Hujuezhao, a 65 year old history professor in Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, wrote a letter to the teaching materials department of the Ministry of education, suggesting that the Chinese textbooks for middle schools should cancel the graduation form. Later, Hu juezhao wrote on his blog that “to be a teacher is an emperor’s dream”, saying that Zhugeliang knew that “to be a teacher” could not be done, and he wanted to usurp the throne. Xiangfan City, Hubei Province, which has just successfully held the “1800 year celebration of Zhugeliang’s coming out of the mountain”, expressed its opposition. When it comes to Zhugeliang, many people will think of the famous saying “spare no effort and die before you die”. However, Professor hujuezhao believed that Zhugeliang wanted to replace Liu Chan as emperor under the banner of foolish loyalty. This “view” is new, but I really disagree.
Hu juezhao’s several bases for “Zhugeliang’s dream of becoming an emperor” simply do not hold water. For example, he said that Zhugeliang wanted to establish meritorious service and ascend the throne through the northern expedition. However, both official and unofficial legends tell us that Zhugeliang’s repeated attacks on the Wei Dynasty were entrusted by Liu Bei’s last order to “unify the Han Dynasty”, rather than his personal ambition. It is not only biased, but also very funny to infer that Zhugeliang had “ulterior motives”. Moreover, in the turbulent times of the Three Kingdoms, it was common for the regime to change and the royal power to change hands. If Zhugeliang had the ambition to become emperor, it would not be difficult for him to usurp the throne and seize power with his power and prestige in the Shu Kingdom. Why bother? He can sit on the throne of the emperor and “live in a corner” to protect his power and interests, not to compete with Cao Wei, let alone take his own life.
In fact, whether Zhugeliang had an “emperor dream” has become a “historical mystery” that can never be solved. But today, Zhugeliang’s “emperor dream” was “made” by modern scholars on behalf of Zhugeliang – applying the desire value of modern people, Shengsheng gave Zhugeliang the title of an ambitious man: at that time, moral loyalty became undesirable foolish loyalty, and the political burden of “pacifying the world” became “ambitious” in the eyes of some people. History has turned that page, and Zhugeliang finally died on the road of attacking Wei. For his life, history has long been a conclusion and evaluation. As today, we should maintain basic respect for the historical sages, and we can’t irresponsibly joke and subvert them at will.
Not long ago, I heard that a scholar in Henan also put forward a new academic research achievement: Sima Xiangru cheated on talent and sex and was also suspected of “keeping mistresses”, which “contrasts with Zhugeliang’s view that” Zhugeliang dreamed of being an emperor “- is it Zhugeliang’s great ambition, Sima Xiangru’s immorality, or is our” interpretation “too outrageous? At present, the academic research atmosphere of impetuous and grandstanding is worrying.