What is the legend of Dayu breaking Longmen Mountain?

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What is the legend of Dayu breaking Longmen Mountain? According to legend, the Longmen Mountain dug by Dayu is where the Longmen Grottoes are now. It is recorded in the notes to the water classics: “in the past, Dayu scattered the Longmen to pass through the water. The two mountains were opposite to each other, and they looked like a tower. The Yi River flows through it, so it is called the Yi tower.”

The legend of Yu chiseling the dragon’s gate was first seen in Mozi. Universal love: “in ancient times, Yu ruled the world. In the west, it was the fishing sinus of the Xihe River to drain the water of the sun emperor. In the north, it was the Fangyuan, the residence of the Empress, the sinus of the pool, the sprinkling as the bottom pillar, and the chiseling was the dragon’s gate to benefit Yan, Dai, Hu, raccoon dogs and the people of the Xihe River.”. The Yellow River between Shanxi and Shaanxi was called Xihe in ancient times. Yu chiseled Longmen to benefit the people of Yan, Dai, Hu, raccoon and Xihe.

However, in the era of Dayu, with the production tools and technical level at that time, it was impossible to dig Longmen. The deeds of Dayu’s flood control were passed down to future generations. Dayu became the representative of the flood control, and he recorded all the things related to the flood control in the name of Dayu.

Longmen refers to the legendary Longmen in the legend of “carp jumping over the Longmen”, also known as yique, which is located in the Longmen Grottoes in Luoyang City, Henan Province. It is said that the dragon’s gate was opened for Ying long. When the carp jumped over the dragon’s gate, there was Ying Long hovering in the sky. There is a poem and a poem praising it: “the que is the great power of the dragon”. The que is the Yi que.

Before Yu chiseled Longmen Mountain, Longmen Mountain was a connected whole, not divided into East and West Mountains. The Yishui River accumulates in the south of Longmen Mountain and cannot flow out to the North due to this mountain. It forms a vast ocean and often floods.


Therefore, Dayu chiseled Longmen Mountain and divided it into East and West, so that Yishui could flow northward from the middle of the two mountains. Longmen mountain can be used as the general name of the East and West Mountains. After it was divided into two parts by Yishui (Yihe), its east mountain was called “Xiangshan” after Wu Zetian built the Xiangshan temple, while the West Mountain continued to be called “Longmen Mountain”.

It is said that during the flood period, the Luoshui and Yishui rivers were blocked and formed a large ocean, similar to the barrier lake. Of course, the scale formed in that period was much larger than the barrier lake. The people were in great distress and drowned. Dayu even suffered from floods, so he led the people to dredge the Luoshui River and inject it into the Yellow River. However, the Yishui river was blocked by Longmen Mountain. Therefore, the Longmen Mountain was dug to merge the Yishui River and Luoshui River and inject it into the Yellow River, thus solving the flood problem here.

The legend of the fish leaping over the dragon’s gate took place at the site of the Longmen Grottoes in Luoyang today. It is said that after Yu built the yique, the current was swift. The carp swimming in the Yellow River in Yujin went up the water of Luo and Yi. When they swam to the Longmen of yique, the waves were towering and they jumped one after another, intending to cross.

From half a mile away, he exerted all his strength, like an arrow off the string, leaping into the clouds, driving the clouds and rain in the air forward. A sky fire chased after him and burned his tail. It endured the pain and continued to leap forward. Finally, it crossed Longmen Mountain and fell into the lake in the south of the mountain. In a blink of an eye, it became a giant dragon.

The carp are one by one next to tiaolong mountain. However, except for a few skips and turns into dragons, most of them can not pass. Anyone who can’t jump and falls from the air will have a black scar on his forehead. To this day, this black scar still grows on the forehead of the Yellow River carp.

The skipper is a dragon, and the one who can’t jump leaves a black scar on his forehead. Therefore, Li Bai, a great poet of the Tang Dynasty, wrote in the poem “to Cui Shi Yu”: “the three foot carp of the Yellow River originally lived in Mengjin, and it can’t be a dragon when it points its forehead. It comes back with any fish.” Disclaimer: the above content is from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. If your original copyright is infringed, please inform us, and we will delete the relevant content as soon as possible.

8 thoughts on “What is the legend of Dayu breaking Longmen Mountain?

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