s beauty was not declining, he would be his wife and family again. She has been in the Huns for several years and knows a little about the rules of her native country. It is a custom of the Hu people that a father can marry his mother when he dies. On the day Ruo Kan became king, she asked him, “you are a Hu people, and I am a Han woman; now that you have become Shan Yu, I don’t know whether to follow Hu or Han?” Ruoku said, “this is the custom of our country. Naturally, we should follow Hu customs.” If Kan, Wang was granted the Kan surname; All treatment is the same as that of Shan Yu. Later, Zhaojun gave birth to two daughters. The eldest daughter was Xu Buju, and the second daughter was Dangyu Ju. More than ten years later, Zhaojun died of illness. It is buried on the South Bank of Dahei river. The cemetery still exists today. After autumn, the grass outside the Great Wall is yellow. However, the grass on Wang Zhaojun’s tomb is green all the year round, so it was called a green tomb at that time. Because her pink powder was scattered and she was far suitable for foreign countries, later generations specially made a song, which was composed into Yuefu, and was called Zhaojun resentment. Some people say that Zhaojun played his Pipa immediately when he left the fortress and compiled this word.
Wangzhaojun is one of the famous “Four Beauties” in ancient China. Her deeds are recorded in official history such as the book of Han and the book of post Han. However, during the period of more than 60 years of Han and Hungarian marriage, none of the princesses of the Han clan who undertook the important task of “marriage” left any traces in history; In contrast, the deeds of Wang Zhaojun, who was not as noble as the imperial family princess, have been recorded in detail in history, and many new stories have been derived. The reason is that Wang Zhaojun’s humble status has aroused the sympathy and concern of the general public. In addition, with the spread of various folk literature and unofficial history novels, scholars and scholars often describe, chant and praise her, making Wang Zhaojun’s deeds widely spread. Therefore, its strange experience left many outstanding problems for future generations.
The deeds of Zhaojun and his relatives recorded in the Han Dynasty biography of the Huns are still simple records, After the Han Dynasty, the biography of the southern Huns has added such “Zhaojun is a native of Nanjun. At the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty, he was elected to yeting as a son of a good family. At that time, Han Xie was called to the court, and the Emperor gave it to five palace maids. After several years in the palace, Zhaojun could not see the Emperor, but asked the yeting order to do it. Han Xie was called to resign at the meeting, and the emperor called five women to show it. Zhaojun was full of beautiful ornaments, Guangming Han Palace, and gujingfei returned. The emperor was shocked and wanted to stay, but it was difficult to break his promise, so he gave birth to two sons with the Huns. And Hu Han died of evil. The descendants of the Kan family wanted to marry him. Zhaojun wrote a letter to ask for his return. Emperor Cheng ordered him to follow Hu customs, so he was restored to the later Shan Yu Yan family. ” It also records the stories of Zhaojun’s automatic pursuit of action and Yuan emperor’s “intention to stay” for Zhaojun’s beauty. In the works of Yuefu poets, there appeared “the picture lost its innocence, and let China sit on the wrong side. You can’t do it again, and my concubine’s life is to marry”; “At the beginning of the Han Dynasty, the imperial court was full of military officials. There was no need to kill concubines and work hard to get along with relatives” and other so-called “Zhaojun’s resentment” and “Zhaojun’s sigh”. In addition to the detailed records of Wang Zhaojun’s deeds in ancient books such as Han Dynasty, Qin Cao, Xijing Miscellany and Yuefu ancient problems, there are 503 poems written for Wang Zhaojun by poets of all dynasties, as well as countless novels and dramas. It can be seen that many accounts about Zhaojun are gradually increasing, and its credibility will inevitably be greatly reduced. For example, in Gehong’s “miscellany in western Beijing”, Mao Yanshou, a painter, added a mole on Wang Zhaojun’s portrait because he failed to ask for a bribe. At that time, there were many palace maids. The Yuan emperor selected palace maids only to identify beauty and ugliness from the portraits presented by the painter.
Even the name of Zhaojun is uncertain. It is generally believed that Wang Zhaojun, whose surname is Wang, whose name is Yi, and whose character is Zhaojun, is also known as “Ming imperial concubine” in history. In the Western Jin Dynasty, in order to avoid Sima Zhao’s taboo, Wang Zhaojun was renamed “Ming Jun”, and later there was a saying of “Ming imperial concubine”. However, some people objected that Wang Zhaojun’s surname was Wang and his first name and characters were unknown. According to the court rules of the Western Han Dynasty, the palace maids did not call their maiden’s family name from the day they entered the palace, so their original name was unknown. Wang Zhaojun was no exception. When “Wang Qiang” was first mentioned in the annals of the Han Dynasty and the Yuan Dynasty, the word “Wang Qiang” was related to the boats used to carry her away from her hometown, that is, she was a girl surnamed Wang who came by boat. Later, the Xiongnu biography, also known as “King dung”, was not the original name of Zhaojun, but just a symbol to remember sound and meaning. After the Han Dynasty, the biography of the southern Huns was changed to “Wang Yi”, which made its name unified. The word “Zhaojun” was given the title of “Zhaojun”, which was not an official title. On the eve of going out of the frontier, she had to improve her political status in order to achieve the goal of marriage, so she was granted the title of “Zhaojun”. Over time, Zhaojun and Wang Yi, which marked her political identity or birth characteristics, were taken as her name.
In addition, there are many disputes about the reason why Zhaojun left the frontier. The common view is that Zhaojun was upright and upright, and refused to bribe the painters, so the painters painted her very ugly, which naturally failed to attract the emperor’s attention and interest. After a long time, she gradually became bitter about guarding the court. It happened that the Xiongnu came to ask for marriage, so she took the initiative to ask for marriage out of the frontier. However, some people later believed that Mao Yanshou’s painting of Wang Zhaojun was not credible. Another theory holds that Wang Zhaojun is a palace maid with extraordinary courage and insight from a civilian background. In order to get rid of the shackles of the palace, and for the sake of the unity and friendship between the Han and the Huns for generations, she voluntarily accepted the call and married the Huns as a “messenger of reconciliation”. I’m afraid that there is some misinterpretation of folk stories by ideology in a specific period. Wang Anshi said it well: “Han en is shallow and Hu en is deep. Life is happy in knowing each other.”. As for Zhaojun who later refused to follow Hu customs and took poison to commit suicide, this is a folk association, which is related to the imagination and harsh requirements of the Han people on the concept of chastity, not a historical fact. “Poor green graves have been deserted, and there are still mourning strings left today.” Perhaps only the boundless grass knows what the real Wang Zhaojun in history is like.