Original: Tianya mending knife source: wechat official account: Tianya current affairs has been authorized to reprint
At more than 11 a.m. Beijing time on June 17, 2022, China’s third aircraft carrier was officially unveiled, named “Fujian warship of the Chinese people’s Liberation Army Navy”, with the side number “18”. Fujian warship is the first catapult aircraft carrier designed and built independently by China.
However, the maximum range of cruise missiles is only a few hundred kilometers, and they can not reach that far at all, so they can only use ballistic missiles.
Ballistic missiles have a long range, but they are also very expensive (one is worth tens of millions). They are mainly used to hit fixed targets such as airports, runways and command posts with high value. If you use it to fight ordinary soldiers, it will not be cost-effective, and it may not be able to fight, because the maximum payload of conventional ballistic missiles is only 2 tons, and the explosion radius is less than 200 meters, which is of no use at all.
Some people may say: with fighter planes, cruise missiles can be carried on fighter planes. That’s cheap.
However, there are few fighters with an operational radius of 1000 km, and the number of missiles carried by fighters is also relatively small (less than 10), and they can carry at most 3-5 tons of bombs. Therefore, it is not reliable.
Some people say that with destroyers, a destroyer can carry hundreds of tons of bombs at a time.
However, Vietnam also has s-30 and F-16 fighters. The combat radius of fighters is larger than that of destroyers. Destroyers only have the function of defense in front of Fighters (only intercepting war launched missiles): fighters can hit destroyers, but destroyers can’t hit fighters – fighters can hit destroyers within 400 kilometers (no matter how far away, the cruise missiles carried by fighters can’t reach them), Destroyers can only attack aircraft within 300 kilometers (cruise missiles carried by destroyers are launched from bottom to top, which are greatly affected by gravity, so the range should be shorter).
With this calculation, we will find that if Vietnam and the United States engage in trouble on the islands in the South China Sea that are slightly away from us, we have no good means to deal with it.
To put it simply: if there is no aircraft carrier, our maximum attack range will be about 1000 kilometers (a very few fighters can reach 1500 kilometers).
However, with an aircraft carrier, it will be different.
An aircraft carrier is a mobile airport that can expand the operational radius indefinitely.
Perhaps someone has heard such a saying on the Internet: aircraft carriers are “live targets”, which is useless.
Those who say this are people who do not understand the composition of aircraft carrier fleets at all.
The aircraft carrier will not go out alone, but an aircraft carrier formation.
The aircraft carrier formation generally consists of 1 aircraft carrier, 2-3 air defense cruisers or destroyers, 2-3 anti submarine destroyers, 1-2 attack nuclear submarines, and 1-2 logistics support ships to form a single aircraft carrier battle group, with a total of 7-11 ships.
These fleets are distributed within 200 kilometers around the aircraft carrier.
The aircraft carrier formations you can see on the Internet are as follows:
In the course of actual combat, it is impossible to be so distributed.
In the course of actual combat, you can only see a single aircraft carrier, because the frigates are far away from the aircraft carrier, and you can’t see it at all.
If the aircraft wants to attack the aircraft carrier, it must be within 400 kilometers at least, but you can’t be within 400 kilometers near the aircraft carrier, because various frigates are 200 kilometers away from the aircraft carrier, while destroyers are about 300 kilometers away from the aircraft, which adds up to 500 kilometers.
In addition, don’t forget that there are fighter planes on the aircraft carrier.
If the radar detects that the enemy fighter plane is attacking, the fighter plane will take off to meet the enemy. The combat radius of the fighter plane is about 1000 kilometers.
That is to say, if you want to attack an aircraft carrier, you must first destroy all carrier based aircraft 1000 kilometers away from the aircraft carrier. After destroying all carrier based aircraft, you must also destroy all frigates 500 kilometers away!
This is an impossible task.
According to the information disclosed at present, the number of carrier based aircraft of Fujian warship may reach 60. Even if we change one for one, you must have at least 60 fourth generation fighters, right?
Moreover, there are more than a dozen frigates around the aircraft carrier. You need at least hundreds of fourth generation fighters to clear these frigates?
At present, only a handful of countries can have hundreds of Fourth Generation Fighters: Japan only has less than 300 fourth generation fighters, and the Philippines does not even have one.
We won’t say more about this, because I don’t understand the more specific ones. It says so much just to tell you that aircraft carriers are not so easy to fight. If they were so easy to fight, we wouldn’t build aircraft carriers, and the United States wouldn’t want so many aircraft carriers.
There are two main functions of aircraft carriers:
First, protect national security and territorial integrity;
Second, protect maritime transport routes.
1. Ensuring national security and territorial integrity
With aircraft carriers, we can extend our defense line by at least 1000 kilometers. Now the first island chain is under our control. As long as we deploy aircraft carriers to the first island chain, we can extend our defense line by another 1000 kilometers.
If there is a big war, the 1000 km defensive line can buy us a lot of time, which effectively ensures our national security.
In addition to protecting national security, it is also of great significance for us to safeguard territorial integrity.
In the future, when we recover Taiwan, as long as we deploy an aircraft carrier fleet in the Miyako Strait and the Bashi Strait, the two will act as horns against each other, blocking the interference of the United States and Japan in the north and the interference of the US military base in the Philippines in the south. Taiwan will be surrounded like an iron barrel. No external ship can enter Taiwan Island.
The western part of Taiwan is a plain, and our occupation within 72 hours will not be a problem at all; The central and eastern part of Taiwan is mountainous, easy to defend but difficult to attack. But as long as we cut off external support, are there any other ways out for those diehard Pro independence factions besides capitulation and death?
Just think: what would happen without these two aircraft carriers?
The United States and Japan will continuously send a large number of small ships from bases such as Ryukyu and Guam to transport weapons and supplies to the pro independence groups in the central and eastern mountains of Taiwan. It takes time and is very uneconomical for you to fight with fighter planes – each fighter plane has only a few missiles.
Destroyers and submarines have the same drawbacks.
However, with two aircraft carrier fleets, it is totally different. As long as they stop at the Miyako Strait and the Bashi Strait, Taiwan will be surrounded like an iron bucket, and no external ship can enter.
With two aircraft carriers, we can completely besiege Taiwan and minimize the losses of the war.
If we have three or four ships, we can expand the defensive circle to a greater extent and provide more security.
2. Ensuring the import safety of China’s bulk commodities
Imported oil mainly depends on tankers. Large tonnage oil tankers (more than 300000 tons) are suitable for long-distance transportation, mainly through the Persian Gulf and the horn of good hope in Africa.
For example, offshore, China mainly imports oil from the Middle East, Angola and Venezuela; The United States mainly imports oil from the Middle East.
Small tonnage oil tankers (more than 150000 tons) are suitable for short distance transportation, and the route is relatively flexible.
Comparing the two oil transportation maps, we can find several obvious rules:
First, European oil mainly comes from the Middle East, Nigeria and the United States;
Second, oil from Venezuela, Brazil and Angola is mainly transported to China, Japan and South Korea.
What does this mean?
It shows that Brazil, Venezuela, Angola and China have good relations, and their relations with Europe are very general. Otherwise, they would not sell to Europe (or Europe would not buy them). After all, Europe is closer to them; Nigeria has a very good relationship with China, but it may have a better relationship with Europe.
(2) Grain, iron ore, etc
Coal, ore, cement, timber, livestock, grain, etc. are generally transported by bulk carriers.
Since the added value of grain, timber and other commodities is relatively low, large tonnage cargo ships are generally required for transportation. China mainly imports grain from Brazil.
Due to the high added value of iron ore and livestock, they can be transported by relatively small tonnage bulk carriers. China’s iron ore mainly comes from Australia and Brazil.
3. Ensuring the export safety of China’s medium and low-end manufacturing
Middle and low-end manufacturing is a necessity for daily life. There are a wide variety of commodities, which are mainly transported in containers.
As China’s middle and low-end manufacturing is very powerful and almost monopolizes the world, the freight volume is relatively large.
China is the largest trading country of more than 120 countries. The quantity and amount of import and export commodities are very large. Who will be responsible for their safety during transportation?
We all know that enterprises in China have to pay a lot of taxes to the state every year. Why should they pay taxes?
In fact, it’s hard to say: protection fee.
In China, the government maintains order and ensures the safety of enterprises and people. Naturally, you have to pay “protection fees” to the state. Otherwise, the state has no money to build public security, courts and prisons.
Then the question arises: our multinational enterprises have to pay taxes to the state when they earn money abroad. Should the state protect the interests of these enterprises abroad?
If countries do not collect taxes on transnational trade of transnational enterprises, then transnational enterprises have been bullied and robbed in other countries, then we can ignore them. However, the state collects their taxes, so the state has the obligation to protect the safety of these enterprises.
Has the country done it?
We can only say that we have done a lot, but not enough.
Many of our enterprises were robbed by pirates in the process of transportation, and the state did not completely help the enterprises to recover the losses; When many of our enterprises are operating abroad, they are treated unfairly, resulting in losses. The state has no way to help them recover justice
For example, in the short 21 days from November 1 to 21, 2008, 20 vessels belonging to COSCO Group were harassed by pirates, resulting in some COSCO companies having to pay huge ransoms to pirates.
Let’s take a look at the figure below. This is the distribution map of piracy and robbery in the past three years, which was even more serious in previous years.
Why do we fail to protect the overseas interests of enterprises?
Because we do not have a strong navy to protect the security of maritime trade, and we do not have a strong navy to deter those countries that do not abide by the rules.
Therefore, in this regard, I always think that our government is ashamed of multinational enterprises.
By the way, I complain that the state should not use taxpayer money to protect those who travel abroad. Because those people do not create any income for China when they travel. On the contrary, they also take Chinese money abroad, mainly paying taxes to other countries – you do not pay taxes to the country. Why should the country protect them?
For example, in january2018, 175 Chinese tourists were detained at the Japanese airport and were treated unfairly. As a result, they sang the national anthem at the airport and wanted help from the Chinese government.
If you study abroad, serve the country after learning knowledge, and pay more taxes to the country, then the country has the obligation to protect you; If you go abroad to do business, earn money to spend back home, promote domestic economic development, and pay taxes to the state, the state should protect you
However, when you travel abroad, you don’t earn money from other countries (instead, you give money to other countries), and you don’t learn anything to serve the country. On the contrary, you may bring back garbage ideas from other countries
It’s like, you didn’t pay me a penny of protection fee, but you asked me to protect you. Isn’t that a joke?
If I protect you, it is equivalent to taking the protection fee given to me by others to protect you. Isn’t this a serious injustice?
Therefore, I want to say to those people: you have been bullied in the process of traveling abroad and spending. The state protects you only because you are Chinese, not because the state owes you. The cost of protecting you is paid by the people all over the country. You should know how to be grateful.
For example, from September to December 2017, before and after the outbreak of the Argonne volcano crisis in Bali, the Chinese Consulate General in Denpasar issued as many as 14 “don’t travel” reminders for Chinese tourists.
However, this still doesn’t stop some people from going out!
In the end, the Ministry of foreign affairs was forced to issue a statement: “if Chinese citizens persist in going after the issuance of the reminder not to go for the time being, it may cause the parties concerned to face extremely high security risks, and will seriously affect the effectiveness of their assistance, and the expenses arising from the assistance should be borne by themselves.”
As a result, the volcano erupted and 17000 fools were trapped in Bali.
I can’t be cruel.
There was no way. The state had to use a special plane to take those fools home.
Watching those fools waving the national flag, I really want to give them a big mouth!
And the face to wave the flag?
I’m sorry to say rude words.
But I can’t help it, because I get angry at the thought!
You have the money to travel abroad and are willing to throw your money to other countries. That is your personal freedom. But if you get into trouble outside, you can solve it yourself. Don’t mention the country, let alone use the identity of “Chinese” – you represent yourself, not China, not Chinese. We have no obligation to wipe your ass for you!
In fact, I think: the Chinese government should do its best to protect the Chinese people who work and study abroad; On the contrary, we should not give any protection to those Chinese who travel abroad. Unless we levy “overseas tourism tax” on those people, there is no reason to protect them!
Don’t think there is no “overseas travel tax”.
On january7,2019, Japan officially imposed the “international tourist tax” (commonly known as “overseas tax”): when foreign tourists and Japanese people leave Japan, they will be charged 1000 yen (about 62.57 yuan) each.
Back to the point.
Over the years, our multinational enterprises have operated overseas, paid taxes to the country and earned foreign exchange for the country, which has greatly promoted China’s development. However, our country has failed to fully fulfill its responsibility to protect enterprises.
It is because we do not have a strong navy, which can not provide more escort for multinational enterprises to operate overseas.
Over the years, although our navy has developed very fast, and various warships are constantly entering the water like “dumplings”, there are defects without aircraft carriers.
Just imagine, if our merchant ships encounter pirates in the Cape of good hope in Africa, and our destroyers rush over from near Djibouti, I’m afraid the cauliflower will be cold – the speed of China’s fastest destroyer is 60 kilometers per hour, and it will take at least four days from the Djibouti base to the Cape of good hope.
If there were an aircraft carrier, it would be different. The aircraft on the aircraft carrier would be much faster than the destroyer (at least 1000 kilometers per hour).
In the future, as long as we build 9 aircraft carriers, our fighters can arrive in any sea area within 2 hours.
As China grows stronger and stronger, many countries will strengthen cooperation with us. We must be able to protect these countries, otherwise they dare not approach China.
At the same time, as our overseas interests continue to increase, many countries will continue to provoke China and want to prevent China’s rise. We also need strong force to deter these countries.
Therefore, we must have aircraft carriers, and the number can not be too small!
—–This concludes the full text.