Who is hexiangu in myth and legend? What is hexiangu’s identity? How did hexiangu finally become an immortal? The following China story net Xiaobian will bring you a detailed introduction. Let’s have a look!
Introduction to hexiangu
Hexiangu, one of the eight immortals and the only female among the eight immortals, skillfully rains in time. There is a hexiangu temple in the ten stone gates of Fuchuan mountain in the south of Shehe, which has been passed down for thousands of years. It is located in the Dragon Cave with upside down lotus flowers. Because she became an immortal in this lotus shape, there are two metaphorical meanings: first, upside down, which caters to the wonderful meaning of Fuchuan mountain (also known as the whole mountain of Buddha, which is full of Buddha), which means that the Buddha’s light is covered and illuminated. Second, the lotus flower, the lotus seat of Buddha, the Buddha is born in lotus, the emptiness of Buddha, and the root of Buddha. Therefore, her image is holding lotus, which is why she is nicknamed “Lotus Fairy”.
Why does hexiangu rank eighth
It is said that hexiangu was one of the Eight Immortals in stalagmite mountain at the invitation of tie Guai Li at the gathering of immortals in the Northern Song Dynasty.
Hexiangu’s life experience
Among the eight immortals, the only female is hexiangu. It is said that she was among the eight immortals at the invitation of tie Guai Li at the gathering of immortals in the Northern Song Dynasty.
Hexiangu is one of the eight immortals who govern the world and are widely believed in China. Xi’an has built the eight immortals palace, and there are incense sticks in Mount Tai Wangmu pool and other places. Since the Tang and Song Dynasties, there have been many stories about hexiangu and Lvdong Pentax.
Among the “Eight Immortals”, hexiangu is a woman full of human feelings. Therefore, temple fair activities – " Hexiangu’s birthday;, There are heavy celebrations everywhere. Guangzhou has to celebrate its birthday in Zengcheng. It is the lunar calendar: on the seventh day of March, Xi’an’s Baxian palace celebrates its birthday on the ninth day of April – the celebration dates vary slightly depending on the location.
There are also many theories about hexiangu’s hometown and origin in the world, such as Zengcheng in Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Zhejiang, Anhui, Hunan and so on. There are different opinions, probably because there have been a lot of people celebrating hexiangu’s birthday all the time. People often regard hexiangu as their local hometown because of the feeling of salute. The one who responds to him is the elder immortal teacher. According to the records of local chronicles such as annals of Anqing Prefecture, annals of Qiyang County, annals of Fujian Province, annals of Zhejiang Province and annals of Shexian County cited in the ancient and modern book integration miracles, there are " Hexiangu " You can get the miraculous trace of the local people.
The story of hexiangu
Eat peaches and become Immortals
Hexiangu, whose real name is hexiugu, is a native of Xingui Township, Xiaolou District, Zengcheng County, Guangzhou. Wu Zetian of Tang Dynasty was born on the seventh day of March in the summer calendar. He was the daughter of Hetai, a tofu maker in Zengcheng county. When he was 13 years old, he met a Taoist while picking tea in the mountains. The Taoist priest gave her a peach to eat. From then on, she was not hungry or thirsty. She knew about the world and stopped blaming her. Later, she became an immortal in the daytime during the reign of emperor Jinglong of the middle Tang Dynasty (707-710).
Eat mica and become immortal
Hexiangu, whose real name was hexiugu, was born on the seventh day of March in the summer calendar in the Tang Dynasty. She is the daughter of Hetai, a tofu maker in Xingui Township, Xiaolou District, Zengcheng County, Guangzhou. Xiugu was smart since childhood. At the age of 14, she was lucky to meet LV Dongbin who traveled here. Lu gave her some mica pieces to eat. From then on, she was able to know the misfortunes and blessings of the world. She often visited immortals in Luofu Mountain.
Later, her parents found a husband’s family named Feng for her. Xiugu refused to marry. On the eighth day of August of a certain year in the middle emperor Jinglong, she threw herself into the well in front of her house. Only one shoe was worn when throwing into the well, and another shoe was left on the well platform. After that, she floated out of the river in Putian, Fujian Province. It turned out that the well was connected with the river. At that time, it was said to be a strange case, so there was a legend that xiugu had “ascended to heaven”.
In the Dali Period of Dai Zong (766-779), Xiangu appeared in the small building of her hometown. Someone saw her enjoying the cool under a litchi tree in Xiyuan temple and hanging a green silk belt on the tree. Now this place is called “hanging green garden”, and the fruit of this litchi has a green ribbon, that is, the famous “hanging green litchi” in Zengcheng. This strange tree was recorded in the new dialect of Guangdong and the annals of Zengcheng County by Qu Dajun of the Qing Dynasty. Later, people built a hexiangu family temple in the small building. This temple still exists today. There is a couplet on the gate: “a thousand years of footprints are left in the Danjing well, and hundreds of generations of clothes are worshipped by the ancient temple”.
Picking red bayberry in Luofu Mountain
There was he erniang in Guangzhou who worked as a shoe Weaver. When she was 20 years old, she suddenly went to Luofushan temple and often collected red bayberry for the temple people. However, Luofushan had no red bayberry, so the monks did not know where these red bayberry came from. Four hundred miles to the north of Luofu Mountain, there is the Xunzhou mountain temple. In front of the temple, there are Myrica rubra trees with dozens of circumference. Once, a monk from Xunzhou temple came to Luofu Mountain and talked about a fairy coming to their temple to pick plum blossoms on a certain day. The monk from Luofu Temple heard that it was the day when he erniang picked plum blossoms for fasting, so everyone knew that she was a “Fairy”. In Tang Kaiyuan (713-741), he ordered the yellow gate emissary to visit he erniang in Guangzhou, but she suddenly disappeared on the way to Beijing with the yellow gate emissary, and disappeared from the world. Later, some scholars speculated that he erniang was hexiangu of Zengcheng.
How did hexiangu become an immortal
Hexiangu, formerly known as he su Nu, was born in Zengcheng in the first year of Yongchun of Tang Dynasty (682 AD). Her father’s name was Hetai. He’s well is sweet and delicious. He lives on tofu made from well water. He Sunu was smart and quiet since childhood. At the age of 14, she was lucky to meet lvdongbin who traveled here. Lvdongbin gave her some mica tablets. From then on, she could know the misfortunes and blessings of the world and often visited immortals in Luofu Mountain.
Later, she was dissatisfied with her parents’ choice of a son-in-law behind her back. On the eighth day of August in the reign of emperor Jinglong in the middle of the Tang Dynasty, she threw herself into the well in front of her house. When she threw the well, she only wore one shoe and left one shoe on the well platform. Later, a Taoist priest came down from Luofu Mountain and claimed to see the fairy sitting on the Magu altar stone of Luofu Mountain. He asked him to tell his parents to put away the shoes by the well. He su Nu became an immortal from then on and became a wandering fairy.
Where is hexiangu from
Yongzhou theory of Hunan Province
Scholars in the Song Dynasty, such as Ouyangxiu’s postscript to the collection of ancient records, Weitai’s Dongxuan transcript, and Zeng Minxing’s Duxing magazine, all contain their deeds. For example, some people say that hexiangu was a daughter of Yongzhou people during the reign of song Renzong. When she met a stranger when she was young, she gave her Xiantao (or Yunxian jujube) to eat. Since then, she has never had any seeds, and she can know the misfortunes and blessings against her. In order to build temples and pavilions, scholars and bureaucrats paid more visits to ask for forgiveness. Zeng Minxing said that he also went to he Xiangu Pavilion in Yongzhou to watch the portrait of Xiangu.
In the general guide to immortals of all ages, it is also stated that LV Dongbin once met a female of the he family in the Lingling mausoleum, baited her with gold pills, passed it on to the Taoist priest, and then introduced her to Zhong Li. From then on, he became an immortal and specialized in sweeping the leaves of flat peaches in langyuan. According to the Lingling mausoleum, Yongzhou was the seat of government. Therefore, later generations also believed that hexiangu was the prototype of the “Eight Immortals”.
Hunan Hengshan theory
It is said that hexiangu is a native of Hengshan Mountain and can know her fault. Tengzong, the governor of Baling County, had met her in the Qingli period (1041-1048) of Renzong of Song Dynasty. According to Ouyangxiu, “there are people who come here to balance themselves. Yun Xiangu is thin in her old age, with a dark face, and the first to decline.” later, there was a “play of the cloud in Hengzhou: ‘the fairy is dead, and there is no magic'”. It seems that these two “fairy maidens” are folk witches with real people, living in the same era; However, wangdechen also mentioned in Zhu Shi that Teng Zongliang asked Yongzhou hexiangu for advice, so Yongzhou and Hengzhou Xiangu may be the same person.
Anhui Yingshang theory
In Guangu village, Yingshang County, Anhui Province, there is still a legend about hexiangu. It is said that hexiangu (whose milk name is Hexiang) is the child’s adopted daughter-in-law of a family surnamed he at the east gate. He was badly abused. He opened a restaurant. One day, his mother-in-law and father-in-law were not in the restaurant, and seven beggars came. Seeing his pity, he Xiang shared half a bowl of noodles left at home. Later, her mother-in-law went to the restaurant and found that the noodles were missing. She asked Yu Hexiang. He Xiang told her the truth. Her mother-in-law was furious and asked him Xiang to recover the seven people.
When the seven returned, they had no money, so the mother-in-law took a basin and asked the seven to spit out their rice. The seven had no choice but to do so. My mother-in-law said that it was a waste and let he Xiang eat it. He Xiang had no choice but to eat while crying. During this period, a yellow dog and a black chicken vied for food. After eating, he Xiang felt his body was floating, he became an immortal and went to heaven, and his body fell.
Before leaving, she took a yellow dog and a black bone chicken and went to heaven to trade the black pot Market on the ground (today’s small market in Huangqiao Town, Yingshang). The idiom “if one gets the Tao, the chickens and dogs will rise to heaven” comes from this. Later, people honored him as “hexiangu” because of his kindness and help to the world. In Guangu village, there is a tomb of hexiangu as evidence.
Fujian Wuping theory
For example, it is recorded in ancient and modern book collections, collection of natural history, miracles, immortal department, general annals of Fujian, and annals of Wuping County, Local Chronicles: “fairy Gu, father Dalang, lived in Nanyan, Wuping for a long time, and was self-sufficient in goods and cakes. Lu Chunyang saw that he was immortal, and asked for cakes every day. Lu Gan gave him a peach, and when he ate all the clouds, he became an immortal. Therefore, fairy Gu went to Nanyan, valley.”
It is said above that Yun hexiangu is the daughter of hedalang, a cake seller. Seeing that she has “Immortality”, LV Dongbin begged her for cakes every day. She had to ask for them. She was not stingy. Lu was moved, so he gave her a fairy peach to make her become an immortal. This story is completely similar to the plot in Chinese folklore that LV Dongbin took hexiangu as his disciple, except that the location was changed from Guangdong to Fujian; In the legend of hexiangu in Guangdong, there is a saying that she threw a well to visit immortals in Guangzhou and ascended immortals in Fujian. Therefore, some people suspect that the two “fairy sisters” are the same person.
According to the he family tree written by Wuping, “hexiangu was born in Dingyou (937 A.D.) in the second year of Tianfu in the Late Jin Dynasty. She is young and pure. She doesn’t eat wine and meat. She is hidden in the rock. Her arrows are not suitable for people.” In 1086, Bingyin (A.D.) of the Yuan Dynasty, the first year of the reign of emperor zhezong of the Song Dynasty, died in the family of liuyilang, the fifth grandson of hedalang, Liukeng natural village, Ningyang village, Yanqian Town, Wuping County. He lived 150 years and was the oldest person in Wuping history. According to the manual, “at the end of her life, she heard the sound of drums in the air, and a auspicious cloud went up from her couch to the night man. Everyone was surprised. She was admired by the villagers and made a statue in the fairy house.”
It is said that hexiangu was buried in the ningyangqian Lake in front of the rock. He Dalang, the father of hexiangu, died at the age of 101 at Renchen (AD 993) in the third year of Chunhua, Song Dynasty. His original wife, Huang yiniang, died in the fourth year of Xianping, Emperor Zhenzong of Song Dynasty at the age of 102. Hexiangu and her parents both enjoy a life of more than 100 years, which is also rare in the world The tomb of hexiangu’s parents is also in front of wupingyan, which is well preserved. The inscriptions are faintly discernible, which can be used as evidence.
Hezhou theory of Guangxi
Hexiangu was born in Xianggu village, Gupo mountain, Hezhou, Guangxi. Her father hezhonglian named her Hexiang because the whole house was filled with the fragrance of lotus flowers when she was born. He Xiang is smart, hardworking and kind-hearted. She often picks tea on the nearby tea mountain. Her tea picking song is very pleasant. When he Xiang sings, animals will not fly over birds.
When he returned from picking tea at the age of 13, Yi Shi met LV Dongbin during his break and accepted her as an apprentice. This stone was called the stone of meeting immortals by later generations. LV Dongbin taught her to practice magic. Later, he Xiang pointed to the well. He Xiang drank the well water, which was as sweet as wine. He suddenly felt his body was light and energetic. After that, he didn’t feel hungry and thirsty without drinking or eating. Lvdongbin let he Xiang go into the deep valley of Gupo mountain to cultivate himself, and finally got the right result. There are many stories about fairy he punishing evil and promoting good, saving people and helping the world spread in Gupo mountain. Today, there is still a fairy temple on the mountain, which is full of incense. Disclaimer: the above content originates from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. Please inform us if your original copyright is infringed, and we will delete the relevant content as soon as possible.