Why are Taotie, chaos, poverty and Tao Wu the four evils in ancient Chinese mythology?

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In ancient Chinese mythology, there are four evil spirits (also referred to as Gonggong, cuddle, Sanmiao and Cuan), that is, the four great Warcraft, namely, Taotie, hundun, qiongqi and Taowu. The following China story net Xiaobian will bring you a detailed introduction. Let’s have a look!

1. Taotie

It is said that the Yellow Emperor Xuanyuan fought against Chiyou. Chiyou was beheaded and his head fell to the ground and became Taotie. According to the mountain and sea Sutra – North Mountain Sutra, “there are many jade on the mountain of Gou Wu, and many copper under it. There are animals. They look like sheep and human faces. Their eyes are under their armpits. They have tiger teeth and human claws. Their voice is like a baby. They are called roe deer owls. They are cannibals.” According to GuoPu’s annotation to the book of mountains and seas in the Jin Dynasty, the roe deer owl here refers to Taotie (there is a strange bird named Pao owl in a mine pit of Xuan No. 2 middle school. Can it be roe deer owl?). “Miraculous Scripture · western wilderness scripture” says: “Taotie, animal name, body like an ox, human face, eyes under the armpit, cannibalism.”


Later, Taotie became a totem carved on various sacrificial vessels. “Lu’s spring and Autumn Annals – first knowledge and survey” says: “Zhou Ding wrote a gluttonous book. He had a head but no body. He ate people without swallowing the harm and body. He reported the change with words.” In the Yin and Zhou dynasties, Taotie was often engraved on the Dingyi, with a ferocious head, bright eyes, impressiveness and protruding nose; There is a pair of curved horns or feet at the head, and the bending direction seems to have no customization, or the inner hook looks like a sheep’s horn, or the outer curve looks like a cow’s horn; Big mouth, sharp teeth like a saw, mouth slightly bent, or mouth locked. It is in the front squatting shape, with the body arched, the head touching the ground or water cloud, and a pair of sharp claws on both sides, like dog claws or tiger claws. There are a pair of meat wings on both sides, shaped like ears. The Taotie pattern on the bronze ware is compared to greedy people in later generations because of their greed; Taotie &quote;. “Zuo Zhuan · the 18th year of the Duke of Wen” says: “the Jinyun family has talented people who are greedy for food and take bribes. The world is called gluttonous.”

2. Poor and strange

According to the book of mountains and seas, North Mountain classic: “it is 260 miles to the West. It is called Jiashan mountain. There are animals on it. It looks like cattle and has hedgehog hair. It is called poor Qi and sounds like a dog. It is cannibal.” Another way of saying that poverty and wonder are gods’ names, “Huainan Zi’s training on falling forms”: “poverty and wonder are the offspring of Mo Feng.” Gao Yinzhu said, “poor and strange are the gods of heaven. On the northern Road, two dragons take the form of a tiger.” In the trace of the sky, the whole body of Xianshan island is red, and the monster that looks like an ox is poor and strange (with five colored Heather leaves on its body).

Later, the term “poor Qi” was used to refer to a perfidious person. In Zuo Zhuan, the 18th year of the Duke of Wen, it was said: “SHAOHAO, who has no talent, destroys his faith and evil loyalty, worships and plays evil words. The world is called poor Qi.” Unfortunately, I only found the above information about poor Qi, which may be the reason why poor Qi did not become one of the ancient Warcraft in the trace of heaven: there is too little background information.


3. Machine

It is said in the Western famine Sutra: “there are animals in the Western famine. They are as big as tigers, with hair two feet long, human face, tiger feet, teeth and tail one foot eight feet long. They disturb the wilderness and are called Taowu.” Another saying is that it is a divine name. According to the national language, Zhou Yu Shang, “Tao Wu is second to PI Shan in the prosperity of business.” Another book in the Warring States period called “Tao Wu” is a historical book specially recording the history of Chu.

Later, “Tao Wu” was used to refer to a person with a stubborn and vicious attitude. It is said in the Zuo Zhuan · the 18th year of the Duke of Wen that “Zhuanxu had no talent and could not be taught a lesson. He did not know what to say, and the world was called a power.”

4. Chaos

Chaos means chaos. It looks like a dog. It looks like a cat without claws. It has eyes but can’t see, two ears but can’t smell, an abdomen without five internal organs, and can’t open its feet when walking. Hundun is called “hundun” by later generations because of its confusion and chaos. According to Zuo Zhuan, the 18th year of the Duke of Wen: “the Hong family of the former Emperor had talented people, concealed righteous thieves and good murderers. The world is called” hundun ” Disclaimer: the above content originates from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. Please inform us if your original copyright is infringed, and we will delete the relevant content as soon as possible.

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