Wen Zun Tian Wang: the God of Brahmanism in India, one of the four heavenly kings of Buddhism

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The king of heaven, the great God of Buddhist dharma protector, is one of the four heavenly kings. According to folklore, this king is the God of Brahmanism in ancient India, which has appeared in the ancient Indian epic Mahabharata and other books. The following China story network editor will bring you a detailed introduction. Let’s have a look!


In the north, it is often heard that the statue of the king of heaven and the Dharma protector of the universal body are the Galan in the “Temple of the king of heaven” in the Mahayana Buddhist temple in China. They are generally green, wearing armor, holding a huiumbrella in their right hand and a god mouse spitting treasure in their left hand. The Sanskrit translation of “visana” translates into “Duowen &quote;. According to the northern world of Mount Sumi, the king holds a wisdom umbrella to subdue demons and protect living beings’ cultivation resources.

In the north, it is often heard that the Dharma protector of the heavenly king is the Dharma protector shown by Bodhisattvas in eight places and the embodiment of the northern Duobao Buddha. Therefore, it is a monk’s treasure and worldly Dharma protector. In essence, although it is one of the four heavenly kings in the north, we can’t simply confuse them into one because of their different manifestations. Because the four heavenly kings belong to the worldly Dharma protector, which is not within the scope of conversion territory, while Pishan Dharma protector is shown as the worldly Dharma protector, which belongs to the conversion object in the conversion territory.


It is often heard in the north that the heavenly king has endless eight dragons and gods waiting for his attendants. In the north, there are many statues of the Dharma protector of the heavenly king Pu Tian. In Chinese Mahayana Buddhist temples, the body color is usually like Zhan Tan gold, with one side and two arms. The right hand stands upright to hold the buildings inlaid with various treasures, and the left hand holds the spitting mouse that can spit endless treasures. His face was slightly angry. The Royal costume is very gorgeous. Wearing a crown decorated with gold and precious stones, the upper body of the statue is decorated with precious jewelry. Behind the statue, two elegant green silk ribbons wind to the lotus seat. Zunyou holds the landmark Shengzhuang, which symbolizes the wealth and happiness brought by the king to the good people, as well as the indispensable precious rain and dew in good weather. Holding a snow-white treasure spitting mouse in his left hand, it symbolizes that he can give endless treasure. The king’s Aiqi is a red maned white lion general with a wide mouth, and can spit out all kinds of treasures to save all poor creatures.

Inspirational deeds

Master Tang Bukong’s translation of the northern Pishan Heavenly King’s Dharma guard ritual also states:

In the first year of Tianbao (742), Anxi city was besieged by the Tibetan army, and the king of Pishan appeared on the north gate of the city, shining brightly. And &quote; Golden mouse " Biting the bowstring of the enemy, three or five hundred magic soldiers wore gold armor, and the sound of drums shook three hundred miles. The earth moved and landslides, the Tibetan army collapsed, Anxi played, Xuanzong was happy, and the prefectures of the various prefectures were ordered to place a statue of the king of heaven in the northwest corner of the tower.

For a while, the heavenly king of Pishan was very powerful and full of incense.

The king of Pishan is the king of knowledge.

“Praise of the heavenly king”

The king of treasure is golden,

Hold the treasure house and the silver mouse.

The power subdues the Yaksha crowd,

The ceiling lamp hears a lot about the king of heaven.

I sincerely wish the guru good health,

Carry forward the Dharma industry for Yongchang.

May all of you come to provide for the heavenly king of the gift treasure, and Shanghai Chuanming lay reverent. If you salute sincerely and provide for the king of heaven in the north, you can get great wealth. Therefore, the king of heaven is in charge of wealth.


The belief of the king of Heaven (vishantian) in the Tang Dynasty of China, Emperor Ming of the Tang Dynasty was able to calm many chaos because of the protection of the king of heaven, so he specially ordered it to be enshrined. The army of the Tang Dynasty drew flags in the image of the king of heaven, called “the flag of the king of heaven”, to bless the prosperity of Wu Yun.

After Buddhism was introduced into Japan, many military generals in the Warring States period of Japan believed in Buddhism, and there was also the famous “surrender of visamantian” – the military God of Vietnam, Shangshan Qianxin, who claimed to be the incarnation of visamantian. His military flag has the words “Pi” (variant of “Pi”). Visamantian has also been included in one of the “seven blessing gods” of Japanese folk belief. According to Japanese folklore, there was once a temple dedicated to “visamantian”. Monks in the temple could get food as long as they threw an empty bowl into the air.

It is often said that the original image of the heavenly king is holding a pagoda in his right hand and a trident in his left hand. In late China, in order to match the auspicious significance of “good weather”, the tower and halberd on its statue’s hand were generally changed to an “umbrella” Representing “rain”. The king of Duowen has many sons, one named Dujian and the other named Nezha (one said that Nezha is the grandson of the king of Duowen), who are important Dharma protectors of Buddhism.

Many people believe that the image of Li Jing, the king of tota Li in the list of gods and journey to the west, comes from the “king of heaven who has heard a lot”.

In the Mahayana Buddhist temples in China, the northern Duowen Zuntian Wang is the guardian God in the north and the middle of the sky based on Xumi mountain. It is called the “four great Zuntian kings” together with the eastern monarch Zuntian Wang, the southern growth Zuntian Wang, and the western Guangmu Zuntian Wang.

The fifth Sutra of the great day said: “next to the north gate, we should set up the king of Pishan, and set around it the Eight Generals of Yasha: a manipathara, translated as Baoxian. The two Bulu nabatara are translated as man Xian. Three half Zhijia, formerly known as Sanzhi. Four sand Qi Li. The five people who live in snow capped mountains are Yumoto. Six pisacha. Seven Azhar GAH. Eight and a half zaras. (introduce the eight subordinates of the king of heaven in the north, namely the eight Yasha generals)

According to the legend of Chinese Buddhists:

According to beigulu, the king of heaven in the north is a yellow God, holding a treasure spitting beast, which provides infinite food for the world. From the north, I heard that the statue of the Dharma protector of the heavenly king Pu Tian radiated thousands of rays. You wear a jeweled crown on your head, a golden armor with a luxurious heavenly coat, wide eyes, full of sideburns, and love to ride a roaring green maned white lion.

The right hand of the king kept turning the Hui umbrella, so that the energy source continued to distribute food for all living beings; The left Zun of the king holds a treasure spitting mouse, which is said to spit inexhaustible treasures from its mouth. There are also eight gods of wealth, known as the “eight steeds God of wealth”, in zhouza, which honors the king. These eight gods of wealth closely surround Lang se, the God of wealth. They are very similar to Lang Se in appearance. They are powerful but not ferocious. They all hold a magic weapon in their right hand and a treasure spitting mouse in their left hand.

In the romance of apotheosis, the king of heaven was often called magic ceremony red. He was in charge of the magic weapon Hunyuan umbrella, and was ordered to attack Xiqi. Finally, he was nailed to death by the heart saving nail issued by Huang Tianhua. Disclaimer: the above content originates from the network, and the copyright belongs to the original author. Please inform us if your original copyright is infringed, and we will delete the relevant content as soon as possible.

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