Who is the ancestor of Ju mang? In myth, what God is Jumang?

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For the partners who are very interested in Ju Mang, the editor of China story network brings detailed articles for your reference.

Ju mang is a wood God (spring God) in ancient Chinese folk mythology, who is in charge of the germination and growth of trees. Then whose descendants is Ju mang?


Whose descendants is Ju mang

As for the descendants of Ju Mang, here is another person’s name. This person is SHAOHAO, who is the Father God of Ju mang. Similarly, SHAOHAO is also the God of Chinese myths and legends, but his status is extremely noble.

According to the ancient Zhou rites, the princes of all countries will offer sacrifices to the five heavenly emperors. This SHAOHAO is one of the five heavenly emperors, which is the Western Heavenly Emperor, and Ju mang is his son. SHAOHAO is also known as one of the common ancestors of China. According to relevant historical records, birds are used as totems in the tribes under its jurisdiction, and the Phoenix we see now is evolved from his tribe.

As a descendant of SHAOHAO, Ju Mang’s ability naturally cannot be underestimated. He is the courtier of Wang Fuxi, who manages spring together with him. The sun rises from the hibiscus every day, and the hibiscus and the land where the sun rises are also managed by Ju mang. In myth and legend, he has a human face, but has a bird’s body, and his mount is two dragons. He was a very important fairy in ancient times. Later, he gradually faded out and evolved into the image of a shepherd boy we see in the New Year pictures today. With a bun on his head and a willow whip in his hand, he is also called mang boy.

Although we can know that Ju mang is the descendant of the God SHAOHAO, and we know his origin and image, there is no record of his gender. We can only guess from the records in some other documents that the dabaigao tribe under the jurisdiction of SHAOHAO is a tribe with male supremacy, and as the descendant of the tribal leader, Ju mang naturally evolved into a male image.


Spring God in myth

Awn God, also known as awn, wood God and spring God, is the God who dominates the growth of plants and all kinds of life, and also the God who dominates agricultural production.

There are many records about mang God in the pre Qin documents. “Zuo Zhuan, the 29th year of Zhao Gong”: “Mu Zheng said Ju mang.”

“Notes: Yueling”: “its emperor’s big eyes. Its god hook awn.” Zheng Xuan noted, “Ju Mang, son of Shao Shi, is a wooden official.” Zhu Jiazhu: “Da Baigao fell victim, the king of wood virtue. Ju Mang, the son of shaomou family. Rizhong, the Minister of wood officials, and the holy God established the pole after the sky. He first had merit and virtue for the people, so later the king worshiped it in spring.”

The original mang God seems to be related to the bird totem. According to relevant experts, it may be a regional clan God. This totem is not only the source of the clan, but also their patron saint. Of course, it also dominates the growth of all things and agricultural harvest.

“The classics of mountains and seas · overseas classics”: “the eastern sentence awn, the bird body and human face, ride two dragons.” GuoPu’s note: “wood God is also, in terms of plain clothes.” This is the image of God mang as a human head, a bird and a dragon.

“Huainan Zi · Shi zexun”: “the pole of the East, self exhausting stone mountains, crossing North Korea, running through the country of adults, reaching the second sunrise in the East, the land of wood, the field of green soil and trees, and the place of Tai Mou and Ju mang are thousands of miles.”

In some of the images of God awn, he still holds the rules and rules, governing spring affairs. If the earliest mang God was a human and beast like bird head human figure, then it was personified later. Mang God is an image of a man, and in folk New Year pictures, it has become the image of two smiling barefoot boys.

Spring God for the Qing emperor said that the origin is extremely complex. Its prototype is Fuxi, the head of the legendary “Three Emperors”, also known as Taihao Fuxi. It is said that he was born in Chengji of the Weihe River Basin, listened to the wind sound from all directions, made zither and harp, drew “eight trigrams”, and imitated spiders to make fishing nets. He is a pathfinder of the Chinese nation from the primitive state to the civilized era. Perhaps Fuxi was famous for his meritorious deeds, and perhaps because of his fame, he was mythologized as the emperor in charge of the East. After the popularity of the theory of yin and Yang, the eastern Heavenly Emperor was also called the Qing emperor, and the Qing emperor was also called the God in charge of spring, because the East dominated the green color and the spring order.

With the passage of time, the view of the Qing emperor has evolved again. The book “Zhou Li Tian Guan Da Zai” written in the Warring States period records the view of “worshiping the Five Emperors”. According to the river map written by Weishu in the Han Dynasty, “the Eastern Qing emperor was spirited and awed, and the wooden emperor was also; the southern Red Emperor was red and angry, and the fire emperor was also; the central Yellow Emperor was a hub, and the earth emperor was also; the western white emperor was white and rejected, and the golden emperor was also; the northern black emperor was Ye Guangji, and the water emperor was also”. At this time, the name of the Qing emperor is “lingweiyang”, which may be a title. After the emergence of Taoism, the five emperors of Weishu were slightly modified to form five sides and five elders. The volume of the five elders of the Yuan Dynasty, the Red Book of the five elders of the Yuan Dynasty, the jade chapter of the true text of heaven, which was popular in the northern and Southern Dynasties, said: “the Oriental Anbao Hualin Qingling began to grow old, with the name Cang Di, the surname Yan taboo Kaiming, and the word lingweiyang. At this time, the Qing Di not only had a surname and name, but also” lingweiyang “became his” word “.


According to legend, Ju Mang, also known as Gou Mang, Mu Zheng and Mu Di, is the God of farming management. The sacrifice to Jumang God dates back to the Zhou Dynasty, when there was an East Hall and a Spring Festival ceremony was held every year. This custom continued until the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China.

In addition, there are also spring gods for Fuxi and Jumang. According to folk tradition, Fuxi became the emperor of the East, and his ministers, Ju Mang, became his God. The two of them jointly manage the fields of green trees in the East for 12000 miles, and are the gods of spring together. This statement may not be in contradiction with the above-mentioned record in the Shangshu Hongfan that “the emperor is too stupid to be a God and sentence Mansi”. There are no punctuation points in ancient documents, or the punctuation may be “emperor Tai Yu, God sentence Mansi”. In this way, it is not impossible to understand that emperor Tai Yun, that is, Fuxi and shenjumang jointly preside over spring. Fuxi was either the main God, and Jumang was the subordinate God. This is also consistent with the legend that Fuxi was in charge of the East, and Jumang was the God of plants and life. [2]

Jumang image

What is the image of Jumang? According to the materials, the original image of the spring God Jumang is the bird body and human face. “The classics of mountains and seas · overseas classics” said: “the eastern sentence awn, the bird body and human face, ride two dragons.” Jumang’s bird body and human face show that the dabaigao tribe living in the East was originally a tribe with bird as its totem belief, and Jumang God may be the totem God of the tribe. Is spring God a female or a male? There is no material to explain. But the fabled dabaigao tribe is already a patriarchal tribal society. Another material said that the face of Jumang God was square. Influenced by the historization of mythology and the patriarchal society, jumangtu in later generations has almost become an image of an ancient courtier, except that there are still some hairs called “mang” on his head. Disclaimer: the above content originates from the network, and the copyright belongs to the original author. Please inform us if your original copyright is infringed, and we will delete the relevant content as soon as possible.

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